Contrived experience: Definition: Make use of a representative models or mock-ups of reality for practical reasons and so that we can make the real life accessible to the student’s perception and understanding.
Contrived material: Definition: Reading material prepared by individuals or committees in which unfamiliar language items are interspersed among known words so that students are helped to guess at the meaning of the new words from the surrounding familiar words.
Advantages: Using specimen as a tool for learning maybe helpful because students can easily memorize/recall the concept. Representing also a specimen is one of enjoyable way of storing new knowledge. It may help us to represent an idea.
Disadvantages: The lesson will just focus on that particular specimen. The students can’t determine the main idea. There are some students cannot easily and automatically comprehend base on what is presented, they might need some possible explanation.