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The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
The Rural-Urban Fringe
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The Rural-Urban Fringe

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  • 1. The Rural-Urban Fringe
  • 2. What is the rural-urban fringe?
    • It is the area where the city meets the countryside.
  • 3. Recently there has been increasing demand for land here because:
    • Land is cheaper
    • There is less traffic congestion and pollution
    • There is easier access and a better road infrastructure
    • There is a more pleasant environment with more open space
  • 4. What do developers want the land for?
    • Housing developments as urban sprawl continues
    • Science and business parks
    • Hyper-markets and superstores
    • Office developments
    • Hotels and conference centres
  • 5. Shopping Centres Why do they want to locate at the RUF? Room to expand Space for parking Cheap land Close to motorways Local suburban work force Leisure facilities can also be provided
  • 6. Housing
    • Why is housing built at the RUF?
    Land is cheap More housing is needed as more people are living alone and living longer. Peace and quiet Less crime Good access to countryside Easy access to motorways
  • 7. What are the problems caused by developing the RUF?
    • Large areas of countryside may be lost
    • Buildings may be out of character with existing rural buildings
    • Villages become suburbanised
    • Traffic is likely to increase ( both cars and lorries)
    • There may be some noise or pollution
    • NIMBYism
  • 8. How can change at the RUF be managed?
    • Creating ‘Green Belts’ – a zone of countryside around a city where development is controlled.They aim to:
    • Prevent urban sprawl
    • Prevent towns merging
    • Preserve the special character of towns
    • NOT ALL CITIES HAVE GREEN BELTS.
    • Examples include London, Oxford and Bournemouth.
    • However, greenbelts are often leap-frogged and development happens just outside it.
  • 9. How can development at the RUF be managed?
    • New Towns
    • e.g Stevenage
    • At the end of the second world war towns were created just outside London’s green belt to prevent London spreading and give people a better way of life.
  • 10. Other Policies
    • In recent years the Government has tried to reduce pressure on the RUF by encouraging development of brownfield sites over greenfield sites, and stopping any more out of town shopping centres from being built.

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