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Ancient Greek Art

Ancient Greek Art






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    Ancient Greek Art Ancient Greek Art Presentation Transcript

    • The Art of Ancient Greece
    • Ancient Greece 900 – 100 BCE Ancient Greeks sought perfection of the body and mind Greeks believed in Humanism – idea that humans should look to themselves when establishing standards Ancient Greeks greatly influenced Western culture – government / democracy, systems of education, athletics, developed philosophy, math, literature
    • Greek Gods and Goddesses (partial list)
      • Zeus – king of the Gods
      • Hera – queen of the Gods
      • Athena – goddess of wisdom and civilization
      • Ares – god of war
      • Apollo – god of sun, creativity, fine arts
      • Aphrodite – goddess of love and beauty
      • Hermes – god of commerce and messenger of the gods
      • Dionysos – god of wine
      • Poseidon – god of sea and earthquakes
      • Eros – god of love (son of Aphrodite)
    • Anavysos Kouros Sculpture (Marble) 530 BCE 1.93 M Tall
    • Anavysos Kouros Kouros means “young man” in Greek Represents the ideal “perfect” young man (strong, athletic, smooth skin, classic features) Classic pose (one foot forward, hands at the sides) Pose is similar to Egyptian figures
    • Peplos Kore
    • Peplos Kore Peplos Kore , 530 BCE, Marble, height 121 cm Kore - “young woman” Peplos – style of dress that she is wearing Originally wore a metal crown and jewelry Originally painted with patterns of animals Missing left forearm – arm once held an object that would have identified her role
    • Discus Thrower Sculpture (Marble / Roman Copy) 450 BCE 1.54 M Tall
    • Discus Thrower Sculpture is a copy by the Romans (who loved Greek art) Discus Throwing is an Olympic sport Greeks started the original Olympic Games in 776 BCE Anatomy of the human figure Movement of the figure
    • Venus de Milo (Aphrodite of Melos) Sculpture (Marble) 150 BCE 2.1 M Tall
    • Venus de Milo (Aphrodite of Melos) Classic Beauty of the Female Form Elongated Body with S-curve (shape of letter S) “ Erotic” tension of her drapery falling off her body Arms broken off – originally holding an apple? Found on Aegean island of Melos by French excavators in 1820)
    • Nike of Samothrace Sculpture (Marble) 190 BCE 2.44 M Tall
    • Nike of Samothrace Nike – Greek Goddess of Victory Sometimes called “Winged Victory” Monument which originally stood on a hill ( Victory Monument ) Louvre Museum , Paris
    • Francois Vase Sculpture (Painted Ceramic) 570 BCE 66 cm
    • Francois Vase Discovered by a French archaeologist , Francois Signed by the painter and the potter Black Figure Pottery (black on red decoration) Volute Crater Shape Many stories , including the story of the wedding of King Peleus 200 animal and human figures
    • Greek Vase Shapes
    • 3 Types of Greek Columns: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian The Greek Columns became more elaborate as time advanced (the oldest column is the Doric)
    • Sanctuary of Apollo Architecture 6 th – 3 rd century BCE
    • Sanctuary of Apollo Sacred home of the Greek God Apollo (God of sun, light, truth, music, archery, and healing) Greeks believed Apollo could communicate to humans through a human medium called the Pythia Located at Delphi (the site of the Pythian Games – a festival and competition of music, dance, and poetry
    • The Greeks searched for perfect proportions (relationship between size differences) in their sculpture and temples The Greeks used a ratio called the Golden Section in their art and architecture
    • Parthenon, Acropolis Architecture 447 – 438 BCE
    • Parthenon, Acropolis Located in Athens, Greece Temple built for Goddess Athena (Goddess of Athens, wisdom, war, victory, and civilization) Acropolis - complex of buildings Perfect Harmony and Balance (Golden Section) Designed by Kallikrates and Iktinos (architects) Doric Columns
    • The Golden Section as applied to the Parthenon
    • East Pediment of the Parthenon Pediment – a triangular gable found over major architectural elements such as porticos, windows, or doors
    • East Pediment of the Parthenon
    • East Pediment of the Parthenon AKA the “Elgin Marbles” - British Earl of Elgins bought the pediment and later gave it to British government Originally over 90 feet long – today less than 40 feet survives (probably destroyed by Christians in the 5 th Century when Parthenon was converted to a church Figures illustrate the birth of Athena (goddess of wisdom and civilization) East Pediment of the Parthenon , Marble Sculptures, 447 – 432 BCE