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  • 1. LaurenJean Rice5th GradeTopic: Biomes and EcosystemsLearning Objective: Describe the major worldbiomes (i.e. desert, plain, tropic, tundra, grassland,mountain, forest, and ocean) and learn aboutnatural resources of world ecosystems.1. Click here to answer question number 1!  Click on the link and answer the following questions.  What is a biome? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________  What is an ecosystem? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________  What is the difference between a biome and an ecosystem? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________2. Click here to answer question number 2!  Watch the video (4:03) and answer the following questions.  How many main biomes are there? ____________  What are they? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________3. Click here to answer question number 3!  Click on the tundra icon. In the left-hand column, click “tundra facts.” Answer the following questions.  Where is the tundra located? ________________________________________  What is permafrost? Does it melt? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________4. Click here to answer question number 4!  Click on the “deciduous forest” link and answer the following questions.  What does the word “deciduous” mean (hint: keep scrolling!)? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________  Where are deciduous forests located? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
  • 2.  What kinds of trees exist in deciduous forests? Have you heard of any of these? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________  Are there seasons in deciduous forests? If so, which ones? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________5. Click here to answer question number 5!  Answer the following questions after reading through this page.  What are the differences between tropical and temperate rainforests? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________  What are the four layers found in a tropical forest? Why are they called this? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________  Why are there fewer temperate rainforests than tropical rainforests? Where can we find temperate rainforests? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________  What country has both kinds of rainforests? ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________6. Click here to answer question number 6!  Watch the video and read through the webpage, then answer these questions.  What does the word “taiga” mean? What is it also known as? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________  What kind of trees makes up most of this biome? Have you seen any of these? Give examples. ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________7. Click here to answer question number 7!  Watch the video, and then click here to answer the questions.  How much of the world is covered in desert? What is the largest desert in the world? Can deserts be cold? __________________________________________________________________
  • 3. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________8. Click here to answer question number 8!  Click on the link above and answer the following questions about grasslands!  What is a grassland (prairie)? ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________  What are the differences and similarities between tropical and temperate grasslands? ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________  Why are grazing animals important? Burrowing animals? ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________9. Click here to answer question number 9!  Click the link above and learn some more about our planet’s oceans.  What kinds of factors change the oceans ecosystems? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________  How far does the sunlight penetrate? What percentage of marine life lives in this layer? What process do these creatures use to create food? __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________10. Click here to answer question number 10!  Play the game and test your knowledge on biomes!  If you could choose to live in any biome, which one would you pick? Tell me why, and include some more information about this biome. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ You’re done! Hooray!
  • 4. Biomes Picture: http://classic.globe.gov/fsl/projectsimages/bi Web Quest Answer Key 1. -A biome is a large region of the world with similar plants, animals, and other living things that are adapted to the climate and other conditions. -Ecosystems are the interactions between the living things and the nonliving things in a place. In an ecosystem, the plants, animals, and other organisms rely on each other and on the physical environment – the soil, water, and nutrients, for example. -Answers may vary. Ecosystems are often much smaller than biomes, and a biome is composed of many different ecosystems. 2. There are six main biomes. Rainforest, desert, taiga, deciduous forest, grassland, and tundra. 3. The tundra is located at the top of the world – near the North Pole. -Permafrost, or permanent ice, leaves the soil frozen over, preventing things from growing. Permafrost doesn’t melt. 4. Deciduous means “falling off or out of a certain season.” This explains why leaves fall off of trees when winter comes. -Deciduous forests are located all over the world, mainly on the East Coast of the United States, Europe, and regions of China and Japan. -Deciduous forests contain trees such as Oak trees, Maple, Chestnut, Elm, and Walnut trees. -Yes, there are four distinct seasons in deciduous forests. In fall, the leaves change their color and lose their leaves in winter. 5. Answers may vary. Tropical rainforests are located close to the equator, while temperate rainforests lie in coastal areas. Both types of forests are endangered. -The four layers found in a tropical rainforest are: 1) the top (emergent) layer, 2) the second (canopy) layer, 3) the third (understorey) layer, and 4) the fourth (forest floor) layer. -There are fewer temperate rainforests because they are only found in few coastal areas, such as the Pacific coast of Canada and the USA, Scotland, Norway, etc. -Both types of rainforests can be found in Australia! 6. The word taiga means “swampy, moist forest.” It is also known as the Boreal forest. -Trees seen in the taiga are fir trees, pine, birch, and aspen. 7. About 1/5 of the world is covered in desert. The largest desert in the world is Antarctica. Deserts can definitely be cold! Cold deserts have short, moist and moderately warm summers, and long cold winters like one could expect in Antarctica. 8. A grassland is a grassy, windy, partly-dry biome, a sea of grass. Almost one-fourth of the Earths land area is grassland. In many areas, grasslands separate forests from deserts. -Tropical grasslands are hot all year with wet seasons that bring torrential rains (sometimes called savannas). Temperate grasslands have hot summers and cold winters.
  • 5. -Grazing animals are important because they eat the vegetation on the grasslands.Burrowing animals hide from predators and provide a food source for other animals.9. -There are many different ecosystems within the ocean depending on conditions such as the water temperature, the amount of sunlight that filters through the water, and the amount of nutrients. Sunlight penetrates up to 656 feet underwater. About 90% of marine life lives within this range. These creatures use photosynthesis to create food.10. Answers very depending on student.