1. In the implementation of thecurriculum, there are processesneeded after it has been written andbefore it is accepted for finalimplementation. Pilot testing or fieldtry out is one of the commonpractices of curriculum makers todetermine the strength and theweaknesses of a written or plannedcurriculum. Likewise monitoring andevaluation of the curriculum are alsoimportant in the implementation.
2. Whenever a curriculum is written asin books, modules, etc. or the wholecurricular program, there is a need tohave a try-out or field testing. Thisprocess will gather empirical data tosupport whether the material or thecurriculum is useful, relevant, reliableand valid.
3. Modification and revision areinherent characteristics of acurriculum. The pilot test or try-out isa developmental process that givesthe signal as to whether theparticular curriculum can already beimplemented with confidence. However, as the curriculum isimplemented, there is a need tocontinuously monitor the process.
4. Monitoring ask the question: How are we doing? Is the curriculum accomplishing its intended purpose?Monitoring is also important:• To determine if the curriculum is still relevant and effective• How the curriculum is working• Provides decision on what aspects have to be retained, improved or modified• Provides decision that would even end or terminate the program
5. Curriculum evaluation as part oftotal educational evaluation refers toa systematic process of judging thevalue, effectiveness and adequacy ofa curriculum: its process, product andsetting which will lead to informeddecision. Evaluation should be usefuland systematic. The informationgathered should be important for theimprovement of and for final judgmentof the curriculum being evaluated.
6. In practice, there are two ways ofcurriculum evaluation1. School-based evaluation2. Accreditation
7. - is an approach to curriculumevaluation which places thecontent, design, operation andmaintenance of evaluation procedurein the hands of the school personnel.The school personnel participate inthe planning and conduct of schoolevaluation where the control andmanagement of the process rest onthe school personnel themselves.
8. This is a voluntary process ofsubmitting a curricular program to anexternal accrediting body for reviewin any level of education:basic, tertiary or graduate school toassure standard. Accreditationstudies the statement of theeducational intentions of the schooland affirms a standard of excellence.
9. Among the many purposes ofaccreditation are to foster excellenceand improve programs. The curricularaccreditation will assure theacademic community, other agenciesand the general public that curriculummeets standards comparable to otherexcellent institutions offering similarprograms.
10. Usually there are ten areas for program accreditation one of which is curriculum and instructionWhat are the areas of accreditation under Curriculum and Instruction?1. Curriculum and Program Studies2. Classroom Management3. Instructional Processes or Methodologies4. Graduation Requirements5. Administrative Support for Effective Instruction6. Evaluation of Academic Performance of Students
11. Program of studies includes theclusters ofknowledge, skills, attitudes, valuesand experiences that will provide thestudents at any level with thenecessary competencies for effectivelearning. A list of subjects or coursesto be taken and arrange in logicalorder compose the program ofstudies.
12. For effective instruction, the use ofappropriate classroom management issuggested. The teacher whoimplements the curriculum sees to itthat management of teaching andlearning in the classroom followsprocedure and guidance to enhanceand create an environment conduciveto learning. An environmentconducive to learning considers thephysical as well as the human factors.
13. The decision of choosing and usingthe method of teaching is a crucialfactor in curriculum and instruction.There are varied methodologies thatare compatible with the differentlearning style of the students. Theseemerging strategies of teachingfollow principles and theories thatenhance learning outcomes. Asteachers, there is a need to know notonly the steps or strategies ofteaching but to understand thepedagogical content knowledge ofeach strategy.
14. Graduation means successfulaccomplishment of the curricularprogram of studies. A student has toaccomplish its academic program asprescribed in the program of studies.These requirements are clearlyunderstood upon enrollment incollege by the students and by theparents for students in theelementary or high school. The graderequirements of each subjects shouldbe known.
15. A curriculum can be bestimplemented if there is support of theschool administration.
16. In curriculum, it is necessary thatlearning outcomes be evaluated. Afterall the best measure of a curriculumis the learning outcome of thestudents. The evaluation of students’performance should make use of validand reliable tools which areperiodically reviewed and revised.