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Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1
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Agriculture in antebellum sc84.1

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  • 1. Agriculture in Antebellum SC Standard 8-4.1 Explain the importance of agriculture in antebellum South Carolina, including the plantation system and the impact of the cotton gin on all social classes.
  • 2. Quick Review During Colonial times, agriculture was the basis for society in SC Headright System + slave labor = large SC plantations By 1860, SC had the highest percentage of slave holders in the nation… why? NOTE: Most SC families lived on sustenance farms and owned NO slaves Those who did save up enough for 1 or 2 slaves work along side them in their own fields
  • 3. The Cotton Boom Eli Whitney- Cotton Gin Planted lots of cotton Need to increase profits Dependency on slave labor to make it all work The use of slavery in both the Upcountry and Lowcountry eased the tensions between the two areas…… as well as the Constitutional Amendment that gave one vote where one lived to “every free white man of 21”
  • 4. The Cotton Boom Cont…  SC political rights changed  International slave trade ended in 1808  SC slave population continued to grow  Over growth of cotton stripped the land  Little focus on finding a new cash crop  Need for new land led to southern arguments over western expansion
  • 5. Planter Life of the Elite  Planter Life in Antebellum South (4:43)
  • 6. Plantation Life for Slaves  Was self-sustaining & depended on the institution on slavery  Slave Duties/Jobs (men, women, children)  Provided minimum food, clothing, & Shelter  Slave marriages were not recognized  Slave families often split up  Against the law to teach slaves how to read or write
  • 7. Plantation Life for Slaves  Lived in small cabins with dirt floors  Overseen by the Masters under a watchful eye  Slaves who went of the plantation has to carry a pass  Run-aways were harshly beaten  Slave protests happened by way of slow down of work, destruction of owner property, and faking sickness  Converted to Christianity
  • 8. Class System  Planter elite had wealth, prosperity, & political pull due to slave labor  Master & Mistress had the hard job of making the plantation run smoothly to be profitable  Overseers were hired to help with the business (but the master oversaw the slave population)  Mistress oversaw the running of the house & cared of the sick slaves
  • 9. Leading to Sectionalism  Such actions led southern to justify slavery as a “positive good” & claim that southern slaves were better cared for than factory workers in the north.  These arguments led to the growing sectionalism that divided the nation

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