THE USE OF
ON
THOUGHTS

           ANALOGIES
IN UNDERSTANDING AND SOLVING

COMPLEX
PROBLEMS,
MUTHAFUCKAZ         Lucas Riz...
ANALOGY
Colour : Spectrum :: Tone : _____
Colour : Spectrum :: Tone : Scale
Worship : Sacrifice :: Prediction : ______
Worship : Sacrifice :: Prediction : Augury
KINDA
        metaphor
        simile
        allegory
        parable
analogy
 fundamental
 mechanism
 of thought
COMPLEX
NOT
REALLY execution time
        space requirements
        compressability
        state probability
COMPLICATED
COMPLEX SYSTEMS
disorganized
 lots of parts

organized
 emergence
COMPLEX PROBLEMS
connections
 nothing simple

large scale
 great benefit
 and risk
mo’ problems
 e.g. environment

need ingenuity
 smart solutions
Quantity →




                      Ingenuity
                      available
             Time →
Quantity →




                      Ingenuity
                       required
                                  Ingenuity...
Ingenuity gap
Quantity →




                      Ingenuity
                       required
                             ...
USE OF ANALOGIES TO
UNDERSTAND AND SOLVE
PROBLEMS
“IT’S LIKE…”
NOW YOU TRY IT
n !
              le
         s to
        : t!
      le hi
     p s
    m h
   a O
Ex
Tumour
Radioactive
 Ray Gun
IT’S
       intuitive
       intelligible
       inexpensive
       interdisciplinary
ANALOGY IS MISLEADING
SERIES
OF TUBES
“If you can’t say it
clearly, you don’t
understand it
yourself.”
info ain’t physical
 why the shelves?

new interaction
 search, tags…
INTANGIBLES
limits of mind
 generalization
 is weakness
embodied
 abstract notions
 in concrete terms
IMAGE CREDITS
ALL IMAGES USED WITHOUT PERMISSION                                                                          ...
MORE CREDITS
ALL GOOD IDEAS WERE SOMEONE ELSE’S
ALL BAD IDEAS TOO




                                     Analogies taken...
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz
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Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz

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We need to be able to solve a great number of problems that are very hard to understand. One way in which we can build an understanding of these is through analogy. There are situations in which analogies can be a powerful way of building an accurate conceptual model of a problem or system. They can help provide the ingenuity necessary to solve today's difficult problems. However, analogies can be themselves problematic, even harmful. There may also be things so intangible that they are beyond human understanding.

From the Un-Distinguished Lecture Series (http://ws.cs.ubc.ca/~udls/). The talk was given Jun. 13, 2008.

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Transcript of "Thoughts on the use of Analogies in Understanding and Solving Complex Problems, Muthafuckaz"

