Harlem Renaissance Music CPPresentation Transcript
“If its too loud, youre too old!” — Barrythemod
The Major Influences in Music• Many African American migrated to the north because theywanted to escape oppression from the south this was known as theGreat Migration. From this migration came the music styles ofBlues.• The migration led to the rise of the African Americans middleclass.• This began after world war I when many African American wherecoming back from the world looking for jobs.• Another reason for their migration was because the northerneconomy was better than the south. The industrial jobs werenumerous, and factory owners looked for sources of cheap labor.• Blues is a style of music that evolved from southern African-American secular songs and is usually distinguished by a strong4/4 rhythm, flatted thirds and sevenths, a 12-bar structure, andlyrics in a three-line stanza in which the second line repeats thefirst:.
Major Performers & Contributions• Billie Holiday (Lady Day) (1915-1959) was a socialphenomenon, started her career as a teen and at 18 began toproduce original music. She was one of the first black womento work with a white orchestra. She pioneered a new way ofmanipulating phrasing and tempo.• Louis Armstrong (1901-1971) was the most famous during theHarlem Renaissance era, played all around New Orleans. Movedto Chicago to grow and develop in his band Creole Jazz Band,two years later moved to New York and played with FletcherHenderson Orchestra, played all round the city includingBroadway. He used a pop song and interpreted it through jazz.Setting the stage for acceptance of jazz music in the future.
• The Cotton Club was one of the most popular socialclubs, established in the 1920’s. Only white patrons wereallowed to lounge and party. African Americans wereallowed to only perform or work as waiters.•Legends who had a career at the Cotton Club gig were,Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway, Count Basie, BillieHoliday, Nat King Cole, Ella Fitzgerald and JosephineBaker.Social Club
Rent Party• Rent parties were social occasions where tenantshired a musician or band to play. They then wouldpass a hat around the room, to raise money to payfor their rent, while also having a good time.• Musicians associated with these rent parties, whereSpeckled Red, James P. Johnson, Willie "the Lion"Smith, and Fats Waller.• Mainly played music styles of jazz, bluesand folk. Dance was the Charleston.• Happened after midnight in houses.
• During the Harlemrenaissance, music anddance flourished.• Genres like blues, jazzand scat singing cameout of this time period.Harlem Renaissance Music• Major artist who influencedmusic during the Harlemrenaissance, were JosephineBaker and Billy “Bonjangles”Robinson.
Harlem Renaissance Music influence inAmerican society• The United States was changed bymany different cultural influences.It was shown by various behaviorchanges, the way people thought,and in how they perceived life.• Whites thought that AfricanAmericans were incapable ofproducing music, but through themusic styles of Louis Armstrongand other African Americans, theirviews changed. This gave theAfrican Americans more respectand opportunities during this era.
References• Ercina Garcia, Erica Messmer, Caryn Monta, and Kristina Odumes “HarlemEntertainment”. afamstud.intrasun.tcnj.edu n.d. Web. 20nd February 2013• “The Harlem Renaissance”. ushistory.org n.d. Web. 21st February 2013• “Importance of Music, Art, and Dance”. Elements of the Movements.home.wlu.edu n.d. Web. 22th February 2013• “Harlem Renaissance”. BIO Classroom. n.d. biography.com Web. 20thFebruary 2013• “Harlem Art”. Harlem World. harlemworldmag.com est. 2003. Web. 19thFebruary 2013• “The Great Migration and North Carolina”. NCPEDIA. ncpedia.org Spring2006. Web. 22nd February 2013• Sarah E. Johnson “The Artists Influences”. Why Literature ChangedDuring The Harlem Renaissance. education.ed.pacificu.edu 23rdOctober 2002. Web. 18th February 2013• Irving Arts Center “An Introduction to The Harlem Renaissnace”irvingartscenter.com 2009-2010. Web. 20th February 2013• Tod Olon “Harlem Renaissasnce: Aftermidnight” scholastics.com/harlem-renaissance-after-midnight n.d. Web. 21st February 2013
“A real leader faces the music, even if he doesntlike the tune."— AnonBy: Yaridis Rodriguez, Anggie Luna,Katherine Luna, Edwin Torres