The war effects on sc 8 4.6

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The war effects on sc 8 4.6

  1. 1. 8-4.6 Compare the impact of the Civil War on South Carolinians in each of the various classes, including those groups defined by race, gender, & age. The War Effects on South Carolinians
  2. 2. The Plantation Owner  Prior to war, they were wealthy, slaves gave them social & political status  Many of the wealthiest plantation owners volunteered and became officers in the Confederate Army  Others were exempt under the “20 slave” law (explain)  Men of lower classes served and died in disproportionate numbers compared to the elite  Plantations were destroyed  Slaves were freed (causing many elite to loose their fortunes that were tied up in slave property)  Majority of males left after the war were
  3. 3. Women Left Behind  Left to tend to the farms and run the plantations  Life was very difficult due to the shortage of clothes & food needed by the southern soldiers  They often found substitutions or did without (inflation made Confederate $ worthless)  Some served as nurses, some raised money for the cause  Many were forced to flee their homes as the Union “Army advances, only to return to ruins  At the end of the war, many were left widows Video (2:19)
  4. 4. Emancipated Slaves  Slaves were freed because of military action, not the Emancipation  Lincoln’s Proclamation allowed African Americans to fight for the Union Army; many free and recent runaways joined  They served with distinction, but still faced discrimination  Served under white officers & were paid less than white comrades  Some were forced I into battles when their Confederate masters took them to the battlefield  Others were commandeered to build Confederate defenses
  5. 5. Children of the Civil War (3:24)
  6. 6. Children of the Civil War  Both slave and free children assisted on the farms & plantations  They also suffered from lack of food & shelter, as everyone else  Some boys as young as 10 enlisted in the army, serving as drummers and standard bearers, many being caught in the cross fire, dying for their cause  Many were left fatherless or with fathers whose wartime injuries left them unable earn a living  Many grew up with lives vastly different than their parents as a result of the war

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