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Meeting the needs of children and families (part one)
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Meeting the needs of children and families (part one)



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  • Scenario# 5
  • Sensory Senses: There are five sensory senses; these are:Vision Hearing Touch TasteSmellVisual Impairment: Visual impairment is the partial or complete loss of vision. Some milder forms of visual impairment can be treated with glasses or contact lenses. Other forms of visual impairment require medicine or even surgery. The more severe types of visual impairments, however, are irreversible. URL: Visual Impairment Definition | eHow.comhttp://www.ehow.com/about_4793004_visual-impairment-definition.html#ixzz1In4ZWeQRTypes of visual impairment: There are four categories of visual impairment: Partially sighted - Partially sighted means that the person has some difficulty seeing and reading information, and requires special assistance with learning and reading. Low vision - Low vision indicates a more serious visual impairment, where reading at normal distances is not possible. People with low vision have to use supportive tools to read and see in their environments. They may even learn through the use of Braille Legally blind - Legally blind refers to a vision less than 20/200 and a limited range of vision. People who are legally blind cannot see things clearly, whether it is near or farTotally blind - Totally blind means that the person has no vision at all. Their eyes are not able to process images, and they learn through nonvisual resources, including Braille.URL: Visual Impairment Definition | eHow.comhttp://www.ehow.com/about_4793004_visual-impairment-definition.html#ixzz1In4lQAgc
  • Service Provider In Toronto for children with visual impairmentToronto Preschool/ Speech and Language Services/Blind - Low Vision Early Intervention ProgramToronto Public Health225 Duncan Mill Road, Suite 201, Toronto, ON, M3B 3K9Intake: 416-338-8255Services provided: What does the Program offer?We are committed to making sure that your child receives the best services possible and have designed a program to do exactly that. Toronto Public Health’s Toronto Preschool/ Speech and Language Services/ Blind - Low Vision Early Intervention Program is based on four activities critical to the healthy development of children with blindness or low vision, including:Family Support Services: Family Support Workers trained in understanding visual impairment will support families throughout the diagnostic process, and will be available to provide familysupport, service coordination and counselling as needed during the child’s involvement in the program.Early Intervention Services: Early Childhood Vision Consultants from cnib or the Ontario Foundation for Visually Impaired Children will provide in-home service delivery focusing on helping parents support the development of their child. Based on on-going functional sensory assessment of the child (including functional vision), families with be given instruction and practical experience in providing daily living activities that will enhance cognitive, communicative, social, emotional and physical development of the child. The Early Childhood Vision Consultant will arrange for a consultation from other professionals as appropriate.Child Care Consultation: Early Childhood Vision Consultants will consult to child care providers to help them understand and respond to the needs of children living with visual impairment who are integrating into early learning and child care settings.Public Awareness and Professional/ Parent Education:The Toronto Preschool/ Speech and Language Services/ Blind - Low Vision Early Intervention Program will work closely with the Ministry to develop a strategy to inform parents and the local community about monitoring children’s development, in particular the developmental milestones for vision, visual disorders, and available support services. The Program will also provide opportunities for families to meet other families to share information and experiences.


  • 1. Meeting the Needs of Children and Families
    “Child with Vision Impairment”
    Prepared by: Laila Parveen
  • 2. Introduction to the child and family
    • Laila, age 15 months has been diagnosed with severe
    vision impairment.
    • Her parents are very concerned and upset.
    • 3. They worry about her safety and how she will form
    • Her parents lived in Toronto all their lives and asked
    about services in the area.
  • 4. Introduction to individual special need
    • Laila is a child with visual impairment.
    • 5. Visual impairment refers to any condition that only
    allows a child to see with a restricted field of vision.
    • Visual impairment may range from having limited
    vision to some functional vision.
  • 6. Meeting the needs in the child care centre
    • Set up the environment.
    • 7. Safety; danger areas should be locked or blocked off in
    the school to prevent accidents or falls.
    • Special training in practicing daily living skills such as
    eating, bathing and dressing.
    • Motivation to beat frustration.
  • 8. Meeting the needs in the child care centre contd…
    • Special learning aids; for learning shapes colors and letters.
    • 9. Social support to make friends.
    • 10. Support to use all sensory input as effectively as
    possible to maximize learning and facilitate
  • 11. Meeting the needs of the parents
    • Support parents as they may experience considerable
    stress at the time of diagnosis and throughout their
    lives to meet the unique needs of their child.
    • Educate parents to lock the danger areas of the
    home to prevent falls and accidents of the child.
    • Educate parents how to give training to their child in
    practicing daily living skills such as eating, bathing
    and dressing.
  • 12. Needs of the parents contd.
    • Support the parents to face the facts that their child will have to learn and to write Braille and may need special equipments like touch type lap top computers, CCTV, variety of magnifiers and large - print materials with enrolment in a special school in future.
    • 13. Social support: For extra money worries for the child.
  • 14. Service Provider in Toronto:
    Population served: Birth to 5 years
    Cost: Free
    Referral Process: Ophthalmologist, Parents &
    Social Workers.
    Criteria: Children will need a diagnosis from an
    Ophthalmologist in order to receive services.
    Availability: Open
    URl : Blind-Low Vision 
    Community service database
  • 15. Service Provider in Toronto contd: