Leadership and-administrative-dynamics-seventh class
Leadership and Administrative DynamicsEckerd Spring 2011
Agenda Examination of needs assessment tools PEST/SWOT DATA Analysis How to analyze and present data Techniques Read memos in class. Memo Writing
SWOT Analysis Strengths Qualified Staff Weakness Strong Board leadership Funding sources unstable Good community relationships High turnover Poor measurement of outcomes Threats Opportunities Recession will worsen to depression New federal funding available Competition from for profit entities New interest in homeless families Need exceeds ability to respond
PEST• Political• Economic• Social• Technological• Break out session. Perform this testfor the agency you work for and presentit to the class.
six fundamental principles of analyticaldesign• Show comparisons, contrasts, differences.• Show causality, mechanism, explanation, systematic structure.• Show multivariate data; that is, show more than 1 or 2 variables.• Completely integrate words, numbers, images, diagrams.• Thoroughly describe the evidence. Provide a detailed title, indicate the authors and sponsors, document the data sources, show complete measurement scales, point out relevant issues.• Analytical presentations ultimately stand or fall depending on the quality, relevance, and integrity of their content.
• “The purpose of an evidence presentation is to assist thinking”, and that these six principles of analytical design “are derived from the principles of analytical thinking.” (BE, p. 137). He claims that these design principles are universal and “not tied to any particular language, culture, style, century, gender, or technology of information display.”
PowerPoint Is Evil• Ina business setting, a PowerPoint slide typically shows 40 words, which is about eight seconds worth of silent reading material. With so little information per slide, many, many slides are needed. Audiences consequently endure a relentless sequentiality, one damn slide after another.
• Visual reasoning usually works more effectively when relevant information is shown side by side.
Tufte emphatically• Do not write bullets with incomplete sentences.• Remember the journalism rule: include who, what, where, when and why• Calculate the knowledge level, work and educational backgrounds of your audience
COLOR!• Avoidcolors that don’t match.• Nature provides suggestions• Remember to use the theme color available in Microsoft products.
Sparklines• tinyvisual device Tufte calls a “sparkline.” It’s intended to convey a bunch of data, perhaps a couple of hundred numbers’ worth, in a space no larger than would be required for a couple of words, like this bit of medical monitoring: