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    Harlem Renaissance Music and Dance Harlem Renaissance Music and Dance Presentation Transcript

    • Music in the HarlemMusic in the HarlemRenaissanceRenaissanceBy: Katherine AndradeBy: Katherine AndradeQuamir AyalaQuamir AyalaHezekiah CrockettHezekiah CrockettCynthia MilfrancCynthia Milfranc
    • A New BeginningA New BeginningThe word Renaissance is a period of rebirth involving art and literature,The word Renaissance is a period of rebirth involving art and literature,in the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries.in the fourteenth through sixteenth centuries.Immense amounts of poverty, and illness brought devastation to upperImmense amounts of poverty, and illness brought devastation to upperManhattan. African-Americans had the idea to unite together andManhattan. African-Americans had the idea to unite together andredefine their culture.redefine their culture.The era of music enhancement and the opening of the African-The era of music enhancement and the opening of the African-American culture was known as the Harlem Renaissance.American culture was known as the Harlem Renaissance.A new beginning for all African-American poets, musicians, actors, andA new beginning for all African-American poets, musicians, actors, andartists to bring a change into NYC. The opportunity to bring amazingartists to bring a change into NYC. The opportunity to bring amazingsounds of Jazz and blues, in which began The Harlemsounds of Jazz and blues, in which began The HarlemRenaissance.Renaissance.
    • Music Influence on the HarlemMusic Influence on the HarlemRenaissanceRenaissanceThe Harlem Renaissance was influenced by theThe Harlem Renaissance was influenced by theAfrican-Americans. African-American cultureAfrican-Americans. African-American culturewas soon to explode into a strong community.was soon to explode into a strong community.The intellectual beings that brought talent andThe intellectual beings that brought talent andwisdom to Harlem, later expanded themselveswisdom to Harlem, later expanded themselvesinto becoming famous artists.into becoming famous artists.African-Americans brought change into the whiteAfrican-Americans brought change into the whitesocieties, and for once, were independent andsocieties, and for once, were independent andwilling to be viewed differently by America.willing to be viewed differently by America.
    • African-American LegendsAfrican-American LegendsDuke Ellington(1899-1974)Duke Ellington(1899-1974)One of the major performers in the Harlem RenaissanceOne of the major performers in the Harlem Renaissancewas Edward Kennedy also known as “Duke Ellington.”was Edward Kennedy also known as “Duke Ellington.”Ellington was a music composer, pianist, band leader,Ellington was a music composer, pianist, band leader,and the 20and the 20ththcenturies best known artist. He achievedcenturies best known artist. He achievedthirteen Grammy awards from the years of 1959-2000.thirteen Grammy awards from the years of 1959-2000.The many awards he earned were for Best JazzThe many awards he earned were for Best JazzInstrumental Performance and Best Jazz Performance.Instrumental Performance and Best Jazz Performance.Some of his hit songs wereSome of his hit songs were Mood Indigo(1931Mood Indigo(1931),), It Don’tIt Don’tMean aMean a ThingThing(1932), and(1932), and Cocktails forCocktails for TwoTwo(1934).(1934).Ellington’s contributions to the era of the HarlemEllington’s contributions to the era of the HarlemRenaissance were enormous. He brought his ownRenaissance were enormous. He brought his owndistinctive, creative style of music into a opening for thedistinctive, creative style of music into a opening for thewhites and blacks to be united through music.whites and blacks to be united through music.
    •  Billie Holiday (Lady Day) is knownBillie Holiday (Lady Day) is knownfor jazz and jazz genre singing. Atfor jazz and jazz genre singing. Atthe age of 18 Billie was spotted bythe age of 18 Billie was spotted byJohn Hammond and received her firstJohn Hammond and received her firstrecord as part of a studio group ledrecord as part of a studio group ledby Benny Goodman. Billie Holidayby Benny Goodman. Billie Holidayachieved 12 Grammy awards in herachieved 12 Grammy awards in hercareer. Most of her awards were forcareer. Most of her awards were forHall of Fame. Some of her hit songsHall of Fame. Some of her hit songswerewere SolitudeSolitude,, God Bless the ChildGod Bless the Child,,andand Strange FruitStrange Fruit .. A accomplishment from Billie HolidayA accomplishment from Billie Holidaywas to be one of the first blackwas to be one of the first blackwomen to work with a whitewomen to work with a whiteorchestra.orchestra. A contribution of Billie Holiday was toA contribution of Billie Holiday was tosing towards audiences aboutsing towards audiences aboutracism, and it brought the messageracism, and it brought the messageof stopping dangerous acts towardsof stopping dangerous acts towardsblacks.blacks.Billie Holiday(1915-1959) & Louis Armstrong(1901-1971)Billie Holiday(1915-1959) & Louis Armstrong(1901-1971) Louis Armstrong, was one of theLouis Armstrong, was one of themost famous from the Harlemmost famous from the HarlemRenaissance. Armstrong beganRenaissance. Armstrong beganto perform with bands in smallto perform with bands in smallclubs. He would play atclubs. He would play atfunerals, or even in parades infunerals, or even in parades inNew Orleans. In 1929, he madeNew Orleans. In 1929, he madehis first appearance on thehis first appearance on theBroadway stage. In hisBroadway stage. In hisrecording ofrecording of Ain’t Misbehavin,Ain’t Misbehavin,he had originally used a pophe had originally used a popsong, however, he interpreted itsong, however, he interpreted itthrough jazz. Armstrong wonthrough jazz. Armstrong wonseven Grammy awards andseven Grammy awards andsome of his hits weresome of his hits were All of me,All of me,Body, and SoulBody, and Soul andand MuskratMuskratRumble.Rumble. A major contribution that LouisA major contribution that LouisArmstrong brought to cultureArmstrong brought to culturewas his method of “scatwas his method of “scatsinging.”singing.”
