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The Harlem Renaissance
 

The Harlem Renaissance

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    The Harlem Renaissance The Harlem Renaissance Presentation Transcript

    • The Harlem Renaissance
      United States History Unit
    • Definitions
      Renaissance:
      rebirth/renewal
      1920’s black cultural movement
      Harlem
      New York City
      Originally a white neighborhood
      Renaissance:
      rebirth/renewal
      1920’s black cultural movement
      Harlem
      New York City
      Originally a white neighborhood
    • The Great Migration
      End of Civil War- 1865
      Plessy v. Ferguson
      Bad southern economy
      Great Migration
      Migration of African Americans north
      7 million+
      End of Civil War- 1865
      Plessy v. Ferguson
      Bad southern economy
      Great Migration
      Migration of African Americans north
      7 million+
    • Harlem, NY
      Originally a white neighborhood
      1900-1920 population shift
      Black real estate agents
      White Flight
      “The Black Mecca”
      Originally a white neighborhood
      1900-1920 population shift
      Black real estate agents
      White Flight
      “The Black Mecca”
    • Headquarters in Harlem…
      National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
      NAACP
      W. E. B. Du Bois
      Voting Rights
      National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
      NAACP
      W. E. B. Du Bois
      Voting Rights
    • …Continued…
      “Back to Africa Movement”
      Marcus Garvey
      Come together
      Pride in race and heritage
      “Back to Africa Movement”
      Marcus Garvey
      Come together
      Pride in race and heritage
    • …Continued
      National Urban League
      NUL
      George Edmund Haynes
      Helped black migrants
      Trained workers
      Found jobs
      National Urban League
      NUL
      George Edmund Haynes
      Helped black migrants
      Trained workers
      Found jobs
    • Literature
      “Uplift” the race
      Modernism
      Jazz Poetry
      Langston Hughes
      Poetry, novels, playwright, columnist
      “Uplift” the race
      Modernism
      Jazz Poetry
      Langston Hughes
      Poetry, novels, playwright, columnist
    • Music
      Jazz
      Combined brass with piano
      Duke Ellington
      Poetry Conversion
      Blues, spirituals, jazz
      Jazz
      Combined brass with piano
      Duke Ellington
      Poetry Conversion
      Blues, spirituals, jazz
    • Art
      “Uplift” the race
      Wide variety
      Pan-Africanism
      Influences of slavery/racism
      Depiction of life
      Aaron Douglas- Abstract
      “Uplift” the race
      Wide variety
      Pan-Africanism
      Influences of slavery/racism
      Depiction of life
      Aaron Douglas- Abstract
    • “Harlem was in Vogue”
      Langston Hughes
      Source of community for black Americans
      White Americans
      Also entertained
      Speakeasies,
      Cotton Club, etc.
      Langston Hughes
      Source of community for black Americans
      White Americans
      Also entertained
      Speakeasies,
      Cotton Club, etc.
    • Class/Race
      Upper middle class African Americans
      All black neighborhood
      Integration
      Temporarily for entertainment
      Still separate spheres
      Races influenced each other
      Upper middle class African Americans
      All black neighborhood
      Integration
      Temporarily for entertainment
      Still separate spheres
      Races influenced each other
    • Controversy/Criticism
      Art- poor depiction of race?
      White entertainment
      Exotic
      Segregation
      Cotton Club
      Duke Ellington
      Art- poor depiction of race?
      White entertainment
      Exotic
      Segregation
      Cotton Club
      Duke Ellington
    • 1920s Overall
      “Roaring Twenties”
      Break with tradition
      Outpouring of culture in U.S.
      End of WWI
      “Lost Generation”
      Women
      “Roaring Twenties”
      Break with tradition
      Outpouring of culture in U.S.
      End of WWI
      “Lost Generation”
      Women
    • Conclusion
      End of the 1920s
      End of white fascination
      Great Depression
      Race Riots
      Long term influence
      Black cultural center
      End of the 1920s
      End of white fascination
      Great Depression
      Race Riots
      Long term influence
      Black cultural center
    • Picture Sources
      Black History Album, "The Cotton Club | Harlem, New York" August 17, 2008 via Flr, Creative Commons Attribution Non- Commercial No-Derivative.
      hyperion327, "Aspiration by Douglas" July 9, 2011 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share-Alike.
      The Library of Congress, "Portrait of Duke Ellington and Sonny Greer, Aquarium, New York, N.Y., ca. Nov. 1946" 1946 via Flickr, Public Domain.wornlimtv, "harlem 1930's on Vimeo by jonobsworth" August 25, 2010 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution No-Derivative.