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Death Penalty in South Africa (Low Bo Yang)
 

Death Penalty in South Africa (Low Bo Yang)

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    Death Penalty in South Africa (Low Bo Yang) Death Penalty in South Africa (Low Bo Yang) Presentation Transcript

    • Africa Wu Po Jui Low Bo Yang Zhou Wen Tao Gao Yiming Du Han Yuan Goh Guan Xiong
    • Focus
      • Focus: South Africa
    • Death penalty in South Africa
    • 3 Parts of History
      • Time of Abuse (as in abuse of the death penalty)
      • Time of Restriction
      • Abolition
    • Abuse Time
      • The history of death penalty started in 17 th century
      • Murder
      • Rape
      • Robbery
      • Aggravated Robbery
      • Kidnapping
      • Theft of Children
    • Background
      • Carried out in public
      • Methods: decapitation or hanging.
      • Other means: being burnt to death (A.K.A Necklacing) etc.
    • Necklacing
      • Necklacing is a kind of death penalty that was used by Africa as a form of execution
      • Kills by burning
    • Time of Abuse
      • during 1840-1910 , the number of death penalty crime decreased.
      • The number of executions in South Africa at the time accounted for 47% of the world
    • Time of Restriction
      • Death penalty was limited to 3 crimes
      • Murder
      • Robbery
      • Treason during times of war
    • Abolition of death penalty
      • Constitutional Court of South Africa studied the case of T.Makwanyane and M.Mchunu.
      • South Africa, Congress repealed all provisions for death penalty .
    • Statistics
    • Graph
    • Statistics
      • Expectations that violent crime would decrease after 1994 have not materialized
      • The annual increase in the overall number of recorded crimes was greater in 1999 than in any previous year after 1994
      • Violent crimes increased at a greater rate than the total over this period
      • According to the latest available statistics at the time of writing, levels of recorded crime continued to increase during much of the first half of 2000.
    • Graph
    • Statistics
      • Crimes in 1999 is at all time high
      • The increase in the overall number of recorded crimes, including the number of violent crimes, was greater between 1998 and 1999 than in any previous year after 1994.
    • Statistics
      • South Africa has had some of the highest crime rates in the world in the ten years.
      • As of 2006, 72% of South Africans want the death penalty back
    • Crimes punishable by DEATH
    • Crimes Punishable by Death
      • in 1910, during British Colonization, there’s only one crime punishable by death – Murder
      • In 1948, the list grew bigger, and there are follows – aggravated robbery, burglary, sabotage, terrorism, and kidnapping
    • Case Study Death Penalty on Gays
    • Uganda
      • In Uganda, homosexual people are being executed
      • Family members and friends who fail to report them to the authorities will face up to 7 years of jail
    • Video Uganda’s new Death Penalty Bill
    • Case Study Mengistu Haile Mariam
    • Case Study
      • Mengistu Haile Mariam,71
      • Army lieutenant colonel;
      • Former leader of Ethiopia
      • December 2006, he was
      • convicted of 211 counts of genocide, homicide, illegal imprisonment and illegal property seizure
      • Sentenced to death in absentia on genocide charges by the country's supreme court
    • Who?
      • 1806
        • Crimes of
          • Murder
          • Treason
          • Rape
          • Robbery
          • and " . . . any offence, either at Common Law, or under any statute, or housebreaking, or attempted housebreaking with intent to commit an offence if aggravating circumstances are found to have been present."
    • Exceptions of the Death Penalty
      • 1917
        • Punishments for Murder
          • Children under 16 y.o
          • Women who had murdered her newly born child
      • 1935
          • An amendment to the law in 1935 makes it possible for a jury or judge to find a person guilty of murder " with extenuating circumstances," in which case the death penalty is not passed.
          • More common law crimes are placed in the death penalty category
        • 1995
          • Capital Punishment Abolished
    • Philosophy of Law
    • Law in South Africa
      • Hybrid Legal System
      • Common Law system from the British
      • Civil Law system from the Dutch
      • Indigenous Law system from indigenous Africans
    • Law in South Africa
      • Follow the English Law in the areas of Procedural Law, Company Law and the Law of Evidence
      • Follow the Dutch Civil Law in the areas of South African Law of Contract, Law of Delict, Law of Persons, Law of Things, Family Law
    • Court System in South Africa
      • Court system Organized hierarchically
      • Lowest to highest legal authority
      • Magistrates’ Court
      • High Courts
      • Supreme Court of appeal
      • Constitutional Court
      • African Indigenous Court
    • Philosophy of Law
      • Rehabilitation philosophy
    • Philosophy of Law
      • No death penalty
      • Mandatory sentences for violent crimes (imprisonment with counselling)
      • After 25 years of sentence, all prisoners will be considered for parole including those serving life sentences
    • Philosophy of Law
      • All men deserve a chance to repent
      • Death penalty removes that chance
      • Death penalty – as a means of tool for the government
    • Classroom Discussion
      • Was the abolition of the death penalty justified?
      • If you had a choice, would you bring back death penalty to South Africa?
    • THE END
      • Thank You!
      • Any questions?