History of Jazz•Jazz originated in the early 20thcentury in the United States.•Some say the word, “Jazz” was a slang term related to sexand romance, while others said it had its origins in theEnglish writers Geoffrey Chaucer and William Shakespeare.•Early roots of Jazz dancing originated from the AfricanAmerican Culture. Natives in Africa danced to celebrate thecycles of life; birth, puberty, etc.
Major Historical Influences• In the 1920s African American literature weremusic and dance and it began to flourish inHarlem.• This African American cultural movementbecame known as the "New Negro Movement"and later as the Harlem Renaissance.• This was more than a movement, the HarlemRenaissance was a way for African Americans toredefine themselves.
Charlie Christian• Benny Goodman was the firstwhite man to hire a black man,Charlie Christian to play theguitar.• This was a major influencebecause it broke the cycle of insociety of only white menperforming in clubs, ect.• After this many other men,African American men, beganperforming. Soon, society waslook upon in a whole newdifferent way.
Performers & Their ContributionsThere were many Performers in that era oneof the them was Duke Ellington.•Moved to NYC to start a band•Him and his band appeared in manyNightclubs and theaters, One of them beingCarnegie Hall•He is considered to be one of the greatestcomposers & Musicians
Performers &their contributions 2Louis Armstrong•Considered to be One of the greatest jazzplayers of all time•His first performance was at the age of 7•Louis influenced the harlem renaissnanceand played with the Fletcher Henderson Byband•He is knownto be the True King of Jazz
The cotton Club• The cottons club location during the harlemrenaissance era was 644 Lenox ave &14th street.• It opened 1920 and it was segregatedwhere only white patrons can enter theservice and entertainment was by blackentertainment• In the early years legendary jazz became apart of the cotton club
The Cotton Club performers• Many known jazz performers performedsuch as :• Duke Ellington, Cab callowway,BessieSmith, Billie Holiday, Nat King Cole,Ella Fitzgerald,• Today there is a new Cotton Club whichsits under the massive Manhattan Viaduct
Major Cultural Influences• The African Americans who made their way toHarlem during and after the First World War found apolitical and intellectual leader in W. E. B. Du Bois,who advocated a forceful, militant approach to thestruggle for black self-determination.• At the same time as these writers and artists launchedthe Harlem Renaissance, Harlem was full of otherimportant political and cultural activities.• Marcus Garvey: the leader of a Back to Africa, BlackNationalist movement centered in Harlem.• Jazz itself, formerly a music limited to an AfricanAmerican audience, became the dominant popularmusic of the 1920s, reaching a diverse audience thatincluded a good many urban—and, for that matter,even rural—white Americans.
Music & Dance in Renaissance• During the Harlem Renaissance, African Americans lovedmusic and dance. There were new types of dance and musicthat became significant to them, and changed many of theirlives. Music during this time was valuable to them, Jazz mostimportantly. African Americans came together at night clubslike the Savoy and Cotton Club to hear some of the jazzmusicians do their work. At night they went to the clubs,listened to the performers and danced all night.