The Harlem Renaissance
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The Harlem Renaissance

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The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance Presentation Transcript

  • The Harlem Renaissance
    United States History Unit
  • Definitions
    Renaissance:
    rebirth/renewal
    1920’s black cultural movement
    Harlem
    New York City
    Originally a white neighborhood
    Renaissance:
    rebirth/renewal
    1920’s black cultural movement
    Harlem
    New York City
    Originally a white neighborhood
  • The Great Migration
    End of Civil War- 1865
    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Bad southern economy
    Great Migration
    Migration of African Americans north
    7 million+
    End of Civil War- 1865
    Plessy v. Ferguson
    Bad southern economy
    Great Migration
    Migration of African Americans north
    7 million+
  • Harlem, NY
    Originally a white neighborhood
    1900-1920 population shift
    Black real estate agents
    White Flight
    “The Black Mecca”
    Originally a white neighborhood
    1900-1920 population shift
    Black real estate agents
    White Flight
    “The Black Mecca”
  • Headquarters in Harlem…
    National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    NAACP
    W. E. B. Du Bois
    Voting Rights
    National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    NAACP
    W. E. B. Du Bois
    Voting Rights
  • …Continued…
    “Back to Africa Movement”
    Marcus Garvey
    Come together
    Pride in race and heritage
    “Back to Africa Movement”
    Marcus Garvey
    Come together
    Pride in race and heritage
  • …Continued
    National Urban League
    NUL
    George Edmund Haynes
    Helped black migrants
    Trained workers
    Found jobs
    National Urban League
    NUL
    George Edmund Haynes
    Helped black migrants
    Trained workers
    Found jobs
  • Literature
    “Uplift” the race
    Modernism
    Jazz Poetry
    Langston Hughes
    Poetry, novels, playwright, columnist
    “Uplift” the race
    Modernism
    Jazz Poetry
    Langston Hughes
    Poetry, novels, playwright, columnist
  • Music
    Jazz
    Combined brass with piano
    Duke Ellington
    Poetry Conversion
    Blues, spirituals, jazz
    Jazz
    Combined brass with piano
    Duke Ellington
    Poetry Conversion
    Blues, spirituals, jazz
  • Art
    “Uplift” the race
    Wide variety
    Pan-Africanism
    Influences of slavery/racism
    Depiction of life
    Aaron Douglas- Abstract
    “Uplift” the race
    Wide variety
    Pan-Africanism
    Influences of slavery/racism
    Depiction of life
    Aaron Douglas- Abstract
  • “Harlem was in Vogue”
    Langston Hughes
    Source of community for black Americans
    White Americans
    Also entertained
    Speakeasies,
    Cotton Club, etc.
    Langston Hughes
    Source of community for black Americans
    White Americans
    Also entertained
    Speakeasies,
    Cotton Club, etc.
  • Class/Race
    Upper middle class African Americans
    All black neighborhood
    Integration
    Temporarily for entertainment
    Still separate spheres
    Races influenced each other
    Upper middle class African Americans
    All black neighborhood
    Integration
    Temporarily for entertainment
    Still separate spheres
    Races influenced each other
  • Controversy/Criticism
    Art- poor depiction of race?
    White entertainment
    Exotic
    Segregation
    Cotton Club
    Duke Ellington
    Art- poor depiction of race?
    White entertainment
    Exotic
    Segregation
    Cotton Club
    Duke Ellington
  • 1920s Overall
    “Roaring Twenties”
    Break with tradition
    Outpouring of culture in U.S.
    End of WWI
    “Lost Generation”
    Women
    “Roaring Twenties”
    Break with tradition
    Outpouring of culture in U.S.
    End of WWI
    “Lost Generation”
    Women
  • Conclusion
    End of the 1920s
    End of white fascination
    Great Depression
    Race Riots
    Long term influence
    Black cultural center
    End of the 1920s
    End of white fascination
    Great Depression
    Race Riots
    Long term influence
    Black cultural center
  • Picture Sources
    Black History Album, "The Cotton Club | Harlem, New York" August 17, 2008 via Flr, Creative Commons Attribution Non- Commercial No-Derivative.
    hyperion327, "Aspiration by Douglas" July 9, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share-Alike.
    The Library of Congress, "Portrait of Duke Ellington and Sonny Greer, Aquarium, New York, N.Y., ca. Nov. 1946" 1946 via Flickr, Public Domain.wornlimtv, "harlem 1930's on Vimeo by jonobsworth" August 25, 2010 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution No-Derivative.