Transcendenalism Power Point

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This is not my ppt. but haven't been able to find the author. Great information about the Transcendentalist Movement

This is not my ppt. but haven't been able to find the author. Great information about the Transcendentalist Movement

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  • 1. The AmericanTranscendental Movement
  • 2. Earliest American Literature to the Romantic Era Earliest Literature to 1800: Native Americans Puritan and Colonial Literature American Romanticism (1800 – 1860)
  • 3. History of Romanticism (1800-1830)A number of changing attitudesrelated to a sense of nationalism—adevotion to one’s nation orpatriotism—not a philosophy yet
  • 4. •The romantics’ emphasis on the individualreflects the political ideal set forth in theDeclaration of Independence that “all menare created equal.”•This new emphasis leads to a new focuson the dignity and worth of the commonindividual and to social reforms that weremeant to fulfill this ideal of equality.
  • 5. Romantic Literature and Attitudes:Romantics were mostly interested in theexpression of their own intuitiveexperiences.
  • 6. Subjects characteristic of Romantic attitudes: •NATURE •THE PAST •THE INNER WORLD OF HUMAN NATURE
  • 7. Subjects characteristic of Romantic attitudes:•NATURE: Romantics emphasized the beauty,strangeness, and the mystery of nature. As opposed tothe rational laws of the realists/rationalists •They saw nature not as a machine, but as an organic process, constantly developing and changing. • They placed emphasis on the organic connection between the human imagination and the natural world. • The mystery and grandeur of the vast and still unknown land were part of their heritage and a powerful influence on their imaginations.
  • 8. Subjects characteristic of Romantic attitudes:THE PAST:The rise of nationalism brought with it a new interest inthe American past.American literature gradually developed a sense of anational past and of an emerging national character.
  • 9. Subjects characteristic of Romantic attitudes:THE INNER WORLD OF HUMAN NATURE:Romantics emphasized the emotions, intuition, and theindividual and thus encouraged the exploration and theexpression of the writer’s most private inner being.Romantic writers became interested in the irrational depthsof human nature.
  • 10. The American Romantic writers hadfound in Romanticism a new way of expressing their experiences as Americans. In this process, they expressed the nationalistic spirit of the age and created a truly significant national literature.
  • 11. Significant Romantic WritersThe Transcendentalists: Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) Walt Whitman (1819-1892)The Brahmin Poets: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807- 1882) James Russell Lowell (1819-1891) Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894) John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892) Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)Dark Romantics/Anti-Transcendentalists: Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864) Herman Melville (1819-1891) Edgar Allan Poe (1809- 1849)
  • 12. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•Chiefly an attitude toward humans, nature andthe world.•The term came from the German philosopherImmannuel Kant.•He wrote the Critique of Practical Reason(1788)—to him transcendental meant theknowledge or understanding a person gainsintuitively, although it lies beyond direct physicalexperience.
  • 13. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They had a sense of intense individualism and self-reliance
  • 14. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They had a sense of intense individualism and self-reliance•They believed in the unity of God and the world
  • 15. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They had a sense of intense individualism and self-reliance•They believed in the unity of God and the world•They felt the real truths lay outside the experienceof the senses, residing instead in the “over-soul—auniversal benign ominipresnce . . . A God known tomen only in moments of mystic enthusiasm, whosevisitations leave them altered, self-reliant andpurified of petty aims.”
  • 16. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They revered nature and its relationship tohumanity.•They had a philosophy of individualism, simplicity,and passive resistance to injustice.•Many maintained a positive, optimistic, or rosyview of life.•They focused their attention on the human spirit.
  • 17. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They revered nature and its relationship tohumanity.
  • 18. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They revered nature and its relationship tohumanity.•They had a philosophy of individualism, simplicity,and passive resistance to injustice.
  • 19. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They revered nature and its relationship tohumanity.•They had a philosophy of individualism, simplicity,and passive resistance to injustice.•Many maintained a positive, optimistic, or rosyview of life.
  • 20. Characteristics of Transcendentalists:•They revered nature and its relationship tohumanity.•They had a philosophy of individualism, simplicity,and passive resistance to injustice.•Many maintained a positive, optimistic, or rosyview of life.•They focused their attention on the human spirit.