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ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing
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ISTE 2011 - Using Google Docs to Improve Student Writing

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Slides from my presentation at ISTE 2011 in Philadelphia.

Slides from my presentation at ISTE 2011 in Philadelphia.

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Using
Google
Docs
to
Improve
Student
Wri7ng ISTE 2011
    • 2. First...
My
lenses
‐
I’m
“home‐grown”
in
a
1:1
program
at
SLA‐
I
don’t
love
gadgets‐
As
an
English
teacher,
I
DO
love
teaching
wri7ng
    • 3. Now...
where
are
you
 coming
from?
 AND What
skills
do
you
want
your
students
to
 gain
from
wri7ng?
    • 4. What
we*
wanted *The
English
teachers
at
SLA,
but
also
students,
based
on
their
feedback‐
Independent
thesis
development‐
Formal
analy7cal
wri7ng‐
Metacogni7on
about
the
wri7ng
process
    • 5. The
Original
AssignmentA
2Fer
is
a
2‐page
analy0cal
paper
on
any
topic
you
choose.
There
are
four
basic
guidelines
that
must
be
followed:1.
The
2fer
has
a
thesis
statement
that
is
unique,
insighRul,
and
debatable.
It
does
not
re‐state
a
commonly
held
belief
or
choose
sides
in
a
worn‐out
debate
‐‐
it
reflects
an
observa0on
and
conclusion
you
have
come
to
on
your
own.
2.
The
2fer
uses
at
least
two
outside
sources
to
support
your
thesis,
and
cites
them
correctly.
3.
The
2fer
never
uses
the
first
or
second
person
(“I”
or
“you.”)
4.
The
2fer
proves
its
thesis
statement
through
the
quality
of
analysis
and
factual
support,
not
raw
force
of
opinion.

    • 6. The
year‐long
plan 11th
graders
write
2Fers
(almost)
 every
two
weeks
for
the
en0re
year.
 By
the
end
of
the
year,
they
have
 come
to
both
master
and
appreciate
 (and
maybe
even
love)
the
process
 of
formal
analy0cal
wri0ng.
 HOORAY!
    • 7. The
Original
Rubric (Categories
and
wording
stolen
from
 Pennsylvania
standardized
tests)
    • 8. The
Original
Sign‐Off
Sheet (In
response
to
common
errors
and
oversights) (This
is
a
lie.
I
required
 one
all
the
?me.)
    • 9. Our
HopesStudents
would...Build
meaningful
peer‐edi7ng
rela7onships
with
each
otherAbsorb
feedback
in
each
category
and
work
to
improve
in
all
of
themSee
the
assignment
as
a
year‐long,
individualized
process

    • 10. The
RealityOBen
?mes,
students
would
instead...Get
superficial
edi7ng,
and
some7mes
even
ignore
the
edits
when
revisingLook
only
at
the
final
grade
on
each
2Fer,
then
forget
about
it
/
lose
the
paperSee
the
assignment
as
a
year‐long
pain
in
the
bu]
    • 11. First
Semester: Google
Docs Begins
    • 12. One
Document,
All
Year
    • 13. Space
for
dra_s
and
final... ...accompanied
by
in‐class
 edi7ng
7me.
    • 14. Early
week:
Thesis
Brainstorming +
Feedback
    • 15. Brainstorming
threads
in
Moodle... (Could
be
hosted
elsewhere,
or
on
paper!)
    • 16. More
teacher
feedback
at
first...
    • 17. More
teacher
feedback
at
first...
    • 18. ...A
freer
flow
of
ideas
later
    • 19. More
student‐based
feedback
too.
    • 20. Mid‐week:
Research,
Thesis
 Revision,
Mini‐Lessons...
Class.
    • 21. Fridays:
Peer
Edi7ng!
    • 22. Peer
Edi7ng
Protocol
“A
complete
draN
(wriOen
up
to
the
conclusion,
with
your
minimum
two
outside
sources
cited
at
the
end
of
the
paper)
is
due
by
the
beginning
of
class
on
Friday.”Once
students
were
in
class,
they
immediately
paired
up
with
another
student.
Their
first
responsibility
was
to
the
peer
they
were
edi0ng,
not
their
own
paper.
    • 23. Students
Comment
on
Dra_... student student student student student
    • 24. ...Teacher
Comments
on
Final. student
    • 25. The
second
week:
Grading
and
Feedback
    • 26. The
Rubric Points
earned
 doesn’t
get
its
own
 box,
is
typed
in
at
 the
end
of
the
 wri6en
 commentaryNo
“Total
Grade”
sec?on
at
the
bo6om
(which
you
 can’t
see
in
this
slide)
    • 27. This
essay
was
for
a
“Media
Cri?cism”
2Fer
assignment.
It
analyzed
 a
Garnier
Fruc?s
 shampoo
commercial. The
“Content
and
 Development”
 comment
refers
to
a
quote
that
I
also
wrote
a
s?cky‐note
for
in
the
 essay
text.
    • 28. Built‐in
reflec7on
space... ...which
leads
right
into
the
 next
assignment.
    • 29. Grammar,
re‐wri7ng,
research... ...there
were
a
lot
of
 possibili7es.

    • 30. A
place
to
celebrate
success... Some?mes
I
typed
in
 focus
areas
for
them...
 helpful,
or
controlling? ...and
also
set
goals
for
the
 next
essay.

    • 31. Good
Moments
    • 32. Success!Students
have...Stopped
thinking
about
page
length,
and
started
thinking
about
adequate
supportShi_ed
their
focus
from
overall
grade
to
the
feedback
(and
grade)
for
each
categoryGo]en
more
feedback
and
edits
from
peers,
and
recognized
pa]erns
and
issues
faster
    • 33. Student X Student X Student X student student student Excellent.
    • 34. Student X Student X Student X student student student Excellent. Essays
that
do
not
 meet
the
four
basic
 requirements
get
 “bounced
back”
to
 the
author
for
 revision.
    • 35. Before
Google
Docs,
if
I
wanted
to
 “bounce
back”
a
paper,
I
had
to
track
down
the
student
and
make
 sure
I
had
the
paper
in
hand. Now
I
know
at
a
glance
 who
needs
more
work,
 and
I
e‐mail
them
right
 away.
    • 36. “OMG!
I’m
making
the
mistake
while
I
write
about
it!”
