Gothic Art


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Gothic Art

  1. 1. Gothic Art and Architecture Art Appreciation I
  2. 2. Gothic Art and Architecture • Mid-12th into the 15th Century CE • Dominant style in Europe for 400 years • Art and Architecture that expressed the political and religious values of Christians • Term Gothic comes from the “Goths” – a group of Germanic invaders who helped destroy the Roman Empire • Style began in France, but spread throughout Europe
  3. 3. Mid-12th Century in Europe • Advances in Building Technology • Access to More Materials and Resources • New Intellectual and Spiritual Aspirations
  4. 4. Abbey Church of Saint-Denis
  5. 5. Abbey Church of Saint-DenisFirst Gothic Style building Church built on site of a monastery founded in 5th Century - built over tomb of St. Denis (early Christian martyr sent from Rome) Built for crowds of pilgrims (pilgrimage church) - church contains relics of St. Denis Stained Glass Windows to let in “the light of God” Royal significance - church houses all tombs of French Kings Architect - Abbot Suger, Abbey Church of Saint-Denis, 1130 - 1144 CE
  6. 6. Ambulatory and Chapels
  7. 7. Rose Window
  8. 8. Tomb of Marie-Antoinette
  9. 9. Notre Dame Paris Cathedral of Notre Dame (Paris), Gothic Architecture
  10. 10. Notre Dame Paris • Well-known example of Gothic Architecture • Tallest building in world for 600 years •New ways to build tall buildings – openings in building, supports on outside, more windows made the structure less heavy •Stained glass windows (Rose Window) • Pointed Arches Cathedral of Notre Dame (Paris), Gothic Architecture, 1163 CE
  11. 11. Flying Buttresses Flying Buttresses helped support the weight of the building on the outside Invented during Gothic Period Gothic churches could be very tall because of the buttresses supporting the weight
  12. 12. Ribbed Vaulting • Used to Support the wide roof in Gothic churches • Wide Space without Columns in the Middle (uninterrupted space) • Inspired by Human Anatomy
  13. 13. Stained Glass Windows • Invented during the Gothic Period • Light as a symbol of God • Colorful images of Saints, donors to the church, animals, other designs
  14. 14. Sainte-Chapelle Paris
  15. 15. Sainte-Chapelle Paris Vast expanses of stained glass windows Gothic style known as “Rayonnant” or radiant, because of the light and the use of gold Church built to house King Louis IX’s collection of relics (including a nail and a crown of thorns from the Crucifixion)Sainte-Chapelle Church (Paris), 1243-1248 CE
  16. 16. Stained Glass detail Furrier’s Shop (detail from the Charlemagne window in Chartres Cathedral, France)
  17. 17. Stained Glass detail • Shop owner (Fur Shop) selling his furs for coats • Shop owner donated money to the church • Colorful details • Cut pieces of class with details drawn on the glass Furrier’s Shop (detail from the Charlemagne window in Chartres Cathedral, France)
  18. 18. Virgin and Child (from the Abbey Church of St. Denis), Silver Gilt and Enamel, 1139 CE, height 69cm Reliquary Statue containing the hairs of the Virgin Mary Graceful S-curve pose - Gothic style Commissioned by Queen Jeanne d’Evreux Statues similar to this one made for homes and personal chapels
  19. 19. Virgin and Child
  20. 20. Comparison
  21. 21. Virgin and Child Enthroned
  22. 22. Artist: Giotto di Bondone, Virgin and Child Enthroned, 1280 CE, Tempera Paint and Gold on Wood, 10 feet 8 inches x 6 feet 8 inches Painted for the Church of the Ognissanti (All Saints) in Florence, Italy Symmetrical Composition Convincing Light and Shadow Hierarchy of Figures (Scale of Virgin Mary and Christ child compared to Angels) Tempera Paint – Mixture of Dry Pigment and Egg – paint dries quickly
  23. 23. Arena Chapel in Padua, Italy – Paintings by Giotto
  24. 24. Lamentation by Giotto
  25. 25. Artist: Giotti di Bondone Lamentation, Arena Chapel (Padua, Italy) Fresco Painting, 1305 - 1306 Giotto’s “Masterpiece” due to scale of the work, his technique, and the quality of the narratives Chapel located near ancient Roman arena, hence the name “Arena Chapel” Stories about the life of Christ organized into individual paintings Lamentation – story of mourning the death of Christ with the Virgin Mary Fresco Painting – Type of wall painting that involves painting into wet plaster (painting is part of the wall)