“The Emancipation Proclamation”• Emancipation ended slavery, but not its legacy.• Abraham Lincoln issued it but at first his main concern was tosave the Union.• “Central Act of my administration, greatest event in 19thcentury
“The Amendments”• Designed to grant citizenship to and protect thecivil liberties of freed slaves. (14th)• 13th , 14th, and 15th amendments
Not exactly.Jim Crow Era(1876-mid 1960s)• Jim Crow was the name of the racial castesystem which operated primarily, but notexclusively in southern and border states.• Not just a series of anti-black laws, but a wayof life.
“The Great Migration”• Estimated 5 million blacks migrated from the south.• Whites in the South feared that blacks would migrate to the North• Opened a new beginning for blacks.• Blacks saw the exodus as a fulfillment of God’s promise.
“The National Association for the Advancementof Colored People” (NAACP) and The Crisis• Formed to help blacks start a new life andfought for equality.• Organized local branches.• Created The Crisis magazine.• W.E.B Du Bois.
“Red Summer”• The Summer of 1919 saw a National racial frenzy of clashes,massacres, and lynching.• Blacks fought back.• Mini civil war
“The Harlem Renaissance”• During this period Harlem was the Mecca towhich black writers, artists, musicians,photographers, poets, and scholars traveled.”