    • 37. Second
Semester:
Upgrades
    • 38. English 2fer The American government says that it tries to better our economy by looking at our past !!!!!!!! "#$!%$&()(*+,!+-!./$%*0),1!*1!,+2!10)%%$3!4$0)1$!(#$!%$5)(*+,1#*&!2*(#!61(! ! !"#$%&"&($")*$+%#,"-.%-",**/##$0"-.%-"1%)"#$&%-$0"-,"2#%+0"3.$(-"!/-,"1%)"+"!&%4%5%"-.$#$" !!!!!!!! "#$%&!(!)*!+,-+..+*/!(012-+!34+*!5+).*6!3/4!2+.)7./89!#:+28!5)8!/42016401/!/4+!!"#$%&#!(&!)&*+!"+,(,-.!/&%0 mistakes and correcting them for the future. But in all reality the government makes very irrational decisions without considering the welfare of the middle and lower class citizens. Often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times people with a higher social economic class get better benefits from the government. This(%)#$*+&"",$-.#/!"+,(,-.!,3!7!9+&%#33!==!7-6!3&!,3!(2,3!6&%*#-(> J95C!6H;?EI6D!78;7!86IE!I6;C!786!6DD;@!95!;!<6776B!C9B6K79=5L! 5%8$"-"$%)$#"-,"/+0$#)-%+0;"!">$-.,0)-"5+)-$#"+%5$0"?-$@$"?-#*8&%+0"1.,)$"4#,-.$#"1%)" >0(/!0;!/4+!:+4-.+(9!"0>+!0;!/4+!/2)*(!-0(/!>02+!71/!/4+!>)A02/8!0;!/4+!(+2:-+(!B%20..+8(?! is very hypocritical because after each and every natural disaster of some sort every person in ./$%*0),!0*(*<$,9!=-!/+1(!+-!(#$!,*,-+%/$3!./$%*0),1!0+53!0#),;$!(#$*%!2)81!61(!! ! 5/#0$#$0"%-"AB"<$%#)",&0")%0"C3.$"D/$)-,+"E".%@$"-,"%)8"-.$"5%+/(%*-/#$#)",("-.$5")F"GH.<" C1(+(!D)2=+/EF2)*=;025!#.!+/-9G!)2+!)!:+28!-4+)<!<2-+!0;!@!50..)2(9!H0><)2+5!/0!/4+!H4-)60! power acts as if they need to take care of Americas middle class citizens but on any other given 15*;#(58!(#$!%$5)(*+,1#*&1!2*(#!+(#$%!0+,(%*$1!0),!%$&)*%!(#$/1$57$1!),3!*,($%,!/),8!?!@A#+!,3!7!@=97.#!7-7$)(,%7$!979#+!&-!7-)!(&9,%!)&*!%2&&3#0!0&#$.#$!"1#$2.*)+$31)4,)(*$ ! 0,"<,/"5%8$"6%5$)"-.%-"-%#6$-"7$,7&$"-.%-"%#$"-,"7#,-$*-"/)F"7,&*$",((*$#)F"7$,7&$"-.%-"1$"&,,8" %2)*(/!&1/402/8I(!BH%&G!<2-+!0;!J@9@K?!"#$%&!(!-4+)<+29 day they could care less. The economists always say that its best to look towards the future but $0+,+/*$1!0+53!&%+1&$%!;%$)(58!*,!(#$!$,39%&.%$51*%$2$!",,"647 ! /7"-,"II"7$,7&$"-.%-"E"#$)7$*-"II"1-.".6."%05#%-,+FJ"!"6%5$"*#$%-$0"1.$#$"-.$"5,)-"$=*-+6" !!!!!!!! &*!1*4)<<8!"#$%&!25+2!78!/4+!*)>+!0;!&>)*5)!H9!()5!L&;/+2!2+.8*6!0*!"#$%&!)(!)! in all actuality base the present economy on our past trials and tribulations. !!$ ,"+-!2M)###(N"+%M#$N#"%$0!("!&$-$4 7%#-")"#/+++6"(#,5"%+0"8&&+6"7,&*$F").,,-+6"7$,7&$F"0$)-#,<+6"-.$"+$6.4,#.,,0"%+0"(6.-+6" >)A02!<)2/!0;!>8!<+2(0*).!/2)*(<02/)/0*!;02!>)*8!8+)2(!M!4):+!7+-0>+!*-2+57.8!;+5!1<9!"0>+! Whenever there is an unfortunate event that takes place in America the government has !!B0!12#!@5#+!273!7!(&*)*$*%.%5(%$%&.%$)*!1()819$)(*)3&%!1,9$.(4$42.%.2,/!C(!6&#3!-&(!+#= !"#$%&$(&)*$)+,-$.&$/)01$&1$/0/-23$4&$#&2$+.3$56.$70,-$62-$%&$.21$.80.$+1$%&2$6.2-0796$:+1$0.$ ,@$#"6%+6"-$##-,#$)")$$5)"%)"-.,/6."-"1,/&0"+(&/$+*$"-.$"1,#&0"+"%"+$6%-@$"1%<"%+0"*%/)$" *+647024005(!+(<+-)..8!+-0*0>-)..8!5()5:)*/)6+5!)2+)(!4):+!>)*8!;+3+2!201/+(!3/4! to !"#"#$"!%to save its middle class citizens most times after it is too late. In 2005’s hurricane !3(7(#!7!%&&-$)!2#$6!:#$,#5!&+!%2&&3#!3,6#3!,-!7!4&+-=&*(!6#:7(#!==!,(!+#5$#%(3!7-!&:3#+<7(,&-! .8-$-1*$&#$.8-$/-2+&*; -"+,-"-,")$&&"4/-")/#7#)+6&<"-")-&&")$&&)"@$#<"1$&&;"E-")"%").%5$".,1"1$&&"-"%*-/%&&<")$&&)"1.$+"-" .>/+5!)--+((9!%4+!(173)8!)*5!+.+:)/+5!.*+(!7+-0>+!2+.)/:+.8!(=+/-48!);/+2!5)2=!)*5!/4+2+!(! Katrina ninety-eight percent of the citizens which lived in the lower ninth ward of New Orleans !7-6!%&-%$*3,&-!)&*!27<#!%&#!(&!&-!)&*+!&4-0 <8&48.6=$<204-*+-63$>+606.-263$?&@-7-1.63$A8014-6$+1$&##+B-6$ )5/&%-$)"%+"$=7$#$+*$"&8$"?-$@$"?-#*8&%+0".%)"+,1"1-."%"0$*$%)$0"4#,-.$#; *0!*-2+)(+5!<0.-+!<)/20..*6!0*!/4+(+!.*+(9N!%4+(+!(/)/+>+*/(!>)5+!78!&>)*5)!H9!)2+! were African American and one third of those people lived in poverty. All of these people were !! $ """""""" 2#%+0"3.$(-"!/-,".%)"-.$"5$0%"6,+6"+/-)"%4,/-"%&&"-.$"+$6%-@$"5,#%&)"%+0"@%&/$)"-.%-" <)2/)..8!*-022+-/!)*5!*-2+57.8!7)(+59!%4+!+-0*0>-)..8!5()5:)*/)6+5!)2+)(!/+*5!/0!4):+! flooded completely before the government could even react to what was happening. After they >+%?1!@*($3@0!12#!@5#+!*3#3!7(!$#73(!%6"$"1%*)4$*"1#+*!(&!3*99&+(!)&*+!(2#3,38!7-6!+)%*$%&5$ $ -"7,#-#%<);"!&&"-.$"1.&$"-"*,+-+/$)"-,")$&&"4&&,+)",("*,7$)"%+0"%-"-.$")%5$"-5$"!5$#*%K)" >02+!201/+(!/4)*!)*8!0/4+2!)2+)9!F02!+,)><.+?!*!O+(/!$4.)5+.<4)?!/4+2+!)2+!P!>)A02!(+2:-+(! did help the poorer neighborhood that was well after the upper class citizens were all found and !+"##+%,-/!12,3!,-%$*6#3!,-(#.+7(,-.!(2#!,-5&+7(,&-!3#7$#33$)!,-(&!(2#!(#D(!&5!)&*+!#337)8!7-6! $ <,/-."*,+-+/$)"-,"&$%#+"%+0")5/&%-$"-.$"%*-/%&"$=7$#$+*$"(#,5"-.$"6%5$"%+0"+"&($"%)"1$&&;"E(" 0;;+2+5!34-4!)2+!/4+!/20..+8(?!71(+(!)*5!