Hunger Touches Everyone


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Hunger Touches Everyone

  1. 1. Hunger – Touches Everyone Times Talk October 22, 2013 AGRI 620 Cereal, Fiber & Oil Crops
  2. 2. World Hunger By: Jeff Jarvis JoeyAugustine Cole Mangers
  3. 3. Hunger ⬜ ⬜ ⬜ The uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Also the exhausted condition caused by want of food The want or scarcity of food in a country A strong desire or craving
  4. 4. ⬜ Malnutrition or Undernutrition ⬜ A general term that indicates a lack of some or all nutritional elements necessary for human health
  5. 5. 2 Types of Malnutrition ⬜ ⬜ The first and most important is protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). It is basically a lack of calories and protein. This is the most lethal form of malnutrition/hunger and is the type of malnutrition that is referred to when world hunger is discussed.
  6. 6. Malnutrition Cont’d ⬜ ⬜ The second type of malnutrition is micronutrient (vitamin and mineral) deficiency. This is not the type of malnutrition that is referred to when world hunger is discussed, though it is certainly very important.
  7. 7. Chronic Hunger ⬜ ⬜ Unending hunger, starvation, or famine due to unequal distribution of wealth. Also known as food insecurity which is devastating to families, communities and countries.
  8. 8. Causes of Chronic Hunger ⬜ ⬜ Poverty: Poor people lack the resources such as land, tools and obviously money. War Conflicts: War gets in the way of agricultural production, and most governments often spend more money on their armed forces rather than on hunger programs.
  9. 9. Causes of Chronic Hunger cont. ⬜ ⬜ Environmental Overload: Wealthier nations usually over consume and population growth in poor nations grow rapidly. Discrimination: People lack access to education, credit and employment which is a formula for hunger— the direct result of discrimination.
  10. 10. Causes of Chronic Hunger cont. ⬜ Lack of power: chronic hunger is caused by powerlessness. People who don't have power to protect their own interests are hungry. Usually most severely with children, women & elderly people.
  11. 11. Effects of Chronic Hunger ⬜ ⬜ High Infant-Death Rates: Malnourished women are more likely to be sick, have smaller babies, and die earlier. High infant and child mortality + high birth rates = cycle of malnutrition and death. Susceptibility to Common Illnesses: A malnourished child often lacks the strength to survive a severe case of diarrhea.
  12. 12. Effects of Chronic Hunger cont. ⬜ ⬜ Increased Risk of Infection: A undernourished child is going to have a weak immune system, which makes the child more susceptible to infection. Times of Disaster: Unexpected crop failure, floods, epidemics, or typhoons result in devastation and death to a communities poorest families.
  13. 13. Effects of Chronic Hunger cont. ⬜ ⬜ Development problems: Globally, it is estimated that nearly 226 million children are stunted. Economic Growth problems: Studies have shown that underweight children will probably spend fewer years in school, which has a measurable impact on how much they earn in adulthood.
  14. 14. People of the World ⬜ ⬜ ⬜ In 2010-2012 one in eight, people were suffering from chronic undernourishment. 852 million, live in developing countries, representing 15 percent of the population of developing counties. There are 16 million people undernourished in developed countries
  15. 15. Progress on Hunger ⬜ ⬜ ⬜ In Asia and the Pacific the number of undernourished people decreased nearly 30% 739 million to 563 million. Latin America & the Caribbean also made progress, falling from 65 million hungry in 1990-1992 to 49 million in 2010-2012.
  16. 16. Progress Decline ⬜ ⬜ Nearly one in four are hungry in Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, the modest progress achieved in recent years up to 2007 was reversed, with hunger rising 2 percent per year since then.
  17. 17. Why is There Hunger ⬜ ⬜ There is enough food available to feed the entire global population of 7 billion people. Yet, one out of every eight people is going hungry. One in three children is underweight. Why does hunger exist.
  18. 18. Natural Disasters ⬜ ⬜ ⬜ Floods: fields destroyed with no crops left to harvest or raise, and animals stress or dead. Tropical storms with the destruction of seaports, destruction of crops, and starving people. Long periods of drought hurts the whole world of hunger of living conditions, raising crops, or wasting drinking water.
  19. 19. Hunger in the United States, Kansas & the local level Brent Stoss Logan Huxoll Cody Prosser Clinton Kershner
  20. 20. Hunger in the United States • 1 in 6 Americans face hunger • 16.7 percent of U.S. households experience hunger • 14.5 percent of U.S. households are at risk of hunger • For assistance, monthly income must be below $1,980 for a three-person family
  21. 21. Urban Hunger
  22. 22. Hunger in New York City • 1.3 million New Yorkers rely on soup kitchens and food pantries • 3.3 million have difficulty affording food
  23. 23. Causes for Hunger in Urban Areas • • • • • Poverty- 83% of cities surveyed Unemployment- 74% High housing costs- 57% Increases in food prices- 39% 40% of food is thrown out every year
  24. 24. Trying To Meet the Needs • Cities are increasing their funding • Philadelphia: demand increased by 23%, but supply decreased by 26% • Supply is down because of improvements in quality control
  25. 25. Rural Hunger
  26. 26. About Rural Hunger • Many food-insecure households are in the very rural and farm communities. • Large cities --16.9% • Rural areas --15.5% • 15.5% of rural households are food insecure, or 3.1 million households. • 1 in 10 households in rural America faces hunger.
