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Ch16b
 

Ch16b

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    Ch16b Ch16b Presentation Transcript

    • NORTH PACIFIC COAST ALASKA: A POLITICAL ISLAND (Chapter 16, pages 338-340)
    • Alaska (page 339)
    • Introduction
      • Isolation
        • No railroad connection with rest of U.S.
        • One paved road
        • Panhandle’s shoreline rarely more than a few hundred meters wide
        • Dependence on air and sea connections
        • Sense of detachment from “lower 48”
        • Enormous cost from scarcities and transport costs
      • Economy
        • Federal government, especially Department of Defense , dominant employer in the state
        • Extraction of primary resources less important, despite North Slope oil
        • Japan (as close as conterminous U.S.) important market
    • Continuous Controversies
        • Developing natural resources
        • Safeguarding the last frontier
        • Protecting and preserving the traditional way of life of the state's native population
        • State's right to pursue economic development through exploitation of its natural resources
    •  
    • Key Players
      • Federal government
      • State government
      • Environmentalists
      • Native Alaskans
      • Developers
      • Homesteaders
    • Chronology
      • 1867 : U.S. purchase of Alaska from Russia
      • 1884 : Alaska Organic Act : Indians and Eskimos in the territory to retain lands actually in their use or occupation
      • 1958 : Alaska Statehood Act: Granted the state the right to select 42 million hectares (104 million acres) by 1983 for state use, ignoring Indian and Eskimo claims
      • 1959 : Alaska statehood
    • Chronology (continued)
      • 1968 : Petroleum discovered at Prudhoe Bay on the North Slope
      • 1971 : Alaskan Native Land Claims Settlement Act: Eskimos, Aleuts, and Indians to receive $1 billion and 18 million hectares (44 million acres)
      • 1980 : Conservation Act (a major compromise between interest groups) providing 42 million hectares (104 million acres) for parks and refuges, including 23 million hectares (57 million acres) as wilderness