/4+!D)2=+/EF2)*=;025!#.9!O/4*!O+(/!$4.)5+.<4)?! known to be safe. After a while these people were shamefully characterized as refugees @="."=ABC!DA!EFGF*3,-.!%&++#%(!EF?!%,(7(,&-!5&+!:&(2!(2#!,-=(#D(!%,(7(,&-!7-6!(2#!4&+;3!%,(#6!97.#0 $ 2#%+0"3.$(-"!/-,")"-%8$+",/-",(").$&@$)"-.$+"-.$"1,#&0K)"<,/-."*%+"6%+"),"5%+<"5,#$"7,)-@$" Q02/4!$4.)5+.<4)!)*5!"01/4!$4.)5+.<4)!/4+2+!)2+!)701/!)/!.+)(/!KR!/0!SR!201/+(9!&.(0!/4+2+! because of their race as well as their social class. Classifying these thousands of people as! ! 5,#%&)"%+0"@%&/$); )2+!201/+(!/4)/!/)=+!801!;20>!/4+!L+-0*0>-)..8!5()5:)*/)6+5!)2+)(!/0!/4+!7+//+2! refugees made the poverty line so much higher for middle class citizens.G0!12#!@5#+!(:#$1**$%&$!)#*%$"#$*+"(4$;#*"($<=>?$"#$=-"1/?@$C-3(#76!&5!4+,(,-.!HC!(2,-;! Hathout, Samer. "Challenges Facing American Muslim Women."!"#$%&()&*(+$,. ,"+-!$00),!("$0!&$-$4 "" *+647024005(9(27(000I!J*3(!4+,(#!427(!)&*!(2,-;>!!C5!)&*!K*&(#!7!3&*+%#!42#+#!(2#!39#7;#+!37)3!HCI!&+!H)&*8I! Muslim Women Lawyers for Human Rights, 7/9/ 1995 . Web. 7 Oct 2010. <http:// ! H,#8)"L-$0M !!!!!!!! "#$%&!(!/4+!>)*!2+)(0*!$4.)5+.<4)*(!)2+!)7.+!/0!/2):+.!/0!A1(/!)701/!)*834+2+!*!/4+! Another example to show how America bases its present economy on its past errors is(27(L3!5,-#0 %86!A=BIC!:=6D!78B=>:8!?;5@!K8;5:6D!:==C!;5C!<;C!6F6B@C;@!<>7!A6!O>D7!C=5P7! " -/8!3/4*!)!>)//+2!0;!>*1/+(9!&./40164!/4+!-1(/0>+2(!)2+!5(<.+)(+5!3/4!/4+!(+2:-+!/4+8! the heightened security on airlines after the terrorist attacks September 11, 2001. Now in the www.islamfortoday.com/americanmuslimwomen.htm>.! >5C6BD7;5C!78;7!>579I!D=?67895:!8>:6!8;EE65DL !"#$%&()*+,!$!"#$%&()*,$-./0$#12#324##5,$6*7*8&+&9,$:;$<98$4#:#,$ 2+-+:+?!/4+8!(/..!-400(+!/0!25+!"#$%&!+:+285)89!&*0/4+2!-1(/0>+2!78!/4+!*)>+!0;!&//.)!C9! present economy the airlines of America the security has gone to measures such as observingM0!12#!@5#+!9+&<#3!,(3!(2#3,3!3(7(##-(!(2+&*.2$(2#!81.,)%-$"!$.(.,-*)*$.(4$!.+%1.,$*1;;"#%9$ "56!A;@!78;7!786!A=BIC!:=6D!78B=>:8!K8;5:6D!9D!78;7!A865!K6B7;95!K=>57B96D!95F=IF6! ()5?!LO/401/!"#$%&!/4(!-/8!-01.5!*0/!;1*-/0*!)*5!+:+28/4*6!301.5!7+!)!>+((N9!%4(!(!/21+! footwear, strip-searches, x-rays and they even do explosive checks. Airport security expert McGill, Doug. "Lets Get Smart Before Jay Leno Flies Into Town ." -./0##&123()4 27/08/ =>))?022@&)A)&9BA@>&*,*)2&C*D4,?>?E("%$#.6$!"#+$"!$";)()"(/$?<&,6!(&9,%3!42#+#!)&*+!9#+3&-7$!5##$,-.3!6&,-7(#!(2#!979#+8!&+! 786?D6IF6D!95!A;BDL!%89D!5=7!=5I@!6JJ6K7D!786!K=>57B96D!A8=!;K7>;II@!;B6!95F=IF6C!95!786!A;B!<>7! (><.8!7+-)1(+!"#$%&!(!/4+!0*.8!/2)*(/!(+2:-+!*!$4.)5+.<4)!)*5!3/401/!/!<+0<.+!301.5!7+! Norman Shanks stated that these changes "have raised the standard of security of all airports in 2003: 1. Web. 8 Oct 2010. <http://www.mcgillreport.org/ignorant_america.htm>. F*G+)H7*&CI:JB9C*IK9FBJF*G+F@&CI%LMNAC&96OJB9F*IH*+JAB*-)I:P,+#$)!2#7<,$)!&-!,-6,<,6*7$!#D9#+,#-%#3!&+!:#$,#53!N(2#!#D,3(#-%#!&5!7-!75(#+$,5#8!(2#!-7(*+#!&5!$&<#8! ;ID=!K=>57B96D!A8=!8;F6!K6B7;95!796D!=B!;JJ9I9;79=5D!A978!786?L!7!9D!6HE6K76C!78;7!9J!7A=!K=>57B96D! ;02-+5!/0!25+!>02+!7=+(?!52:+!>02+!-)2(!)*5!>0(/!<+0<.+!301.5!4):+!/0!2+(02/!/0!3).=*6! the United States, which was long overdue." This also relates to how the American government#(%0O!F&&;!,-3(#76!5&+!(&9,%3!42#+#!(2#+#!,3!7!4#7$(2!&5!%+#6,:$#!&*(3,6#!7(#+,7$!)&*!%7-!,-#! ;B6!;II96D!7865!=56!A=>IC!86IE!786!=786B!95!<;77I6!=B!A978!A8;76F6B!9D!566C6CL!"J765!79?6D!789D! Q*FFR$<9FBA,$!6*7*8&+&9$J$Q*A7)>,!$+,-.)/,,0#1,-#2)3.4%&5#+.%)&.)$4##S0$,$?AT,$U*V,$ +:+285)8!/0!)*5!;20>!302= only makes changes for the better after a tragedy strikes. Other forms of changes to airlines5&+!3*99&+(0!A$6,,B6#)%%($CD#$4"*(E%$.#319$)%$;#":*/ ! 9D!?9DK=5D7B>6CL!.8;7!65CD!>E!8;EE6595:!9D!78;7!A865!=56!K=>57B@!C=6D5P7!8=IC!>E!7869B!65C! !!!!!!!! &./40164!"#$%&!4)(!>)*8!*+6)/:+!T1)./+(!(1-4!)(!/(!()*/)/0*!)*5!-1(/0>+2! include armed pilots and fortified cockpits. 4#$<98$4#:#,$=>))?022WWW,@+(,*C(2+@&*@*2>*A7)>2C9@+2)8J>*A7)>,>)B7P,$ ! =J!786!<;B:;95!786@!A9II!6F657>;II@!<6K=?6!;!7B;97=BL!.865!=56!E;B756BD89E!9D!65C6C!=J765!79?6D! (+2:-+?!$4.)5+.<4)!301.5!*0/!21*!)(!(>00/4.8!)(!/!50+(9!D)*8!-1(/0>+2(!)2+!1*4)<<8! America’s government at this rate will always have countless mistakes because theyF#.4)(3$G12#)+ ! =786B!E;B756BD89ED!A978!786!D;?6!796D!7=!786!EI;K6!A9II!C=!786!D;?6L!Q=B!6H;?EI6R!9J!786!+5976C! $ 7+-)1(+!/4+8!)2+!:+28!<)2/-1.)2!3/4!34)/!/4+8!.=+!/0!(++!0*!/4+2!@RE>*1/+!-0>>1/+(!/0!302=9! refuse to spend money to take precautionary measures against potential threats to the country. H+%!I*,)5!J%)-(K 07;76DR!->DD9;R!;5C!S895;!;B6!;II!;II96D!;5C!786!+L0!;5C!->DD9;!C9D<;5CR!7865!K895;!?9:87! #:+*!/40164!/4+2+!)2+!>..0*(!0;!*+6)/:+!2+:+3(!0;!"#$%&?!;!)*8!0;!