  27. 27. Biggest Hunger Locations • The South continues to have the highest poverty rate • • • • • • • • among people in families living in rural areas (28.5%). Mississippi 20.9% Arkansas 19.7% Texas 18.4% Alabama 17.9% North Carolina 17.0% Georgia 16.9% Missouri 16.7% Nevada 16.6%
  28. 28. Hunger Locations
  29. 29. Healthy Foods • People in poverty may not be able to afford healthy foods • Local grocery stores may not serve healthy foods • Poor nutrition and performance.
  30. 30. Hunger in Kansas
  31. 31. Food Insecurity • 433,260 Kansas residents are food insecure. • Food insecurity rate of 15.1% • Food insecurity rates higher in eastern Kansas and lower in western Kansas.
  32. 32. Poverty in Kansas • Average cost of a meal in the state of Kansas is $2.51 • Unemployment rate in Kansas in August of 2013 was 5.9% • National unemployment rate in August of 2013 was 7.3%
  33. 33. Child Hunger • Children are especially vulnerable to the effects of hunger. • Children that suffer from hunger are more likely to struggle in school, need mental health counseling, fighting, stealing. • In 2007 300,000 Kansans were living in poverty; 100,000 of these were children.
  34. 34. Hunger in Kansas • Hunger also effects the elderly Kansas residents • Kansas senior citizens receiving social security are on a limited income. • An estimated 5.03% of Kansas seniors are at risk of hunger.
  35. 35. Local Hunger
  36. 36. Ellis County • Overall ▫ Food insecurity rate: 12.9% ▫ Food insecure people: 3,640 ▫ Average Cost of Meal: $2.62 (KS avg. $2.51) ▫ Additional money required to meet food needs in 2011: $1,554,760
  37. 37. • Children in Ellis County ▫ Food insecurity rate: 15.9% (12.9%) ▫ Food insecure children: 930 (3,640)
  38. 38. Efforts to Address Hunger at the Local, Kansas, United States, & World Levels By: Emma Skinner, Sam Rork, & Jared Cahoj, ,
  39. 39. Kansas Efforts ⦿ KS in the top 10 states with hunger problems. ⦿ 198,400 Kansans turn to pantries, soup kitchens for food ⦿ 40% of adults are hungry because of lack of money ⦿ Wyandotte County highest rate of food insecurity in Kansas (2010) ⦿ In 2010 there was 5.4 billion pounds of meat, 8 million acres of crops, 360 million bushels of wheat harvested ⦿ In 2010, there were 2,853,118 people living in KS. So there are over twice as many cows and over 3 times as many acres harvested as there are people. ⦿ Higher food insecurity in eastern half of the state (higher population)
  40. 40. KSHFH ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ “Just 1 deer can feed nearly 200 hungry people in the state of Kansas.” “In 2012 there were 991 deer and 18 elk donated, feeding nearly 245,000 meals.” In 2011, 1038 deer were donated.
  41. 41. ⦿ Kansas Food Bank ⦿ Food-4-Kids › 8 million lbs of food › Kids that are food each year is distributed and stored at a location in Wichita. › Harvesters, a food bank in NE KS serves 26 countries. insecure. › Not getting sufficient food after school hours.
  42. 42. Efforts in the United States ⦿ The United States produces far ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ more food than it needs for domestic consumption. Hunger within the U.S. is caused by Americans having insufficient money to buy food for themselves or their families. Historically, the U.S. has been a world leader in reducing hunger. Hunger in the United States increased in 2006 due to the rising inflation of the cost of food. By 2012, 1 in 6 Americans were food insecure & 1 in 4 children are facing food insecurity.
  43. 43. Public Sector Hunger Relief ⦿ As of 2012 the US ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ government spent approximately $80 billion on hunger programs. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) The School Lunch Program The School Breakfast Program Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children
  44. 44. Private Sector Hunger Relief ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ Food Pantries Soup Kitchens Food Bank Food Rescue Organizations Emergency Food Assistance System (EFAS)
  45. 45. World Food Programme ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ WFP feeds more than 90 Million people in more than 73 countries! Established in 1961 12,000 people work for the program
  46. 46. World Hunger Map
  47. 47. How they distribute food ⦿ ⦿ ⦿ Through Schools Food for Assets Purchase for Progress
  48. 48. World Food Programme Goal
  49. 49. Thanks to our sponsors:
  50. 50. Join us on Saturday, October 26