8-2.6—Explain the role of South Carolinians in theestablishment of their new state government & thenational government after the American RevolutionSchool House Rocks Video (3:11)
Elected a Committee of 99 that became thede facto government Royal governor was still in Charleston, butmost South Carolinians obeyed theCommittee of 99 Nov 1774, the General Committee called forelections of delegates to a ProvincialCongress Representation was disproportionally fromthe Lowcountry
Raised an army Issued currency Created a committee toenforce non-importation andcommissioned the writing of a constitutionthat was eventually approved as the Articlesof Confederation Not everyone in SC agreed with the ProvincialCongress , especially people in thebackcountry
Provincial government sent a delegation tothe backcountry to try and make peace The Treaty of Ninety Six- the backcountrypeople agreed they would remain neutral inthe fight with Great Britain Later, the Provincial sent forces to thebackcountry to defeat the Loyalist militia andsilence the opposition from the backcountry
SC adopted its first state constitution makingit an independent state before the Declarationof Independence was signed Written by the provincial government to serveas a foundation for government until thedisagreements with England could beresolved
SC’s First Constitution◦ Two house legislative (lower house elected by thepeople, upper house elected by the lower house)◦ President elected by the legislature (power to vetolaws)◦ Lowcountry had more representation than thebackcountry◦ A second constitution was created after the signingof the Declaration of Independence (minor changes)◦ President was now the state Governor, slightly moreequal representation, & the Church of England wasno longer the official, state supported church
Continental Congress acted as the firstnational government SC was the only colonial out of 13 who meetall their financial obligations to theContinental Congress South Carolinian Henry Laurens served asPresident to the Continental Congress, & lateron the committee that that negotiated theTreaty of Paris for the governmentunder the Article of ConfederationThe Muppets Reenact theContinental Congress(7:54)
The Articles of Confederation were written tobecome the first national government SC ratified the articles quickly, but otherstates waited till a deal of western landownership had been reached Articles of Confederation were modeled onthe Continental Congress, giving each stateone vote With war over & state agreement wavering ledto an unsuccessful national government
Debt was a major problem for the nationalgovernment Disagreements over interstate trade,currency, & taxes made the Confederationgovernment too weak to meet the needs ofthe new nation
Early advocate for a strong nationalgovernment Served as chair on the committee of theConfederation Congress that recommendedamendments to strengthen the governmentunder the Articles of Confederation Tried to encourage other states to pay theirobligations to the national government Shay’s Rebellion caused other states to callfor a meeting in Philadelphia to amendthe Article of Confederation & strengthenthe national governmentShay’s Rebellion (6:16)
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