/4+!-1(/0>+2(!3+2+!P7(#.&+) QRD%##63!RD9#%(7(,&-3Q S&,-(!T7$*# Incidents that can be easily avoided are foreseen by the government usually end up occurring $ ./$%*0),1!!4$5*$7$!$7$%8(#*,;!(#)(!2$!3+!*1!(#$!1+0*)5!&+5*(*0)5!),3! 7;T6!7=!;!K6B7;95!D9C6!=B!O>D7!5=7!95F=IF6!786?D6IF6D!A978!69786B!D9C6L!.978!78B66!F6B@!E=A6BJ>I! )(=+5!34)/!/4+8!301.5!50!3/401/!/?!>0(/!<+0<.+!301.5!7+!1//+2.8!-0*;1(+59 and then damaging the middle class citizens. Hurricanes, Earthquakes, Terrorist attacks and "12#3,3!7-6!A&%*3 H&.#;9$4)*%)(+%$%&*)*$ U %$5*;*+1!,+%/!-+%!(#$!2+%539!A,0$!(#$8!)%$!$L&+1$3!(+!1+/$+,$!+-!)!3*--$%$,(! K=>57B96D!D6E;B;76C!789D!?9:87!K;>D6!765D9=5!;?=5:!786!A=BICD!I6DD!E=A6BJ>I!K=>57B96DL! ! other things of this sort keeps America from reaching its status as a safe and secure nation. " 7+.*#-(!76#!7:&*(!7! $(#,*0*(8!(#$8!($,3!(+!3*1)&&%+7$!),3!%*3*05$!(#+1$!2#+!0+/$!(+!./$%*0)!*,! )5=786B!A;@!78;7!786!A=BIC!K8;5:6D!9D!A8656F6B!;!56A!E=E6!9D!5;?6CL!S;78=I9K9D?!9D! ! Only if the American government chooses to plan for the future instead of make changes =56!=J!786!A=BICD!I;B:6D7!B6I9:9=5D!786B6J=B6!A8656F6B!;!56A!E=E6!9D!6I6K76C!786!E6=EI6!A8=! " !! *)(3,$%";)+!4,(2!#<,6#-(! according to the past then America will be the great nation that other countries assume it is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orks Cited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history, and for this man to be unaware what his name was just feeds into the ridiculous !""#$%"&!()*+$",$!()%$-./)01$!"$&.#$2"2/$*"!$"*/3$)*$4&1)-.$05!$.1"5*6$!($7"1/6$!(.!$!()%$ !"#$%&()*#+#,%-%./)0-)"1&0)2.)3.)4%20)20%-)5#&1-#).6)20#)7#$&#/28#).6)9.120)202)42&0) !!"#$%&$(&)% *++,-(&.,/)"#$%&$(&)%$0/ 9 "#$%#&!()*&+!,-#./*01!23.!-*..3.41015!6310789::!;<4#043&!=*>?.40@+,!"#$%&(")(*"+,&-$( stereotypes of Americans. 7"1/6$)%$*"!$.$%.,$2/.-8$9!$!15/3$)%$.$%(.&$)!$!""#$.$/"!$",$2"2/$!()%$/"*+$!"$1./):$!(.!$!()%$ 2#+#,%-%./()*0#),#$8#)".1/2).6)0.1$-)-7#/2)42&0%/8)2#+#,%-%./)59)9.120)%-):;<<)0.1$-)7#$) ! 1("$(,#&,1/$%2/1("3-(3",14/ .,/0&"$1+!A+$+!=*$0*B)*.!C!DEEF+!G*)+!DH!=*$!DE:E+!IJ00$599KKK+>2.+3./9$?)%4>#043&9::L8C9 Another example of the American ignorance and stereotype toward a different 7.3$05!$!()%$)%$.*"!(1$;.&2/$",$("7$!($7"1/6$-(.*+%8 9#$()=/9)&0%+3$#/)$#)"%-+#3)59)402)%-)7.$2$9#3)./)2#+#,%-./>).62#/)2%"#-)%"%22#3)/3) 13-5/$1/!"#$%&!"()*(&+) <($7"1/6$+"%$!(1"5+($&.*3$&)*"1$-(.*+%$!(.!$.1$*"!$.%$7)6/3$01".6$-.%!6$05!$ ! 0#./*01M23.M0*..3.4101+J0B%N$LO+ culture and background is towards people who abide by the Muslim culture. Americans 40#/)6.1/3)2.)5#)%/)20#)4$./8)1-#)20#)#?&1-#>)@A)-4)%2)./)2#+#,%-%./B()C/#).6)20#)5%88#-2)6.$"-) ,(&+-$,$"+-4/65&-5/2,.,0)7/$/ "#$%!&()*!+%),-. ! !(3$%!)//$6"$(.22*8$4%$,"1$!($-(.*+%$+/"0.//3$!(.!$.1$01".6$-.%!6$9$0/)=$!(.!$.-($.*6$ .6)/#82%,#)%/6+1#/&#)%/)20#)"#3%)&."#-)6$.")20#),#$9)7.71+$),%3#.)8"#)-#$%#-)!"#$%&()*+& -)%(")00&%#/&2,$8 believe that every Muslim is, once was, or is going to be an extremist at point or another +/01-/!-2/!3)(4!(/5)-6/!%/6/70!4#$!2/)%!)8#$-!-2/!9#$-2/)0-/%(!:/((04*6)()! ! =13$!)&$!(.!$!(3$6"$(.22*$!($"2*$!($3%$",$*5&1"5%$(5&.*%$!"$!//$!(&$!(.!$3"5$ ,-+./ in their lifetime. This often frustrates the normal Muslim who has nothing to do with ;%)(0-!<$-2#%-4!=9>:;<?@!-2/!72#*/!:2*)A/*12)(!%/5#(!72/%/!-B0!*#C)-/A!7#$*A!8/!(!-%#$8*/! ! *6$!"$0$&"1$-"*%-)"5%$",$*"!$"*/3$7(.!$)%$)*$3"51$%511"5*6)*+%$05!$7(.!$)%$+")*+$"*$)*$!($ *0#),%3#.8"#)&$#2#3)59)0.123+#")%-)./#).6)20#)".-2)7.71+$)8"#-)#,#$()D$/3)*0#62):(;0, <",-&1,/-)%(")0/)+/0$%#3$#,4/ 9 these extremities, A woman by the name of Samer Hathout wrote an article about this 72/(!-!C#3/0!-#!9>:;<D!>6/(!-2#$52!9>:;<!2)0!0#3/!1%#8*/30!7-2!C$0-#3/%!0/%6C/!)0! -3K&1*&P!Q.#&>*1+!,-R(!Q(S(T;U!T(=6VA=(!-V!RWTTXY;A(!";-TXA;5!U(==VA=! 7"1/68 !12.)0-)-.+3)".$#)20/)E;)5%++%./)&.7%#-)4.$+34%3#)"#/%/8)202)%2-)13%#/&#)6%/3-)-."#20%/8) 1(;0&1(&-/(,-5%&=3,14/$%2/ topic “Despite several generations in this country--, Muslims have quite a history in the 7/**!)0!7-2!0)(-)-#(!9>:;<!0!-2/!E$CF/0-!)(A!-2/!3#0-!C#0-!/,,/C-6/!7)4!-#!-%)6/*!)%#$(A! 1,%(,%-,/1("3-(3",1/(5$(/ U(;TA(S+,23,(43&0,(3"#1,+!A+$+!=*$0*B)*.!C!DEEF+!G*)+!DH!=*$!DE:E+!IJ00$599 $ ,#$9)77#+%/8)2.)%2())D$/3)*0#62)!12.)%-))8"#)40#$#)20#)"%/)&0$&2#$)"1-2)-.+,#)-."#) U.S.--we are still perceived as foreigners; we are still perceived as people out to destroy <>4?@>A$B>>CD4?EF F%/3).6)"9-2#$9)512)4%++)3.)/3)F%++)/3)3#-2$.9)#,#$9./#)/3)#,#$920%/8)%/)-%802)2.)&&."7+%-0) :2*)A/*12)!7-2(!#(!)(!/6/%4A)4!8)00D!G)-2/%!-!8/!C#33$-(5!-#!7#%F@!5#(5!-#!-2/!3)**@!#%! -",$(,/$/%"+-$-,*+,&+) /*3./*K)?1J7KJ40*J3?1*+#.>J4<*1+/3<9.*$3.019Z#0.4&#7%*113&17%*#.&*P9O+ the United States, and when we attempt to define ourselves, our voices are silenced. $ 0%-)8.