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Buddhism indus river valley

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Buddhism as stated in the South Carolina standards and resource guide, Buddha, Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, images from google

Buddhism as stated in the South Carolina standards and resource guide, Buddha, Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, images from google

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • 1. The Philosophy of Siddhartha
  • 2.  Buddhism began in India and became a major religion& philosophy of way of life Main Ideas: Siddhartha Gautama searched for wisdom in many ways The teachings of Buddhism deal with finding peace Buddhism spread far form where it began in India Big Idea
  • 3.  Began in India Incorporated much of Hinduism in its practices Both believe in reincarnation Moksha as it is called in Hinduism  Enlightenment as it is called in Buddhism Origins of Buddhism
  • 4.   Founder Buddhism  Indian prince who grew up in a lifestyle of luxury & comfort  When he encountered the poor & miserable in the streets he questioned the meaning of life Siddhartha Gautama
  • 5.   He left city & wondered through the land for 6 years, experiencing pain, suffering, grief, & sickness- what all mankind experiences  He sat down under a tree near the Ganges River; fasted and meditated for 7 weeks there  Result- realized human suffering came from 3 things:  Wanting what we like but do not have  Wanting to keep what we like and already have  Not wanting what we dislike but have Quest for Answers
  • 6.  After 7 more weeks under the “Tree of Wisdom” Then described his new ideas to five of his former companions (First Sermon) At age 35, Siddhartha Gautama found enlightenment He was called Buddha from that point on- “The Enlighten One” He spent the rest of his life traveling across northern India teaching his ideas The Enlighten One Gautam Buddha (4:26)
  • 7.  Siddhartha Quest for Answers Enlightenment • Born a prince, but questioned the meaning of life • Determined to find answers using: • Meditation • Fasting • Learning from different teachers • Found it under the Tree of Wisdom while meditating • Called the Buddha (Enlightened One) • Spent the rest of his life traveling and teaching his ideas
  • 8. Textbook page 137
  • 9.  Teachings of Buddhism Four Noble Truths: 1. Suffering & unhappiness are a part of human life. 2. Suffering comes from our desires for pleasure & material goods 3. People can overcome desire & ignorance & reach nirvana 4. People can overcome desire & ignorance by following an eightfold path that leads to wisdom, enlightenment, & salvation
  • 10. Textbook page 139: Eightfold Path Quick Facts
  • 11. Textbook page 140
  • 12.  Early Spread of Buddhism  Never widely accepted in India where Buddhist teachings were incorporated(mixed in with) into Islam  Spread to Southeast Asia and East Asia during the Maurya Empire & Gupta Empire (became very prominent)  Spread through the Silk Road to China, Korea, & Japan  As far away as Syria and Egypt  Missionaries actively seek to convert others & taught millions of people
  • 13. Ram Bahadur Bomjon, a Buddhist Monk Meditated for 10 months straight without food or water. To challenge this incredible claim, National Geographic filmed the boy for 5 straight days and nights. He never moved. Supports of Buddhism consider him to be the “reincarnation of the Buddha”
  • 14. Origins Founder Principles Diffusion Began in India Incorporated much of Hinduism Siddhartha Gautama Desire is the cause of suffering- the only way to end suffering is to end desire Teaches the concept of reincarnation, but not always accepted Goal is to reach “Enlightenment” Four Noble Truths Eightfold Path Spread through the Silk Road & missionaries to Southeast Asia & East Asia As far as Syria and Egypt Actively seeks to convert others Not widely accepted in areas of India that tried to incorporate Buddhism with Islam