Motion pictures• A series of still pictures photographs on film, projected in rapid succession onto a screen .• Motion pictures are filmed with a movie camera, which makes rapid exposures of people or objects in motion, and shown with a movie projector, which reproduces sound synchronized with the images.• A form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement; “they went to a movie every Saturday night”; “the film was shot on location”
“Principal inventors of motion picture machines”-Thomas Alva Edison (in the U.S.) and the Lumiere brothers in France.Film production:-Centered in France in the early 20th century, but by 1920 the U.S. had become dominant.Directors and stars:-moved to Hollywood, movie studios expanded, reaching their zenith in the 1930’s and ’40’s. when they also typically owned extensive theatre chains.
• Movie making was marked by a new internationalism in the 1950’s and ’60’s, which also saw the rise of the independent filmmaker.• The sophistication of a special effects increased greatly from the 1970’s.• The U.S film industry, with its immense technical resources, has continued to dominate the world market to the present day.
Aims of motion pictures• This study provides a historical overview of the development of the motion picture as a tool within the context of science education.• The technology was traced from its beginning as a silent motion picture through its current manifestation in videotapes and videodiscs.• The use of the technology as a teaching tool is examined in terms of the concept of scientific literacy and the means by which the motion picture helped to accomplish the goals of scientific literacy.
Disadvantages of motion pictures• Since it involves sophisticated technology there can be audio and visual difficulties, which cannot be resolved by the professor (Galbreth, 1995.) while compressed video holds great promise for expanding t he classroom, it also amplifies poor teaching styles and strategies.• Interactive video is attractive to administrators for several reasons.• It provides access to education to those who live in remote locations and cannot travel to the university.• It can provide access to at-risk or special needs students (Woodruff and Mosby, 1996.)• It enables large numbers of students to be taught simultaneously by one instructor; outside speakers can be involved who would not otherwise be available, and students can become linked with others from different communities, backgrounds and cultures (Willis, 1992.)
Advantages• Motion pictures can be effective because it allows for “real time” or synchronous visual contact between students and the instructor or among students at different site.• It supports the use of diverse media.• Many things common in the traditional classroom can be used in the interactive classroom, such as blackboard, documents, videos, and transparencies.