+()*0%-)8"#)0-))&+#$)$2%/8).6)@=B)6.$)"21$#)5#&1-#).6)20#)20#"#->),%.+#/&#>)3#20>) /6/(!-%)6/*(5!-#!)!%/0-)$%)(-H!9>:;<!0!-2/!8/0-!7)4!#,!-%)6/*(5!)%#$(A!:2*)A/*12)!#(!)(4! *..*%,$/*,"+*0 ! When mainstream Muslims are given the rare opportunity to explain Islam, we are told 9*$!()%$%%.3G$9$./&"%!$,/$/)#$3"51$%!1*+!($7.%$!($"22"%)!$",$7(.!$3"5$6%-1)06$HH$3"5$(.=$ 5+..3)G)8.$#>)-#?>)+/818#>)/3)"/9)".$#)$#-./-()*0#)&./-1"#$)"1-2)#%20#$)5#)/)31+2).$) 56/(!A)4!#,!-2/!7//F -*#>J*.!Q**P)#>Z5 that we, as moderate Muslims, are the minority”. The word !"#$%"& means “less than”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and to believe that one type of human is less than any other because of ethnic )&21"=&*!$)%$!"#$$%$&()*+#*,)-.%$*.)/-0*%)$#$/12#3!"1(3#*0+-!41""55$!()%$7)//$ 4%20)/.)7$.5+#"( 1)00/(5/%0!,%#3!#(/!1*)C/!-#!)(#-2/%D!<*0#@!-2/!,)%/!0!)!6/%4!%/)0#()8*/!1%C/!#,!J!A#**)%0!,#%! $.&+43&(*5(*-*+,$+ background is a smack in the face. Y#0*/3.@ ,([>**P1!([$*>0#043&1, Q**P)#>Z 3#0-!#,!-2/!6/2C*/0D!9#3/!#,!-2/!-%)(0!C#0-!3#%/!8$-!-2/!3)K#%-4!#,!-2/!0/%6C/0!=;%#**/40@! #(&66&(37-&#*3-5*!!$+# (/2$3"51$%%.3$,/"7$&"1$*.!51.//38 D$/3)*0#62)!12.).66#$-))4%3#),$%#29).6)4#7./-)2.)&0..-#)6$.")40#20#$)%2)%-))$#81+$) The reputation of Americans is now scarred because the relationship with just L$0/0!M)%F/-N&%)(F,#%A!>*!/-CD?!)%/!)!6/%4!C2/)1!1%C/!#,!J!A#**)%0D!O#31)%/A!-#!-2/!O2C)5#! &+)57+%,7&,$"+4/$%2/(5,/ -J*141!#&P!Q3>?1 !"#$%&()*+),-++".*)* A30!1?.*!KJ@!0J*!K3.P!(>3&3B@]!1&?>Z! $ 0/3).$))"%+%2$9)$.&F#2)+1/&0#$)2.)4+F)$.1/3)20#)-2$##2)4%20)%"+#--+9)&1-%/8)0$")4%20) about every country is not a reliable one. Because of the ignorance towards the citizens ;%)(0-!<$-2#%-4B0!=O;<?!1%C/!#,!PJDJQ@!9>:;<!0!C2/)1/%D ,"")"1/(5$(/$",/7",1,%(/2)/%)(/ #./?B*&0!B#P*!#)3?0! 401!K#@!4&03!@3?.!0J*141+!^3?!P3!>%*#.%@!XS! $ /.)$#7#$&1--%./-()*0#)9.120).6)!"#$%&)-##-)20%-)/3)"/9)2%"#-)%-/H2)4$#).6)20#)+4-)/3) who immigrate to America other countries have plenty of hatred and scorn for the !!!!!!!! <(!$(2)114!9>:;<!%A/%!84!-2/!()3/!#,!<3)(A)!OD!0)A!R<,-/%!%/*4(5!#(!9>:;<!)0!)! &%(,"+,",/6&(5/@,$%&%#8 #!*),/0.+1%)-!K40J! &#0?.#%!P41#10*.1!#1!@3?.!03$4>!)?0!0J*.*! ?.!+"13 L>;-6%$>;2-!.!)"*%L J"51$?"&&!.13$+"%$(1 5#+%#,#-)202)%2)%-)++)$%802)2.)%"%22#)20#-#)&2%./-()A/)20#)8"#)9.1)0,#)20#).72%./).6)8.%/8) American citizen. If most of the uninformed Americans could change their ways just /940#$#)%/)20#)4.$+3>)++)20#)40%+#)5%3%/8)59)/.)$1+#-)/3)+4)-#2)%/)-2./#)59)20#)-9-2#"()I.1) 3)K#%!1)%-!#,!34!1/%0#()*!-%)(01#%-)-#(!,#%!3)(4!4/)%0!S!2)6/!8/C#3/!(C%/A8*4!,/A!$1D!9#3/!! *<4P*&0!#K#.*&*11!32! #.*!13!B#&@!)4/!4P*#1!4&!@3?.!4&0.3!40_1!J#.P! slightly the relationships with other countries can repair themselves and intern many <(%)%$.*6$B"-5% 6+#.!7/%(*%$0**+1(%( 8)-.(*.1$&*+9(:%$*+%( &/)$1/)#/3+#--+9)3.%/8)20%/8-)-1&0)-)0%22%/8)&$-)/3)$.55%/8)-2.$#-()!++).6)20#-#)/#82%,#) (/528#%2##A0!/01/C)**4!/C#(#3C)**4!A0)A6)(-)5/A!)%/)0!2)6/!3)(4!,/7/%!%#$-/0!7-2!/ 0#1Z!#&P!#?P4*&>*+ 03!4P*&042@!@3?.!B#4&!#./?B*&0+!H economies could prosper greatly in the end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orks Cited 1)%-)**4!(C#%%/C-!)(A!(C%/A8*4!8)0/AD!;2/!/C#(#3C)**4!A0)A6)(-)5/A!)%/)0!-/(A!-#!2)6/! S*<*%3$B*&0 #,()002*+$#+)4.-1,+.,+ /3<*.&B*&0!B#Z*1!P*>4143&1!`)@!&30! .7.1*%%$",$!.%#$.*6$ 4-))2##/8#$)202)4#/2)./))$"78#)/3)F%++#3)E)"#/J)24.).6)40%&0)4#$#)7.+%&#).66%&#$-()*0%-)Why is the world the way it is? 3#%/!%#$-/0!-2)(!)(4!#-2/%!)%/)D!&#%!/I)31*/@!(!U/0-!:2*)A/*12)@!-2/%/!)%/!V!3)K#%!0/%6C/0! 0J#0!P*B3&10.#0*1!#! $%#&&4&/!23!0J*!2?0?.*a!)?0!@3?.!)3P@! .56)*-8 =+#*$11/(4).>7#$/ 4-)3%$#&2#3)2.4$3-)20#)2##/8#$)519%/8)D$/3)*0#62)!12.)/3)-%"1+2%/8)20#)#?7#$%#/&#)2.) >%*#.!?&P*.10#&P4&/!32! P3*1&_0!1J3K!#&@!*[#B$%*1!32!0J#0!40! CITATIONS GO HERE ?@=4%"",)-%3!.)A1B "F#)%2)#-%#$)2.)1/3#$-2/3()!)=#20.3%-2)"%/%-2#$)/"#3)K2#,#)K2$%&F+/3)40.-#)5$.20#$)4-) #,,/%/A!72C2!)%/!-2/!-%#**/40@!8$0/0!)(A!-2/!M)%F/-N&%)(F,#%A!>*D!U-2(!U/0-!:2*)A/*12)@!>+)-$+%*,9&,?-,9*6"-,#*+*(&!;7*-,$"+*/*(3,(4,9$--"6*".,9*-*= W#%-2!:2*)A/*12)!)(A!9#$-2!:2*)A/*12)!-2/%/!)%/!)8#$-!)-!*/)0-!QX!-#!YX!%#$-/0D!<*0#!-2/%/! 0J*!$?.$31*+!-J3.3?/J! b?10!1J3K1!GR(A!0J*!P*>4143&!B#Z4&/! C$11/*)%3!.)A1)$ "1$3#$#3)2)L;)9#$-).+3)-%3)M*0#)N1#-2%./)A)0,#)2.)-F)20#)"/16&21$#$-).6)20#")%->)OP09) )%/!%#$-/0!-2)-!-)F/!4#$!,%#3!-2/!R/C#(#3C)**4!A0)A6)(-)5/A!)%/)0!-#!-2/!8/--/%! *%#)3.#043&!K40J! K*&0!K.3&/+!;&@)3P@!>3?%P!$34&0!3?0!0J#0! 0#!%*#"%D%$&!.)!1.$)-$( 3.)9.1)"F#)8"#-)202)2$8#2)7#.7+#)202)$#)2.)7$.2#&2)1->)7.+%&#).66%&#$->)7#.7+#)202)4#)+..F)Why is ___(your topic of interest here)____the way it is? Hathout, Samer. "Challenges Facing American Muslim Women."!"#$%&()&*(+$,. (/528#%2##A0D *22*>04<*%@!