Confederation

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Confederation

  1. 1. Confederation<br />By ArfaAkhtar<br />
  2. 2. Background of British North America in the early 1860<br />13 Colonies<br />English government controlled <br />colonies<br />Rupert's Land include <br />Manitoba, most of Saskatchewan, <br />southern Alberta & Nunavut, <br />northern parts of Ontario & <br />Quebec, parts of Minnesota & <br />North Dakota &very small parts <br />of Montana & South Dakota.<br />Rupert's land owned by the <br />Hudson's Bay Company from <br />1670 to 1870<br />
  3. 3. Advantage; intercontinental railway.<br />Improve trades of goods , and transportation<br />Defense against possible US attacks<br />
  4. 4. Advantage; British Navy<br />Most Powerful in the world <br />No longer obligated to defend Canada if it gave up colonial status<br />
  5. 5. Advantage; More Jobs<br />Economy could prosper <br />Canada West citizens would pay higher taxes to support poorer provinces <br />
  6. 6. Advantage; Responsible Government<br />British appointed governors would no longer control affairs in Canada<br />Govern themselves and more efficient party<br />
  7. 7. Advantage; united colonies<br />Eliminate high intercontinental tariffs and trade barriers <br />
  8. 8. Disadvantage; Culture<br />Loyalist Very proud of British Heritage , didn’t want to sever ties with mother country <br />Quebec residents worried about loosing language and culture<br />
  9. 9. Disadvantage; Businesses<br />Small Maritimes companies wouldn’t be able to compete with larger companies<br />More opportunities in the states <br />
  10. 10. Disadvantage; Small population<br />Maritime provinces , would not have a voice<br />Decisions would be made by Canada west and Canada east<br />
  11. 11. Disadvantage; Islands<br />No rail roads for islands such as PEI<br />
  12. 12. Disadvantage; Double Majority <br />Canada east and Canada west have to make a simple majority <br />
  13. 13. The Role of the Great Coalition<br />Sir Jon A Macdonal represented the conservatives<br />Sir George Brown represented the clear grits in the canada west <br />Georges Etienne Cartier leader of parti-bleu<br />Alexander Tilloch became a leading figure in the creation of the Coalition<br />
  14. 14. Final decision<br />Canada announced as a nation<br />Idea of responsible government was still not introduced to Canada <br />MacDonald became first legal Prime Minister <br />

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