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Metrics for Environmental Health
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Metrics for Environmental Health

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Everything I need to know I learned in NCED* *or NPR** **or random other places
    • 2. Roadmap • Breaking the fourth wall • Sustainable energy and the environment: ecologic metrics and valuation • Coda: towards a new method of funding river restoration science • Pico coda (maybe!): harnessing the wisdom of crowds for environmental solutions
    • 3. Synthesis
    • 4. We can build him better than before...
    • 5. Sustainable Systems
    • 6. Sustainable Systems
    • 7. Sustainable Systems • Initial environmental cost • Ongoing environmental costs
    • 8. • Initial environmental cost • Ongoing environmental costs
    • 9. Energy Sustainable Limited
    • 10. Energy Sustainable Limited “Physics” “Fuel”
    • 11. Energy Sustainable Limited “Physics” “Fuel” • Hydro • Fossil • Wind • Fission (“Nuclear”) • Solar • Fusion • Tidal • Geothermal • Biofuel
    • 12. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?)
    • 13. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?) Profit!
    • 14. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?) “Quality of Life”
    • 15. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?) “Quality of Life” Index What do people value?
    • 16. Environmental Valuation
    • 17. Value of a healthy ecosystem?
    • 18. Hold on...
    • 19. “Healthy Ecosystem?!?”
    • 20. Angelo Coast Range Reserve
    • 21. (not) Angelo Coast Range Reserve
    • 22. What to measure? Inputs vs. Outputs
    • 23. What to measure? Inputs vs. Outputs Outputs: biodiversity, biomass
    • 24. Slaughterhouse Inspection Temple Grandin WinardPhoto: © Rosalie Winard We are measuring inputs
    • 25. We should be measuring outputs: pass Pauline, President Taft’s pet cow fail
    • 26. (oh what a tangled web we weave) Great Lakes Food Web
    • 27. Outputs: high spatial / temporal variability ...trophic level change ...cohorts
    • 28. River Restoration: A Heuristic Approach Lake County, IL restoration project
    • 29. ... spatial and temporal variability
    • 30. Measure inputs, not outputs! • variability: spacial, temporal • baseline: statistical equilibrium
    • 31. Metrics we like: • Fast, easy, and/or cheap to measure • Broadly comparable • Useful(!)
    • 32. Spatial Metrics (variability) • Physical substrate aka “houses” • Microclimate: PAR, T, soil moisture, slope... • Ecological patchiness: LiDAR canopy vs. bare earth returns
    • 33. Nutrient Metrics (movement) • Keystone species? • Nutrient sensor network: pattern(s)? • Native vs. non-native vegetation
    • 34. • Keystone species? • Nutrient sensor network: pattern(s)? • Native vs. non-native vegetation
    • 35. • Nutrient sensor network: pattern(s)?
    • 36. • Native vs. non-native vegetation Non-native == black hole...
    • 37. Temporal Metrics (variability) • ??? metrics • We need cohorts • We need statistical steady-state... baseline?
    • 38. Environmental Valuation
    • 39. Public values? • more “pristine” • better recreation • more “production” • more unique (Endangered Species Act)
    • 40. Scientific Values - within system • spatial and temporal variability (diversity) • nutrient utilization (biomass)
    • 41. Scientific Values - between systems • biomes • adjoining land (migration, genetic exchange) • refugia
    • 42. Sustainable energy vs. ecological health: scarce resource distribution... Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... Energy Ecologic Health
    • 43. Systems Human Natural Statistical Steady-state Steady-state
    • 44. Systems Human Natural Low variability Variability necessary
    • 45. Scarce resources... • Gravel • Hydraulic Power
    • 46. resource distribution Rather than maximizing energy generation: need to balance physical, nutrient, and energy inputs into the ecosystem.
    • 47. vs. Clockwork Chaos
    • 48. Energy generation: introduce spatial and temporal variability “sacrifice” maximum energy productivity in exchange for more resources to environment
    • 49. “sacrifice” maximum energy productivity in exchange for more resources to environment Challenge: still generate “enough” energy • evaluate: smaller footprint with higher energy productivity, or larger footprint with lower energy productivity? • or: smaller footprint with lower energy productivity, plus alternative energy system?
    • 50. Food for Thought (MIT Library System)
    • 51. Chaos Clockwork vs. Could introducing “statistical steady-state” ever increase energy production?!?
    • 52. Food for Thought (MIT Library System)
    • 53. Baseline migration in statistical steady-state... Theory: Ecological change != environmental degradation
    • 54. Theory: Ecological change != environmental degradation Wild rice ==> Duckweed... Ecological or Social Problem?