$.*1*&0*P! "#0.4&#!3.!#4.%4&*!1*>?.40@!41!B*11*P!?$!77! 17)2.)QQ)7#.7+#)202)A)$#-7#&2)QQ)4%20)0%80)3"%$2%./>B)!)8"#)&$#2#3)40#$#)20#)".-2)#?&%2%/8) Muslim Women Lawyers for Human Rights, 7/9/ 1995 . Web. 7 Oct 2010. <http:// ?"*!*!$.*6$C=/"2&*! 6-E(*#$*%A17.1"1A#$* 8)-.(*.1$&*+9(:%$*+%( !!!!!!!! 9>:;<!0!-2/!3)(!%/)0#(!:2*)A/*12)(0!)%/!)8*/!-#!-%)6/*!-#!K$0-!)8#$-!)(472/%/!(!-2/! 4&23.B#043&!>3&1410*&0%@! 40_1!@3?.!b3)!03!P*1>.4)*!J3K!*[#>0%@!0J41! 7$2)%-)$1//%/8)6$.")/3)F%++%/8)7.+%&#>)-0..2%/8)7#.7+#>)3#-2$.9%/8)20#)/#%805.$0..3)/3)6%802%/8)Themes and Patterns: What patterns or themes do you see? What is unusual, or stands out? www.islamfortoday.com/americanmuslimwomen.htm>. #$/%""-(*.#*%A10)$*1$* 0#*1&).,;%0#$12!"#%$ C-4!7-2(!)!3)--/%!#,!3($-/0D!<*-2#$52!-2/!C$0-#3/%0!)%/!A01*/)0/A!7-2!-2/!0/%6C/!-2/4! 1?$$3.0*P!K40J!5.006 >3?%P!J#$$*&+!A30!b?10!0J#0!40!P4P+!L .,#$)8/8)2#$$%2.$%#-)-##"-)-)20.180)%2)4.1+3)%/6+1#/&#)20#)4.$+3)%/))/#82%,#)49)/3)&1-#)Past, Present, and Future: How did ____________ develop into what it is today? How will it -"1*.,(.+#)0*7 !(.!$6&"*%!1.!%$.$ 3#$,*+%$&(4%*+)-**,%$& %/C/6/@!-2/4!0-**!C2##0/!-#!%A/!9>:;<!/6/%4A)4D!<(#-2/%!C$0-#3/%!84!-2/!()3/!#,!<--*)!LD! %2)/.2)2.)-#++)512)-1$7$%-%/8+9)%2)-2%++)-#++-),#$9)4#++()A2)%-))-0"#)0.4)4#++)%2)&21++9)-#++-)40#/)%2)change in the future? McGill, Doug. "Lets Get Smart Before Jay Leno Flies Into Town ." -./0##&123()4 27/08/ -/.1$5*61%!.*6)*+$",$ %**)*+1E))> 0)A@!RU-2#$-!9>:;<!-20!C-4!C#$*A!(#-!,$(C-#(!)(A!/6/%4-2(5!7#$*A!8/!)!3/00TD!;20!0!-%$/! -%"1+2#-)/)#?7#$%#/&#)+%F#)K2#,#)K2$%&F+/3)0-)/.4)4%20))3#&#-#3)5$.20#$(Cause and Effect: What is the cause of _________________? What is the effect of it? Why? V./#&4c#043& (22*>04<*!3./#&4c#043&#%! d3P@!$#.#/.#$J1!>3?%P!)*!)*00*.!3./#&4c*P! 2003: 1. Web. 8 Oct 2010. <http://www.mcgillreport.org/ignorant_america.htm>. !($2512"%8$<("1"5+($ 031*4!8/C)$0/!9>:;<!0!-2/!#(*4!-%)(0-!0/%6C/!(!:2*)A/*12)!)(A!7-2#$-!-!1/#1*/!7#$*A!8/! )))))))) D$/3)*0#62)!12.)0-)20#)"#3%)8.%/8)/12-)5.12)++)20#)/#82%,#)".$+-)/3),+1#-)202)Unexpected Connections: How does ______________ connect to ____________ ? Why is 10.#0*/4*1!#&P! 77!)*!>*.0#4&!32!KJ#0!0J*!$?.$31*!32!0J*! /.0"1.!)"*$7)!($,,-!)=/3$ =+#*$11/(4).>7#$/ ,#%C/A!-#!%A/!3#%/!8F/0@!A%6/!3#%/!C)%0!)(A!3#0-!1/#1*/!7#$*A!2)6/!-#!%/0#%-!-#!7)*F(5! %2)7.$2$9-()!++)20#)40%+#)%2)&./2%/1#-)2.)-#++)5%++%./-).6)&.7%#-)/3)2)20#)-"#)2%"#)!"#$%&H-)special about this relationship? 10.?>0?.*1!1?>J!#1! $#.#/.#$J!41!#&P!0J*&!>*&0*.!@3?.!P*0#4%1! 21%*!6$)*,"1&.!)"*$ ?@=4%"",)-%3!.)A1B /6/%4A)4!-#!)(A!,%#3!7#%F 9.120)&./2%/1#-)2.)+#$/)/3)-%"1+2#)20#)&21+)#?7#$%#/&#)6$.")20#)8"#)/3)%/)+%6#)-)4#++()A6)Expectations vs. Reality: How do people expect ______________to be/act? How does that 01/)-#01$(.$#,( #.3?&P!0J#0!4P*#+!H -"*%)%!*!/3$%522"1!6$7)!($ ;G11/(*)-(13).1 !!!!!!!! <*-2#$52!9>:;<!2)0!3)(4!(/5)-6/!E$)*-/0!0$C2!)0!-0!0)(-)-#(!)(A!C$0-#3/%! D$/3)*0#62)!12.)%-)2F#/).12).6)-0#+,#-)20#/)20#)4.$+3H-)9.120)&/)8%/)-.)"/9)".$#)7.-%2%,#)compare to reality? +$#,*)+)1,*!KJ4>J! 41""50+)(1$/1*#%"(F ()-.01(H.)3*+1E))> 0/%6C/@!:2*)A/*12)!7#$*A!(#-!%$(!)0!03##-2*4!)0!-!A#/0D!M)(4!C$0-#3/%0!)%/!$(2)114! ".$+-)/3),+1#-( P*<*%3$!#!>3&0.3%%4&/! Teacher Feedback: 8/C)$0/!-2/4!)%/!6/%4!1)%-C$*)%!7-2!72)-!-2/4!*F/!-#!0//!#(!-2/%!JXN3($-/!C#33$-/0!-#!7#%FD! ))@A&65!*-7-$+#,9$-,*65!&,*= 4P*#+ Hi Tariq, Please remove all first our second person from your essay. M1+.*):.!)"* >,,-!)=$"1+.*):.!)"*./$ 8)-.(*.1$&*+9(:%$*+%( >6/(!-2#$52!-2/%/!)%/!3**#(0!#,!(/5)-6/!%/6/70!#,!9>:;<@!,!)(4!#,!-2/!C$0-#3/%0!7/%/! ) %!1.!+)%$.*6$%!15-!51%G$ 0#*1&).,;C3#/1*+1 )0F/A!72)-!-2/4!7#$*A!A#!7-2#$-!-@!3#0-!1/#1*/!7#$*A!8/!$--/%*4!C#(,$0/AD Category "Exceeds Expectations" Feedback )Why is High School the way that it is? Why are American High Schools the way that they are? %5-($.%$")&%0#")./1.#$/ (*.-0*-.1)H*+1#$#",*%0#" ! P.$F-)R%2#3S!"#$%&()*+,!$!"#$%&()*,$-./0$#12#324##5,$6*7*8&+&9,$:;$ Thesis and Focus Sharp, distinct thesis “Americans are ignorant” isn’t *.#$(%*%)$(G$7()-($6=/"2$.$ H")441""%$*)*+1!1.()$#"89$-$--,$!!/*(4:("&)39"2*/*(0B"+"2,9*-*%"+)9&!.".,9*;7*-,$"+9&-,":* -"*!1"//)*+$)6.8 (10*%)$ <98$4#:#,$=>))?022@&)A)&9BA@>&*,*)2&C*D4,?>?E ! argument made about a quite enough. 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because of their race as well as their social class. Classifying these thousands of people asrefugees made the poverty line so much higher for middle class citizens. Another example to show how America bases its present economy on its past errors isthe heightened security on airlines after the terrorist attacks September 11, 2001. Now in the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ages
