1. By: Christine Purefoy, tisha Park,nataliah Brown and armani hinnant
2. The Harlem Renaissance started around the 1920’sduring the reconstruction of the country after the civilwar. The Harlem Renaissance brought life to people,and mostly African Americans that were going throughoppression at the time. African American dance began to flourish in theHarlem section of New York City. African Americanswere encouraged to embrace their culture andheritage. It gave them a new way to expressthemselves. This new era was called the “New NegroMovement.”
3. During the “New Negro Movement” a lot of uniquemusic came about that really inspired the people tolive their life despite all the struggles they were facing. Jazz and Blues were the main structure of all musicfor the Harlem Renaissance. Famous jazz musicianslike; Billie Holiday, Duke Ellington, and LouisArmstrong paved the way for all future jazz musicians. Jazz is composed primarily of brass instruments andwas considered the symbol of the South.
4. Instruments had different meaning and could onlybe in position of certain people. For instance thepiano it was considered a wealthy instrument. Instruments that African Americans were allowedto use consisted of the basic instrument like;trumpets, saxophones, trombone, and doublebass.
5. There were different types of dances like theshimmy, the jitterbug, the Charleston, the lindyhop, and the cakewalk.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=90TzDXjWTdohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ahoJReiCaPk
6. Famous dancers from the Harlem Renaissance likeJosephine Baker and Bill “Bojangles” Robinsons madedancing very unique and creative. Josephine Baker started dancing around the 1920’s.Her type of style of dancing made way for the differenttypes of dances of today. Bill “Bojangles” Robinsons was known for how fast hisfeet moved, thus audiences giving him the nick name.His most popular dance he did was the jitterbug.
7. 1. Music and dance was a major part of the harlem renaissance, it was the major center of night life. This is is wheremajority of black embrace net happened. The music and dance was what got America interested in what blacks cancontribute to society. The Harlem area served as a major cultural capital of black America. Major influences on musicand dance would be Josephine Baker, Billy Bojangles Robinson, Adelaide Hall, Ada Ward, Ethel Waters etc. Thesepeople proved that blacks too can portray great talents and that blacks have way more to offer than being servants.Performers gravitated New York at this time and firmly established as the Mecca for black entertainment. Otherinfluences like Duke Ellington, he was one of the most important of the whole Harlem Renaissance Era. He was agreat pianist and an excellent musician overall and definitely shaped the performance part of this rebirth of fine arts.Music like jazz and blues were very popular and dances like bop or the Charleston are what made up manyperformances of the era. Music and Dance, at this time, overall gave America something to appreciate blacks more. Itwas a international phenomenon for blacks and performing arts today would be nothing without this revival of theHarlem Renaissance 2. Some of the major performers of this era are Josephine Baker, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, and Billie Holiday.Josephine Baker performed very comical acts. Josephine Baker continued to have an affect on the world even afterher death on April 12,1975. A film called The Josephine Baker story was created; it was so good that it received fiveEmmy awards and three golden globe awards. Bill "Bojangles" Robinson was a famous tap dancer during the HarlemRenaissance. Bojangles took apart in many organizations and donated over one million dollars to charities. Heinfluenced young children to tap dance. A club called Copasetic was created in his honor so his legacy can live on.Billie holiday was an amazing jazz singer. She was one of the first African American singers to work with a whiteorchestra. She influenced many singers who followed in her footsteps.3.African American music and dance began to flourish in Harlem. This African American cultural movement inspired toshow their past through music and dance. Old negro spirituals would shine through. African American during theHarlem Renaissance were afraid of what the white people would to them. It redefined African American expression.4. Music and dance influence the American society, because it helped a lot of people that were going throughoppression and needed a way to cope with everything thats going on. Music and dance inspired people to make achange in theirs lives, it helped African Americans to express all the struggle theyve been going through, the pain theyfelt in the 90s and even from slavery. The music that was sung during the Harlem renaissance express the journeythat all African Americans were going through trying to live a happy life in America. Dance was a major factor thatinfluence the American society, because dance showed a visual of what life was really like at that time, and howAfrican Americans were dealing with the situation.
8. "Harlem Renaissance." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2011.Web. 20 May2011.<http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/309728?terms=harlem+renaissance>. "The Official Josephine Baker Website." The Official Josephine BakerWebsite. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. "American Tap Dance Foundation." American Tap Dance Foundation. N.p.,n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. "Swing Dancing." Swing Dancing. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. "89.01.05: The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance onSociety." 89.01.05: The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance onSociety. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.
9. "Harlem Renaissance." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2011.Web. 20 May2011.<http://worldhistory.abcclio.com/Search/Display/309728?terms=harlem+renaissance>. "The Official Josephine Baker Website." The Official Josephine BakerWebsite. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. "American Tap Dance Foundation." American Tap Dance Foundation. N.p.,n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. "Swing Dancing." Swing Dancing. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013. "89.01.05: The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance onSociety." 89.01.05: The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance onSociety. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Feb. 2013.