  1. 1. THE USE OF ON THOUGHTS ANALOGIES IN UNDERSTANDING AND SOLVING COMPLEX PROBLEMS, MUTHAFUCKAZ Lucas Rizoli • 2008-08-13
  2. 2. ANALOGY
  3. 3. Colour : Spectrum :: Tone : _____
  4. 4. Colour : Spectrum :: Tone : Scale
  5. 5. Worship : Sacrifice :: Prediction : ______
  6. 6. Worship : Sacrifice :: Prediction : Augury
  7. 7. KINDA metaphor simile allegory parable
  8. 8. analogy fundamental mechanism of thought
  9. 9. COMPLEX
  10. 10. NOT REALLY execution time space requirements compressability state probability
  11. 11. COMPLICATED
  12. 12. COMPLEX SYSTEMS
  13. 13. disorganized lots of parts organized emergence
  14. 14. COMPLEX PROBLEMS
  15. 15. connections nothing simple large scale great benefit and risk
  16. 16. mo’ problems e.g. environment need ingenuity smart solutions
  17. 17. Quantity → Ingenuity available Time →
  18. 18. Quantity → Ingenuity required Ingenuity available Time →
  19. 19. Ingenuity gap Quantity → Ingenuity required Ingenuity available Time →
  20. 20. USE OF ANALOGIES TO UNDERSTAND AND SOLVE PROBLEMS
  21. 21. “IT’S LIKE…”
  22. 22. NOW YOU TRY IT
  23. 23. n ! le s to : t! le hi p s m h a O Ex
  24. 24. Tumour
  25. 25. Radioactive Ray Gun
  26. 26. IT’S intuitive intelligible inexpensive interdisciplinary
  27. 27. ANALOGY IS MISLEADING
  28. 28. SERIES OF TUBES
  29. 29. “If you can’t say it clearly, you don’t understand it yourself.”
  30. 30. info ain’t physical why the shelves? new interaction search, tags…
  31. 31. INTANGIBLES
  32. 32. limits of mind generalization is weakness
  33. 33. embodied abstract notions in concrete terms
  34. 34. IMAGE CREDITS ALL IMAGES USED WITHOUT PERMISSION [Karl Duncker] MANY AVAILABLE UNDER CREATIVE COMMONS http://www.yuanlizhuang.com/pic/duncker.jpg [Screenshot of quot;Starcraftquot;] http://planetstarcraft.gamespy.com/screenshots/full_res.php?ss=100 [Douglas Hofstadter] Bike Wheel by Will Pate http://www.nndb.com/people/990/000023921/Hofstadter2.jpg http://flickr.com/photos/willpate/19968404/ Clock- Simplicity vs. Complexity by Aaron Geller Magic Greenhouse by Ian-S http://flickr.com/photos/aarongeller/360135019/ http://flickr.com/photos/ian-s/1093732536/ My Blood by Mussels Netting by oberazzi (Tim O'Brien) http://flickr.com/photos/mussels/1445354267/ http://flickr.com/photos/oberazzi/2044470902/ Mecca Visit June 2008 - 10 by Ammar Abd Rabbo Senator Ted Stevens http://flickr.com/photos/21499556@N04/2568932694/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ted_Stevens.jpg Super Typhoon Cimaron Image by Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Rapid Response Team, Goddard Space Flight Classic Mickey Mouse Wallpaper Center (NASA) [via pingnews.com] http://www.disneyexperience.com/downloads/wallpapers/mickeystar_1600.jpg http://flickr.com/photos/pingnews/298165549/ [John Searle] [Warren Weaver] http://globetrotter.berkeley.edu/people/Searle/images/Searle3.jpg http://osulibrary.oregonstate.edu/specialcollections/coll/pauling/blood/pictures/people/people-weaver.jpg Apple Macintosh Desktop AIDS is Burning Up Africa by A L E M U S H http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Apple_Macintosh_Desktop.png http://flickr.com/photos/zerihoun/230182039/ [David Weinberger] Time to Fill Up by JoshMcConnell http://yuiblog.com/assets/weinberger.jpg http://flickr.com/photos/joshmcconnell/423630499/ Deep Space (courtesy of NASA) by John Griffiths Jökulsárlón [Glacier] by Pétur Gauti http://flickr.com/photos/indieflickr/568374062/ http://flickr.com/photos/peturgauti/1642076217/ E8 Detail by jared [James Burke] http://flickr.com/photos/generated/2056145757/ http://www.oswego.edu/news/images/large/jamesburkeweb.jpg Dice Another Day by topher76 [Thomas Homer-Dixon] http://flickr.com/photos/topher76/293277608/ http://www.wordsworthbooks.com/homerdixon_thomas.-newjpg.jpg Hourglasses by Shannon Hosmer [UA232 Post-crash] http://flickr.com/photos/51955798@N00/1462117687/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:UA232postcrash.jpg [Alexis de Tocqueville] [Geordi La Forge and Wesley Crusher investigate a mysterious radiation burn of unknown origin. (TNG: quot;A http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Alexis_de_tocqueville.jpg Matter of Perspectivequot;)] http://www.memory-alpha.org/en/wiki/Image:Deck39RadiationBurn.jpg System X - Xserve G5 supercomputing cluster by CipherSwarm http://flickr.com/photos/cipherswarm/2414578731/ [Geordi La Forge with Engineering scanner (TNG: quot;Tin Manquot;) (screen capture by Jörg)] http://www.ex-astris-scientia.org/inconsistencies/props/scanner1-scanner-tinman.jpg Airline Tele-Dial Radio by The Rocketeer http://flickr.com/photos/kt/249301268/ [Brian Butler] http://psyc.queensu.ca/faculty/butler/brian.jpg Adam Resurrected [Jeff Goldblum] by Howie_Berlin http://flickr.com/photos/howie_berlin/385039799/
  35. 35. MORE CREDITS ALL GOOD IDEAS WERE SOMEONE ELSE’S ALL BAD IDEAS TOO Analogies taken from the ETS GRE Sample Analogies http://www.ets.org/portal/site/ets/menuitem.1488512ecfd5b8849a77b13bc3921509/ Apologies to Jeff Goldblum. I love your work, man. Apologies to y'all muthafukaz too. You know you're not.
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