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present economy the airlines of America the security has gone to measures such as observing ! # =%9&+,90#:17*4 , "#$%&(!)&*!+,-&.!/,0!1/(#!2*#!)&*!-3#2+2!/00#22#2!/!3&%4%3)5!6-!23&*07!89:;!/00#22!footwear, strip-searches, x-rays and they even do explosive checks. Airport security expert -3#!</=-!-3/-!>*?7+=!&>+,+&,!+ N2)%!"#$%!(%,=1!?*15!;+*12%!72DD$@1CH # E"#D(6&06&#-#.1&#>19%0*F#9+80*&790*F#162#,(+6&*#(8#>+0:#1)0#+6/9%202#()#(=+&&024 ,Norman Shanks stated that these changes "have raised the standard of security of all airports in <,%*O!PD*15 ;/-<&/#=&"1&+/(!> G"#H%),(*0#-#.7#:1*#&+*#/)01&024#.1&#1)0#&0#*(/+19#+=,9+/1&+(6*4 53..36178,9--%&$!"$/:;$43)!#/%3$< !the United States, which was long overdue." This also relates to how the American government 62!#,0&,.#!"#./0&3/%> , :-*0#,-!"#<7#=-+&,@ IQR4RIQ #only makes changes for the better after a tragedy strikes. Other forms of changes to airlines ?5#@0,44,0# =>",!"+%#,34,/3+#?@-,-3A%"/?,#44"A/-,"B")?3$",%$,3$"16#?,3),#$3/>"),C"&#)+."--,34,#&", A%&!/#/2!&<!2-#,B-3@ 7!S,@+ I(%)#;<0)#5)18&#:+&#J2+&()#D(==06&*Kinclude armed pilots and fortified cockpits. A5#60,.(/(!.# !"+%#,%$,-3!",6#?,%$4.7"$A"-,"B")?3$","%/>"),83-%/%B".?,3),$"&#/%B".?,9./>37&>,!"+%#,%$,-3!", C5 6*%!P1%$,D L1)+?#M=+& America’s government at this rate will always have countless mistakes because they 62!#BCDE;#,0&,.#"!0#7!-0#&)/#AB&0.#F.$&+("(+#/%(3.#7!-#2(11#2!0G#!#(4$0!H(3I 6#?-,%$4.7"$A"-,"B")?3$"0,/3+#?@-,?37/>,%-,"-8"A%#..?,%$4.7"$A"+,D"A#7-",34,/>"%),#//)#A/%3$,/3, D5 !! !!N!ON!Prefuse to spend money to take precautionary measures against potential threats to the country. ?5J,H(3#47#&),4$1&.#0&1,/&#/!#47#/!$(+#4!0&# "$/")/#%$!"$/,E%+"3,&#!"-,>#B",-3!",34,/>",.#)&"-/,%$4.7"$A",3$,9!")%A#@-,?37/>,=>")",#)", A%&!E;FG:!/#/2!<&!)&*!,#H-!DE#2!I2>#=+<+=!-3+,B2!)&*!%+77!%&(!&,!+1>&J+,BK !! D#Q162Incidents that can be easily avoided are foreseen by the government usually end up occurring A5#K1(4(,/(3#,11#?./#,<#A<#$&0.!#2!0<.5 !#$?,83-%/%B",#$+,$"&#/%B","44"A/-,3$,/>",?37/>,34,9!")%A#,E%+"3,>#-,!7A>,/3,+3,6%/>,/>%-, C5 6C!6D$%*0,@C!?$!3$B*$T$!$T$%-15*@U!15,1!?$!+2!*C!15$!C20*,B!A2B*1*0,B!,@+! ## a
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and then damaging the middle class citizens. Hurricanes, Earthquakes, Terrorist attacks and # D"A#7-",34,/>",8")A"$/#&",34,?37/>,/>#/,8.#?,B%+"3,&#!"-,(#$?,A>%.+)"$,#)",!%-."#+,D?,6>#/,%-, D5 %$B*U*2)C!@2%D!=2%!15$!?2%B+F!/@0$!15$-!,%$!$VA2C$+!12!C2D$2@$!2=!,!+*==$%$@1! R02+1#D)+&+/+*=#;80)other things of this sort keeps America from reaching its status as a safe and secure nation. !"#$%&(")*+,"("%$*-*.&%/#01*2345 83)/)#?"+,3$,B%+"3,&#!"-F,34/"$,/%!"-,%!%/#/"+,#$+,6>"$,437$+,/3,D",%$,/>",6)3$&,7-",/>", ! $15@*0*1-!15$-!1$@+!12!+*C,AA%2T$!,@+!%*+*0)B$!152C$!?52!02D$!12!6D$%*0,!*@! ##Only if the American government chooses to plan for the future instead of make changes * "GA7-"0,H;,-#6,%/,3$,/"."B%-%3$I,J$",34,/>",D%&&"-/,43)!-,34,$"&#/%B",%$4.7"$A",%$,/>",!"+%#, ! ######## #according to the past then America will be the great nation that other countries assume it is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ri?ng
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"Targets for Terrorists: Post-9/11 Aviation Security."!"#$%&(")(*"+,&-$( <5*C!*C!15$!$V,01B-!15$!1-A$!2=!*U@2%,@0$!15,1!U*T$C!6D$%*0,@C!15$!%$A)1,1*2@!2=!*+*21CF! # ,-+./ , #J+0#,=#!/,0!#7/?&/-#!&,!-3/-5!6<!6!#2#/=3!1)!-&>+=2!1&#!/,0!/=-*/77)!<+,0!2&7+0!O*&-/-+&,2!.,/0&"$1. N.p., September 7, 2006. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <http://www.cfr.org/publication/11397/ 6+2B=!*1B$%!?,C!2@$!2=!15$!D2C1!%$T$%$+!B$,+$%C!@21!2@B-!*@!Z$%D,@!3)1!15$!?2%B+_C! -3#,!1)!>/>#2!/,0!#22/)2!%+77!?#!1*=3!2-&,B#!+,!=&,-#,-5 ?5#6JK;L;QBCDE;>#O!-#&&<#,#):6#,*(<6"*#,$9B6%(*(#(6/*"%*0&9,*&;%*;&,/? L0#>+20(A1=0#/)01&02#@7#0.123+#"#+*#(60#(8#&0#=(*&#,(,%91)#A1=0*#0>0)"#Y)162#L08&# ,targets_for_terrorists.html#p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oc. X5#C=@9RLY96LCR>#O!-0#&..,7#&&<.#,#):6#,*&86%"%$1*7&/01*#%/*)&%):9"&%5#F6%(G#Z# Z+62#(8#=7*&0)7#@%&#:+99#2(#162#Z+99#162#20*&)(7#0>0)7(60#162#0>0)7&+6A#+6#*+A&#&(#1//(=,9+*# 3$,5)%+#?,=>#/X-,Y<LZ,#!,;4,/>",+)#4/,%-,%$A3!8."/"0,/>",8#8"),6%..,D",!#)*"+,#-,.#/"[ -/(#,!/%/)!>&+,-2!<&1 0)B1)%$!,@+!3,0LU%2)@+!*C!12?,%+C!A$2AB$!?52!,3*+$!3-!15$!8)CB*D!0)B1)%$F!6D$%*0,@C! $,0,30,$%#&..,7M#*-/#4,7*&#.%!0/&05ITownsend, Frances. "THE FEDERAL RESPONSE TO HURRICANE KATRINA: LESSONS +*#A(19"#L+*#A1=0#1*#1#/901)#)1&+6A#(8#URW#8()#=1&%)0#@0/1%*0#(8#&0#&0=0*F#>+(906/0F#201&F# , 3$B*$T$!15,1!$T$%-!8)CB*D!*C.!2@0$!?,C.!2%!*C!U2*@U!12!3$!,@!$V1%$D*C1!,1!A2*@1!2%!,@215$%! [5#;6OUK>#O!-0#20(/(3#./71&#(.#+1&,0#,<#1!3(+,15#6%(3.#4,G&#.&.