Online Distance Learning
The Advantages and Disadvantages
of the Emerging Medium
By: Kris Hana L. Risonar
Ateneo de Davao ...
Introduction
Online distance learning
“learning and teaching online
through network technologies”
(Hrastinski, 2008)
Online distance learning a.k.a.
‘e-learning, cyber-learning, online
learning’
Online learning is a process which involves
three types of interaction.
“Learner-instructor interaction accounts for
cogni...
Participants

1. Online students are perceived as independent
learners who are different from traditional
learners in a cl...
“successful online students are expected to have
access to necessary hardware and software, and to
be minimally proficient...
2. online teachers are “sensitive to the diverse
learning styles, needs and expectations of online
students and understand...
How do online teachers ensure quality online
learning?
“planning (organizing the course), modeling, effective
online behav...
2 Types of online learning:
“Asynchronous e-learning is commonly facilitated by
media such as e-mail and discussion boards...
How successful is online learning today?

1. Online education in the U.S. a rise of students
taking at least one online co...
2. In Bangladesh, it is also a reality but with
problems.

“Due to the limited access to the modern
technology, all requir...
3. One study claims that interaction through
videoconferencing with native speakers actually
helps increase the confidence...
Questions that the study addressed:
What are the advantages and disadvantages of
online learning?
As teachers, how do we c...
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The report is about online distance learning. The advantages and disadvantages are not posted because copies of it have been have been shared to the people concerned.

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Risonar kris online distance learning presentation

  1. 1. Online Distance Learning The Advantages and Disadvantages of the Emerging Medium By: Kris Hana L. Risonar Ateneo de Davao University
  2. 2. Introduction
  3. 3. Online distance learning “learning and teaching online through network technologies” (Hrastinski, 2008)
  4. 4. Online distance learning a.k.a. ‘e-learning, cyber-learning, online learning’
  5. 5. Online learning is a process which involves three types of interaction. “Learner-instructor interaction accounts for cognitive learning, learner-learner interaction fosters collaborative learning and learnercontent interaction refers to any interactive activities between the learner and instructional content in an online learning environment” Moore (1989).
  6. 6. Participants 1. Online students are perceived as independent learners who are different from traditional learners in a classroom setting.
  7. 7. “successful online students are expected to have access to necessary hardware and software, and to be minimally proficient in using technology. They also must communicate through writing, have selfmotivation, and self-discipline. They need to commit sufficient time per week to course work, and they must speak up if problem arise” Mupinga, Nora and Yaw (2006 p. 185).
  8. 8. 2. online teachers are “sensitive to the diverse learning styles, needs and expectations of online students and understand the learning environment” (Mupinga, Nora, and Yaw, 2006). 3. virtual classroom
  9. 9. How do online teachers ensure quality online learning? “planning (organizing the course), modeling, effective online behavior, coaching and encouraging individuals and creating teams, willing to learn as instructor and being a good communicator” (Uvalic-Trumbic and Daniel, 2013).
  10. 10. 2 Types of online learning: “Asynchronous e-learning is commonly facilitated by media such as e-mail and discussion boards, support work relations among learners and with teachers, even when participants cannot be online at the same time. Whereas, synchronous e-learning is commonly supported by media such as videoconferencing and chat, has the potential to support e-learners in the development of learning communities” (Hrastinski, 2008).
  11. 11. How successful is online learning today? 1. Online education in the U.S. a rise of students taking at least one online course during fall term over the nine-year time span from less than 5 million to over 6.1 million students. (Allen and Seaman, 2011, p. 12)
  12. 12. 2. In Bangladesh, it is also a reality but with problems. “Due to the limited access to the modern technology, all required media cannot be used in delivering the courses, which raises the question about the quality of the ODL courses in Bangladesh Open University. Also, failure in on-time production and delivery is a big problem at BOU because it will seriously hamper the long-term sustainability of BOU programs. Academic schools and concerned divisions must put maximum attention on the timely production and delivery of the study materials” (Sultana and Kamal, n.d., p. 16).
  13. 13. 3. One study claims that interaction through videoconferencing with native speakers actually helps increase the confidence of online learners and improve their motivation in learning English. Furthermore, it strengthens their ability to use the language over time and when matched with conventional classroom activities can improve their ability, confidence and motivation even more (Wu, Yen & Marek, 2011).
  14. 14. Questions that the study addressed: What are the advantages and disadvantages of online learning? As teachers, how do we cope with the disadvantages?
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