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Mid-Late 20th Century Art
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Mid-Late 20th Century Art



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  • 1. Mid-to-Late 20thCentury ArtModernism into Post-Modernism
  • 2. Abstract Expressionism• First major Avant-Garde art movement in USA (started in NewYork in late 1940’s)• Abstraction expressing raw emotion• New York becomes the center of the art world (no longer Paris)
  • 3. Jackson PollockAction PaintingFocus on the creativeprocessExpressive feelingthrough actionUsed sticks to “throw”paint onto the canvas(walked on the canvas)– artist literally “in” thepainting
  • 4. Jackson PollockJackson Pollock,Lavender Mist,1950, Oil, enamel,aluminum paint oncanvas
  • 5. Jackson PollockJackson Pollock, LavenderMist, 1950, Oil, enamel,aluminum paint on canvasLarge scale paintingwith drips, splatters, anddribbles of paintControlled RandomnessEnergeticOil Paint / IndustrialPaints (house and carpaint)
  • 6. Willem de KooningWillem de Kooning,Woman I, 1950 –1952, Oil on Canvas
  • 7. Willem de KooningWillem de Kooning, Woman I,1950 – 1952, Oil on CanvasImportance of Process – de Kooningrepainted this painting many times(many layers)“Rawness” and “Intensity”Jumbled lines / Agitated patches ofcolor“Ferocious” looking woman
  • 8. Later Abstraction• More “controlled” forms of painting• Symbolism of color• Post-painterly abstraction• Hard-edge Painting
  • 9. Mark RothkoMark Rothko,Untitled, 1961,Oil on Canvas
  • 10. Mark RothkoMark Rothko, Untitled, 1961,Oil on CanvasHarmony and Spirituality /simple and pure“Color field” paintingFocus on Color / Symbolismof Color / Emotion of Color
  • 11. Ellsworth KellyEllsworth Kelly, Red BlueGreen, 1963, Oil on canvas
  • 12. Ellsworth KellyHard-Edged PaintingFocus on ColorFlatness – painting as two-dimensionalAbsence of “the artist’s hand”Ellsworth Kelly, Red Blue Green,1963, Oil on canvas
  • 13. Comparison
  • 14. Op ArtOp Art, or Optical Art, is a style that makes use of opticalillusionsNon-representational / Completely AbstractMovement started in 1960sMany of the Op artworks are black and whiteVisual Movement, Flashing, Vibration, Hidden ImagesUse of Pattern
  • 15. Bridget RileyMovement in SquaresTempera on Board122 x 122 cm1961
  • 16. Bridget RileyMovement in SquaresTempera on Board122 x 122 cm1961Bridget Riley, from UK, is one ofthe most important artists in Op ArtmovementRiley is fascinated with the act oflookingVisual movement and depthDisorienting physical effect on theeyesPattern with variation
  • 17. Minimal Art• Sculptural Movement began in 1960’s• “Limitation of sculpture”• Geometric forms• Very simple, pure aesthetic (less is more)
  • 18. Donald JuddDonald Judd, Untitled, 1961,Brass and Plexiglas sculpture
  • 19. Donald JuddDonald Judd, Untitled,1961, Brass andPlexiglas sculpturePower of the materials(“message in the medium”)Basic geometric forms (simpleand clear)Sculpture not intended to besymbolic or metaphorical
  • 20. Pop Art• Movement began in UK in 1960’s (later became more popular inUSA)• Art based on popular culture• Art “for the people”• Reaction against Abstract Expressionism
  • 21. Roy LichtensteinRoy Lictenstein,Hopeless, 1963,Oil on canvas
  • 22. Roy LichtensteinRoy Lictenstein, Hopeless,1963, Oil on canvasArt based on comic booksMelodramatic scene /Romance“That’s the way it SHOULDhave BEGUN, but it’shopeless!”Used dots to create the look ofcomic book printing “bendaydots”
  • 23. Andy WarholCampbells soup can series
  • 24. Andy WarholAndy WarholCampbells Tomato SoupSilkscreen on Canvas1961
  • 25. Andy WarholMass-productionAmerican IconSilkscreen (commercial form ofprintmaking used for t-shirts, etc.)Connection to Graphic Design
  • 26. Andy WarholAndy Warhol,Marilyn Diptych,1962, Oil, acrylic,and silk-screen oncanvas
  • 27. Andy WarholAndy Warhol, Marilyn Diptych, 1962, Oil,acrylic, and silk-screen on canvasMarilyn Monroe,American Actress whocommitted suicideFame and tragedyWarhol – artist celebrityReference to film and toRenaissance art
  • 28. Comparison
  • 29. Conceptual Art• Intellectual Avant-Garde Movement begun in late 1960’s• Idea is most important aspect• Objects used to express a concept (finished product is lessimportant than the idea)• Questioning art and our understanding of art
  • 30. Joseph KosuthJoseph Kosuth, Oneand Three Chairs,1965, Wood chair,photograph of chair,photograph ofdictionary definition
  • 31. Joseph KosuthJoseph Kosuth, One andThree Chairs, 1965, Woodchair, photograph of chair,photograph of dictionarydefinitionLanguage and Vision (Textand Image)Idea of what is a chairChallenged “what is art”
  • 32. Comparison