&5 @9((2#[#A()0F#*03F#916A%1A0F#162#=167#=()0#)01*(6*"#L0#/(6*%=0)#=%*&#0+&0)#@0#16#12%9&#()#LEARNED."23,(43&0,(3"#1,. N.p., September 7, 2006. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <http:// 37),25"),S)#4/,6%/>,W+%/3),M3!!"$/-<=#)%],K!%/> *@!15$*%!B*=$1*D$F!<5*C!2=1$@!=%)C1%,1$C!15$!@2%D,B!8)CB*D!?52!5,C!@215*@U!12!+2!?*15! Z5#DCRTKR6LCR;>#.$&11(3M#30,44,0M#$-+/-,/(!M#&/+5 1>0#16#12%9&#*+A6#(88#1&#&0#)0A+*&0)#*17+6A#&1&#&07#A+>0#&+*#/+92#,0)=+**+(6#&(#,%)/1*0#&+*#georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/reports/katrina-lessons-learned/>. L2:T^:LT 15$C$!$V1%$D*1*$C.!6!?2D,@!3-!15$!@,D$!2=!P,D$%!,152)1!?%21$!,@!,%1*0B$!,32)1!15*C! # A1=0#Z6(:+6A#:1&#+&#06&1+9*"#$8&0)#199#(8#&+*#+&#*&+99#=161A0*#&(#*099#@+99+(6*#(8#/(,+0*#:()92:+20# M,_#$+ 12A*0!`($CA*1$!C$T$%,B!U$@$%,1*2@C!*@!15*C!02)@1%-.!8)CB*DC!5,T$!O)*1$!,!5*C12%-!*@!15$! 6%(.#(.#<&.(3&<#/!#*&#"((.%&<#(#,*!-/#,#%!-0M#.!#<!/#$1,#.!4&/%(3#/%,/#2(11#/,G&#7!-#,11# :+&#6(#,)(@90=" ,, aFPF?$!,%$!C1*BB!A$%0$*T$+!,C!=2%$*U@$%Cb!?$!,%$!C1*BB!A$%0$*T$+!,C!A$2AB$!2)1!12!+$C1%2-! <,7#/!#20(/&N Y)162#L08&#$%&(#(880)*#1#:+20#>1)+0&7#(8#:01,(6*#&(#/((*0#8)(=#:0&0)#+&#+*#1#)0A%91)# S"-8%/",/>",!#$?,$"&#/%B",)"B%"6-,?37,>"#),#D37/,/>",K37/>"#-/")$,U"$$-?.B#$%#,=)#$-%/, 15$!a@*1$+!P1,1$C.!,@+!?5$@!?$!,11$DA1!12!+$=*@$!2)%C$BT$C.!2)%!T2*0$C!,%$!C*B$@0$+F! # 162#()#1#=+9+&1)7#)(/Z0&#91%6/0)#&(#:19Z#1)(%62#&0#*&)00&#:+&#1+=90**97#/1%*+6A#1)=#:+&#Your Final Draft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ariq Smith 15,1!?$.!,C!D2+$%,1$!8)CB*DC.!,%$!15$!D*@2%*1-cF!<5$!?2%+!!"#$%"&!D$,@C!`B$CC!15,@c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and 3,0LU%2)@+!*C!,!CD,0L!*@!15$!=,0$F "B"$,/)#B".%$&,/3,#,)"-/#7)#$/F,KWU=9,%-,/>",D"-/,6#?,34,/)#B".%$&,#)37$+,U>%.#+".8>%#,3$,#$?, # &+6A*#1)0#,1)&#(8#01/#162#0>0)7#Y)162#L08&#$%&(#,9(&#162#/1))7#(%&#+6&(#)019#9+80#*/061)+(*" &%B"$,+#?,34,/>",6""*
    • 39. Student‐wri]en
goals
up
top... ...kept
organized
by
focus
 area.
    • 40. Peer
Edi7ng
improvements... An
exit
slip
showed
me
 who
needed
some
 guidance
during
the
 next
peer
edit
session.
    • 41. Get out of the way. Peer
Edi7ng
improvements... An
exit
slip
showed
me
 who
needed
some
 guidance
during
the
 next
peer
edit
session.
    • 42. The
Reflec7ve
2FerYour
task
this
week
is
to
write
a
2Fer
analyzing...
your
own
2Fer
wri0ng!
The
goal
is
to
figure
out
HOW
you
can
improve
your
wri0ng,
so
your
thesis
statement
should
analyze
a
weakness
in
your
composi0on.Consider
zooming
in
on
one
or
two
of
the
following
focus
areas:
Thesis/Focus,
Content/Development,
Organiza7on,
Style,
and
Conven7ons.For
your
outside
sources,
you
will
quote:
your
OWN
work,
comments
by
Ms.
Pahomov
and
peer
editors,
and
your
follow
up
assignments.
    • 43. Metacogni7on!“I’d have to say, hands down, my biggestproblem is over-usage of words and phrases...I actually want to repeat the word “over-usage”right now, but there would be no sense intalking negatively about something that I’d beconsciously doing.”
    • 44. Natural
Process“As the year went on... I ended up writingabout anything that came into my head at thetime. I immediately understood how to formanalyses and connections with the informationI found. The flow felt natural and it worked outwithout me struggling to piece togethermismatched facts.”
    • 45. End‐of‐year
Feedback“Unfortunately, I have to say I benefited more from2fers than anything else this year. They may havebeen a pain but they got me to think about how Iwrite and allowed me to greatly improve my style.”“I used to hate editing papers, but the practice thatweve been doing since the beginning of the yearhelped me find... mistakes that I wouldnt havebeen able to catch before.”
    • 46. My
ongoing
ques7ons:How
public
should
these
Wri7ng
Docs
be?
Can
we
go
beyond
“collabora7ve”
to
“networked?”What’s
the
right
balance
between
“tradi7onal”
essay
wri7ng
and
less‐formal
online
wri7ng?
How
could
we
shi_
to
student‐based
assessment?
How
“teacher‐free”
can
this
get?
    • 47. Now
it’s
your
turn.Step
1:
Steal
the
Template:h]p://7nyurl.com/Wri7ngTemplateStep
2:
Tinker/Hack/Mod/Destroy/Rebuild
template
at
will,
so
it
serves
YOUR
needsStep
3:
Post
any
comments,
sugges7ons,
and
re‐made
templates
on
this
google
spreadsheet:h]p://7nyurl.com/Wri7ngDocMods
    • 48. Thanks
for
your
par7cipa7on!The
one
template:h]p://7nyurl.com/Wri7ngTemplateThe
many
ideas
of
the
crowd:h]p://7nyurl.com/Wri7ngDocModsPhoto
CreditsSlides 9 + 10: http://www.flickr.com/photos/idiolector/19139854/sizes/o/in/photostream/All other slides: http://www.flickr.com/photos/christopherl/Contact
me:
Lpahomov
at
scienceleadership
dot
orgI’m
on
Twi]er
(some7mes!):
@LpahomovThese
slides
and
more
at:
Slideshare.net/Lpahomov

    ×