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  1. 1. Michelle Liriano & Lilian Ruiz<br />
  2. 2. Literature Review<br />“Litter is anything that is thrown, dropped or deposited in a public place creating an eyesore and/or environmental damage. It can be described as rubbish in the wrong place” (<br />
  3. 3. Litter Facts<br />90 years<br />1 year<br />1 month<br />3-4 weeks<br /><br />
  4. 4. Litter Facts<br />>1 million years<br /> million years<br />200-500 years<br />550 years<br /><br />
  5. 5. Research Question<br />What are the physical, social, and environmental effects of littering?<br />
  6. 6. Why Littering?<br />Trash on the sidewalk<br />In our neighborhoods<br />An issue in OUR city<br />
  7. 7. Why Littering?<br />What I hoped to find:<br />Why do people litter?<br />Why are some neighborhoods cleaner than others?<br />Who is responsible for cleaning the city of Boston?<br />Do corner stores, garbage trucks, train stations contribute to the trash on streets?<br />Are there enough trash cans provided in neighborhoods in Boston<br />
  8. 8. So, what’s the Problem?<br />Actions of people- people who throw their trash out on the streets<br />Not enough trash cans in neighborhoods and streets<br />Illegal Dumping <br />Negligence from the city’s part to provide an equal amount of resources to each neighborhood in Boston.<br />
  9. 9. Hypothesis<br />So we thought…<br />Only people who litter (litterbugs) were involved <br />The city wasn’t doing anything about it<br />People don’t care about their neighborhoods <br />Youth were the main contributors<br />
  10. 10. Literature Review<br />Main types of litter<br />
  11. 11. Literature Review<br />“… as people's perceptions of neighborhood decline increase, it's more likely that crime will occur and that criminals will be drawn to the area because it appears more likely that criminal behavior will be tolerated or ignored” (Impact of Litter, 2).<br />
  12. 12. Literature Review<br />“Some explanation of why people litter is that it is an anti-social behavior, the result of negligence, habit, or lack of education about the impact of littering” (Impact of Litter, 3). <br />
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  18. 18. Methodology- Interviews<br />People with experience<br />Micheal Watts<br />Kate England<br />Betty Cowan<br />Candice Cook<br />Mike Handly <br />Provide us with facts<br />Different side of the story<br /> Why this problem still persists in Boston<br />
  19. 19. Methodology<br />Internship Placement<br />
  20. 20. We came to the realization that everyone is at fault<br />The government<br />You (littering and for not doing anything)<br />Us (for not doing anything)<br />Thesis<br />
  21. 21. Thesis<br />Social Effects:<br />People less likely to visit the area <br />Takes the pride away from a neighborhood<br />People will not value where they live<br /> Littering will become a habit <br />
  22. 22. Thesis<br />Physical Effects:<br />Streets look dirty and neighborhoods unattractive<br />Hurts the community by making the community trashy<br />fewer customers for businesses<br />Leads to crime perceptions <br />neighborhood looks neglected <br />
  23. 23. Thesis<br />Environmental Effects:<br />Trash clogs sewers, rivers, creates toxic soil<br />Plants will die <br />Health of people will be at risk, <br />Asthma rates<br />Diseases carried by an increase pests<br />Increases pollution<br />
  24. 24. Defense/Evidence<br />Jenkins described what the word environment means to ACE, <br />“Environment is where you live, learn, play, therefore environmental justice (which is what ACE strives to do) is how people interact with their surroundings.”<br />
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  31. 31. Action Plan<br />LearnIdentifyTeachTrainEventsRestore<br />
  32. 32. The Ask<br /><ul><li>Educate People
  33. 33. Broadcasting a PSA to general public
  34. 34. Curriculum in schools
  35. 35. City services </li></li></ul><li>The Ask<br /><ul><li>Equity between Neighborhoods
  36. 36. Enough trash cans
  37. 37. Bag change
  38. 38. Street cleaning
  39. 39. Jobs</li></li></ul><li>
  40. 40. The Ask<br /><ul><li>Set Example
  41. 41. Sports team connection
  42. 42. Button Campaign for city residents/youth
  43. 43. Take ownership of issue</li></li></ul><li>Questions/Comments??<br />Thank you <br />for your time! <br />