    • Music becomes a part of African-AmericanMusic becomes a part of African-AmericanLivesLivesMusic was very important to African-Americans duringMusic was very important to African-Americans duringthe early 1900’s. Music was mostly noticed by whitethe early 1900’s. Music was mostly noticed by whitemusicians. It was the moment for the black culture tomusicians. It was the moment for the black culture toexpress themselves, and their music. African-Americansexpress themselves, and their music. African-Americanshad struggled through slavery and racism that this washad struggled through slavery and racism that this wasthe opportunity to rise among the whites and show themthe opportunity to rise among the whites and show themtheir true talents. Great examples of this within time weretheir true talents. Great examples of this within time wereEllington, and Armstrong whom both had broken musicEllington, and Armstrong whom both had broken musichistory charts for years. Music had opened doors forhistory charts for years. Music had opened doors formany African-Americans to be free of racism, and bemany African-Americans to be free of racism, and beable to share their thoughts of music.able to share their thoughts of music.
    • Music influences upon AmericanMusic influences upon AmericanSocietySocietyAfrican-Americans were so shunned out in theirAfrican-Americans were so shunned out in theirmusic that the Harlem Renaissance reallymusic that the Harlem Renaissance reallybrought a huge impact into their lives, and thebrought a huge impact into their lives, and theAmerican Society. Music was the only way theAmerican Society. Music was the only way theAfrican-Americans could show their soul andAfrican-Americans could show their soul andpassion of something they truly enjoyed. Whenpassion of something they truly enjoyed. Whenblack artists such as Ellington, Billie Holiday, andblack artists such as Ellington, Billie Holiday, andArmstrong were noticed for their talents, moreArmstrong were noticed for their talents, moreopportunities arose for the whole Americanopportunities arose for the whole AmericanSociety. If the Harlem Renaissance neverSociety. If the Harlem Renaissance neverexisted, their would not be famous legends, likeexisted, their would not be famous legends, likeMichael Jackson and Marvin Gaye.Michael Jackson and Marvin Gaye.
    • Strange Fruit -Strange Fruit - Billie HolidayBillie Holidayhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Web007rzSOhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Web007rzSO- Strange fruit refers to the racism going on with African-- Strange fruit refers to the racism going on with African-Americans. More specifically describing the lynching ofAmericans. More specifically describing the lynching ofAfrican-Americans.African-Americans.““Southern trees bear strange fruitSouthern trees bear strange fruitBlood on the leaves and blood at the rootBlood on the leaves and blood at the rootBlack bodies swinging in the southern breezeBlack bodies swinging in the southern breezeStrange fruit hanging from the poplar trees.”Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees.”
