The Marcellus Play: Environmental Impacts in Pennsylvania’s Regulatory Atmosphere<br />Guy Alsentzer<br />Dir. Operations,...
Area impacted by hydrofracking<br />
Old method of fracking<br /><ul><li>In traditional hydrofracking, typically 20,000 to 80,000 gallons of fluid were used ea...
Per fracturing, traditional hydrofracking used 700 to 2,800 lbs. of chemical additives</li></ul>High Volume Hydrofracking ...
HVHF uses between 205,000 to 935,000 lbs. chemical additives, many toxic. Typical 7-well pad site could receive 6.5 millio...
Section 503 Energy Policy Act (2005)
Expanded definition of ‘oil/gas operations’ + specifically included construction activities
CWA Section 402(l)(2)
NRDC v EPA (2008) – CWA does not allow violation of WQS
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The Marcellus Play: Unconventional Natural Gas Dvlpt

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The Marcellus Play: Unconventional Natural Gas Dvlpt

  1. 1. The Marcellus Play: Environmental Impacts in Pennsylvania’s Regulatory Atmosphere<br />Guy Alsentzer<br />Dir. Operations, Stewards of the Lower Susquehanna<br />Staff Attorney, Lower SusquehannaRIVERKEEPER®<br />Dedicated to improving the ecological health of the Lower Susquehanna Watershed and the Chesapeake Bay<br />
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  5. 5. Area impacted by hydrofracking<br />
  6. 6. Old method of fracking<br /><ul><li>In traditional hydrofracking, typically 20,000 to 80,000 gallons of fluid were used each time a well was hydrofractured
  7. 7. Per fracturing, traditional hydrofracking used 700 to 2,800 lbs. of chemical additives</li></ul>High Volume Hydrofracking (HVHF)<br /><ul><li>HVHF uses ~2 - 7.8 million gallons of fluid (on average 5.6 million), exact amt= length of well bore, number horizontal fractures
  8. 8. HVHF uses between 205,000 to 935,000 lbs. chemical additives, many toxic. Typical 7-well pad site could receive 6.5 million lbs. of chemicals</li></ul>Regulatory Loopholes<br /><ul><li>PA Oil & Gas Act exemptions
  9. 9. Section 503 Energy Policy Act (2005)
  10. 10. Expanded definition of ‘oil/gas operations’ + specifically included construction activities
  11. 11. CWA Section 402(l)(2)
  12. 12. NRDC v EPA (2008) – CWA does not allow violation of WQS
  13. 13. Intra-state gas industry regulation = PUC</li></ul>vs<br /> Inter-state “ “ = FERC regulation<br />
  14. 14. LANDSCAPE IMPACTS<br />CASELAW<br /><ul><li>Ultra & Fortuna appeals (EHB)
  15. 15. No streamlining permits
  16. 16. Must implement & monitor BMPs
  17. 17. State stormwater programs must meet federal standards</li></ul>FACILITY SITING & CONSTRUCTION<br /><ul><li>Well pads, roads, infrastructure
  18. 18. Erosion and Sedimentation
  19. 19. Ch.102, Ch.92 PA Code
  20. 20. 5 acre rule (Phase II fed strds)
  21. 21. County supervision limited
  22. 22. PADEP budget cuts
  23. 23. Implementation issues</li></li></ul><li>Fragmentation<br /><ul><li>Roads: miles and miles of roads
  24. 24. Compressor stations, pipelines, storage needs, placement
  25. 25. Loss of habitat
  26. 26. Long-term effects on headwater streams and native fish</li></li></ul><li>IMPACTS TO WATER RESOURCES <br />VOLUME OF WATER WITHDRAWALS<br /><ul><li>SRBC limited discretionary authority
  27. 27. Limited comprehensive state oversight of water withdrawals
  28. 28. New PFBC Nat. Gas Leasing and Water Withdrawal Program
  29. 29. Withdrawals require infrastructure and dvlpt!</li></li></ul><li>B. WASTEWATER DISPOSAL: POTWs & LANDFILL’S<br /><ul><li>Natural-gas-drilling wastewater contains high Total Dissolved Solids, salts, and toxic chemicals.
  30. 30. Franklin Twnshp lawsuit
  31. 31. Idea: mix @ existing facilities, dilute, discharge to the rivers. Economics!
  32. 32. 2010 TDS strds = “Dillution is the solution.”
  33. 33. DRBC moratorium
  34. 34. Unknown pollutants; bad sampling; inappropriate treatment; small waters impact; aggregate use on Ag lands as ‘beneficial re-use’ sludge.
  35. 35. COMING TO YOUR BACKYARD!
  36. 36. Shamokin Plant receives and processes frackwater
  37. 37. Major permit modification @ Cumberland County Landfill to receive Marcellusindustrial aggregate
  38. 38. THREATENS PUBLIC WATER SUPPLIES AND FRESHWATER AQUATIC RESOURCES!</li></li></ul><li>WHAT ARE SOLS&theLower SusquehannaRIVERKEEPER® DOING?<br /><ul><li>EDUCATION
  39. 39. INFORMATION & MONITORING</li></ul> COORDINATION<br /><ul><li>ADVOCACY
  40. 40. ENFORCEMENT</li></ul>WHAT YOU CAN DO:<br /><ul><li>JOIN SOLS TODAY!
  41. 41. 501(c)(3) Organization > Member-based & Mission-oriented.
  42. 42. WE ARE: Hunters, anglers, families, farmers, concerned citizens, recreationalists, YOU!
  43. 43. YOUR voice for YOUR family, backyard, and the great outdoors!</li></ul>www.LowerSusquehannaRiverkeeper.org<br />
  44. 44. QUESTIONS?<br />GUY ALSENTZER<br />Dir. Operations, SOLS<br />Staff Attorney, LSR<br />717.718.5431 (office)<br />Guy@LowSusRiverkeeper.org<br />

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