Ancient Egyptian Art


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Ancient Egyptian Art

  1. 1. Art of Ancient Egypt
  2. 3. Ancient Egyptian Periods (3100 – 30 BCE) Early Dynastic Old Kingdom First Intermediate Period Middle Kingdom Second Intermediate Period New Kingdom Third Intermediate Period Late Period Ptolemaic Period
  3. 4. The Afterlife Egyptians built tombs for their Kings and Queens – styles vary from a flat “mastaba” to a “stepped pyramid” to the “pyramid” form Tombs contained the mummified body of the King or Queen, their pets, and many objects for their next life Egyptians believed in Eternal Life (Life After Death) - “ Ka ” or spirit lives on after death of body
  4. 5. Stepped Pyramid of Djoser Architecture (Tomb made from Limestone) 62 Meters Tall 2630 – 2575 BCE
  5. 6. Stepped Pyramid of Djoser Built as a Tomb for King Djoser Burial Chamber below ground Designed by Prime Minister, Imhotep Part of a Complex of Buildings
  6. 7. Great Pyramids of Giza Architecture (tombs) 2613 – 2494 BCE Tallest Pyramid – Khufu 137 Meters Tall
  7. 8. Great Pyramids of Giza Built as Tombs for King Mankaura, King Khafre and King Khufu Pyramids contained “false passageways” to fool potential thieves and looters Mystery how it was built, but we are beginning to understand the process For centuries, people didn’t know what the pyramids were
  8. 10. The Great Sphinx King Khafra commissioned many portraits of himself, including The Great Sphinx
  9. 11. Khafre King wears royal clothing , including a head dress in the shape of a cobra (represents the sun god) and a fake beard Conveys dignity, calmness, and permanence Carved from a rare stone , Anorthosite Gneiss, which glows a deep blue in sunlight (celestial color of Horus, the falcon God who protects the King) Khafre , ruled c2520 – 2494 BCE, Carved Anorthosite Gneiss
  10. 12. Funerary Mask of Tutankhamun
  11. 13. Funerary Mask of Tutankhamun <ul><li>Entrance to King Tut’s Tomb discovered in 1922 by English archaeologist Howard Carter </li></ul><ul><li>Western architects, designers, and artists inspired by Egyptian art after the discovery </li></ul><ul><li>Tomb filled with treasures (inner tomb chamber hadn’t been opened since his burial) </li></ul><ul><li>King Tut died at the age of 18 (mystery – illness? accident?) </li></ul>Funerary Mask of Tutankhamun, 1322 BCE, Gold inlaid with glass and semiprecious stones, height 54 cm
  12. 14. Inner Coffin of Tutankhamen’s Sarcophagus
  13. 15. Nefertiti
  14. 16. Nefertiti Bust portrait of Queen Nefertiti Found in the studio of an Egyptian sculptor (Tutmose) – Possibly used as a model to follow in other images of the Queen Egyptian beauty ideal – long neck, heavy eyelids, makeup Dramatic use of color – dark blue headdress with a striped band of color – gold, red, green Tutmose, Nefertiti , 1353 – 1336 BCE, Painted Limestone, Height 51 cm
  15. 17. Hieroglyphics – Egyptian Writing
  16. 18. Rosetta Stone
  17. 19. Rosetta Stone Fragment of an Ancient Egyptian stele originally displayed in a temple Engraved text provides key to understanding Egyptian hieroglyphic writing Decree issued by King Ptolemy V: top part – ancient hieroglyphics middle part – Egyptian demotic writing lower part – ancient Greek writing Discovered by French soldier in 1799 on French Expedition to Egypt (led by French Emperor Napolean) Stone later came under possession of British – now in British Museum, but Egypt has requested its return Rosetta Stone , 196 BCE
  18. 20. Akhenaten and his Family
  19. 21. Akhenaten and his Family Royal Family Portrait (King Akhenaten on left, Queen Nefertiti on the right, 3 of their daughters) Sunken relief - flat surface is raised, but image is deeply carved Hieroglyphics in background
  20. 22. Queen Nefertari Making an Offering to Isis Wall Painting in the Tomb of Nefertari 1279 – 1213 BCE
  21. 23. Queen Nefertari Making an Offering to Isis Queen holding pots filled with perfumed ointment (preparing for her death) Isis is the Goddess of Funerals Nefertari wears a Vulture head dress Hieroglyphics in background
  22. 24. Palette of Narmer
  23. 25. Palette of Narmer <ul><li>Stone Palette possibly used for ceremonies, represents palette used for mixing eye makeup </li></ul><ul><li>King Narmer on front and back </li></ul><ul><li>King Narmer wears the White Crown of Upper Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>King holds the conquered figure (represents conquering Lower Egypt) </li></ul><ul><li>Horus (falcon god) holds a rope tied around the neck of a man (symbolizes conquered Lower Egypt) </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of figures (level of importance) </li></ul>Palette of Narmer , Early Dynastic Period, 2950 – 2775 BCE, Green schist (stone relief), (63.5 cm tall)
  24. 27. Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt
  25. 28. Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt Relief Carving from Tomb of Ti, Saqqara Ti was a court official Surveying Hippo hunts was a duty of court officials Ti stands in a boat on the Nile River – water is represented by wavy lines Hippos were thought to be destructive since they wandered into fields, damaging crops Symbolizes victory of good over evil Ti Watching a Hippopotamus Hunt , 2450 – 2325 BCE, Dynasty 5, Painted Limestone Relief
  26. 29. Comparison