    • Works CitiedWorks Citied1.”Welcome to The Harlem Renaissance.”1.”Welcome to The Harlem Renaissance.” The Harlem RenaissanceThe Harlem Renaissance..Historyoftheharlemrenaissance.weebly.com. Phylicia and Sari, June 2011. Web. 25Historyoftheharlemrenaissance.weebly.com. Phylicia and Sari, June 2011. Web. 25 FebruaryFebruary2013.2013.2. Loveleena Rajeev. “Famous Musicians of the Harlem Renaissance.”2. Loveleena Rajeev. “Famous Musicians of the Harlem Renaissance.”http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-musicians-of-the-harlem-renaissance.html. 6http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-musicians-of-the-harlem-renaissance.html. 6 JulyJuly2012. 25 February 2013.2012. 25 February 2013.3.”Harlem Renaissance.”3.”Harlem Renaissance.” Harlem Renaissance.Harlem Renaissance.http://www.biography.com/tv/classroom/harlem-renaissance. (n.d.) Web. 26 Februaryhttp://www.biography.com/tv/classroom/harlem-renaissance. (n.d.) Web. 26 February 2013.2013.4.”Jazz Was the Sound of Harlem Renaissance!”4.”Jazz Was the Sound of Harlem Renaissance!” Harlem Renaissance Music in the 1920’s.Harlem Renaissance Music in the 1920’s. JesseJesseBoland. Web. 23 February 2013.Boland. Web. 23 February 2013.5. Kenneth B.Hillard.5. Kenneth B.Hillard. ““ The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance on Society.”The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance on Society.” Yale-NewYale-NewHaven Teachers Institute.Haven Teachers Institute. 2013. Web. 24 February 2013.2013. Web. 24 February 2013.6. Evad. “Classic Colors: Harlem Renaissance.”6. Evad. “Classic Colors: Harlem Renaissance.”www.colourlovers.com/blog/2009/ol/16/classic-colors-harlem-renaissance. 16 Januarywww.colourlovers.com/blog/2009/ol/16/classic-colors-harlem-renaissance. 16 January 2009.2009.Web. 23 February 2013.Web. 23 February 2013.Images :Images :7. www.allposters.com/-sp/Louis-Armstrong-Posters_i5253105_.htm. (n.b.) Web. 26 February 2013.7. www.allposters.com/-sp/Louis-Armstrong-Posters_i5253105_.htm. (n.b.) Web. 26 February 2013.8. Mark Anthony Neal. 29 April. 2010. www.newblackman.blogspot.com Web. 27 February 2013.8. Mark Anthony Neal. 29 April. 2010. www.newblackman.blogspot.com Web. 27 February 2013.9. www.willtosurviverape.wordpress.com/tag/bilie-holiday/. (n.b.) Web. 27 February 2013.9. www.willtosurviverape.wordpress.com/tag/bilie-holiday/. (n.b.) Web. 27 February 2013.
    • Works CitiedWorks Citied1.”Welcome to The Harlem Renaissance.”1.”Welcome to The Harlem Renaissance.” The Harlem RenaissanceThe Harlem Renaissance..Historyoftheharlemrenaissance.weebly.com. Phylicia and Sari, June 2011. Web. 25Historyoftheharlemrenaissance.weebly.com. Phylicia and Sari, June 2011. Web. 25 FebruaryFebruary2013.2013.2. Loveleena Rajeev. “Famous Musicians of the Harlem Renaissance.”2. Loveleena Rajeev. “Famous Musicians of the Harlem Renaissance.”http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-musicians-of-the-harlem-renaissance.html. 6http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-musicians-of-the-harlem-renaissance.html. 6 JulyJuly2012. 25 February 2013.2012. 25 February 2013.3.”Harlem Renaissance.”3.”Harlem Renaissance.” Harlem Renaissance.Harlem Renaissance.http://www.biography.com/tv/classroom/harlem-renaissance. (n.d.) Web. 26 Februaryhttp://www.biography.com/tv/classroom/harlem-renaissance. (n.d.) Web. 26 February 2013.2013.4.”Jazz Was the Sound of Harlem Renaissance!”4.”Jazz Was the Sound of Harlem Renaissance!” Harlem Renaissance Music in the 1920’s.Harlem Renaissance Music in the 1920’s. JesseJesseBoland. Web. 23 February 2013.Boland. Web. 23 February 2013.5. Kenneth B.Hillard.5. Kenneth B.Hillard. ““ The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance on Society.”The Impact of the Music of the Harlem Renaissance on Society.” Yale-NewYale-NewHaven Teachers Institute.Haven Teachers Institute. 2013. Web. 24 February 2013.2013. Web. 24 February 2013.6. Evad. “Classic Colors: Harlem Renaissance.”6. Evad. “Classic Colors: Harlem Renaissance.”www.colourlovers.com/blog/2009/ol/16/classic-colors-harlem-renaissance. 16 Januarywww.colourlovers.com/blog/2009/ol/16/classic-colors-harlem-renaissance. 16 January 2009.2009.Web. 23 February 2013.Web. 23 February 2013.Images :Images :7. www.allposters.com/-sp/Louis-Armstrong-Posters_i5253105_.htm. (n.b.) Web. 26 February 2013.7. www.allposters.com/-sp/Louis-Armstrong-Posters_i5253105_.htm. (n.b.) Web. 26 February 2013.8. Mark Anthony Neal. 29 April. 2010. www.newblackman.blogspot.com Web. 27 February 2013.8. Mark Anthony Neal. 29 April. 2010. www.newblackman.blogspot.com Web. 27 February 2013.9. www.willtosurviverape.wordpress.com/tag/bilie-holiday/. (n.b.) Web. 27 February 2013.9. www.willtosurviverape.wordpress.com/tag/bilie-holiday/. (n.b.) Web. 27 February 2013.