Health Risk factors and life style modification
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Health Risk factors and life style modification

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Health Risk factors and life style modification

Health Risk factors and life style modification

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Health Risk factors and life style modification Health Risk factors and life style modification Presentation Transcript

  • GUILDELINES for BLOOD PRESSURE, RISK FACTORS, LIFE SYLE MODIFICATION ISSUED in 2006 BY JOINT NATIONAL COMMITTEE and EUROPEAN SOCIETY of HYPERTENSION In the interest of public
  • BLOOD PRESSURE > 110 or > 180 STAGE-III 80 – 89 or 120 – 139 PRE-HYPERTENSION < 80 and < 120 NORMAL 100 - 109 or > 160 - 179 STAGE-II 90 – 99 or 140 - 159 HYPERTENSION STAGE-I DIASTOLIC SYSTOLIC CATEGORY
  • RISK FACTORS FAMILY HISTORY of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE INACTIVITY OBESITY SMOKING AGE : Men > 55, Women > 65 HIGH BLOOD LIPID
    • HEART
    • BRAIN
    • CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE
    • PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE
    • CHANGES IN THE RETINA OF EYES
    BP PROTEIN IN URINE DIABETES TARGET ORGAN DAMAGE MAJOR RISK FACTORS
  • LIFE STYLE MODIFICATION Limit alcohol drink to 720 ml beer / 30 ml wine / 60ml of whiskey per day MODERATE ALCOHOL Increase fruits, vegetables, Reduce dairy fat products, decrease total fat and saturated fat DIETARY CHANGES Maintain normal body weight (BMI < 24.9) WEIGHT REDUCTION Engage in most of the days 30 minutes per day aerobic activity (brisk walk) PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 2.4 gms Sodium or 6 gms of NaCl LESS SALT INTAKE RECOMMENDATION MODIFICATION
  • WHAT IS YOUR BMI ? U must know your height and weight 30 – 39.9 OBESE 20 – 24.9 NORMAL BMI > 40 SEVERLY OBESE 25 – 29.9 OVER WEIGHT < 20 UNDER WEIGHT CATEGORY
  • BMI WEIGHT IN Kgs HEIGHT in cms 35 33 31 29 28 26 24 23 21 19 17 170 36 34 32 31 29 27 25 24 22 20 18 167 39 37 35 33 31 29 27 25 23 21 20 160 41 39 37 35 33 30 28 26 24 22 20 157 37 35 33 31 29 28 26 24 22 20 18 165 38 36 34 33 31 29 27 25 23 21 19 162 17 18 18 19 23 23 55 21 22 23 24 29 30 70 27 28 28 29 35 36 85 31 32 33 34 42 43 100 28 29 29 31 37 39 90 25 26 26 27 33 35 80 23 24 25 25 31 32 75 20 21 22 22 27 28 65 15 16 16 17 21 21 50 18 19 20 20 25 26 60 30 31 31 33 39 41 95 180 152 177 155 175 172
  • SMOKING : choice is yours With each cigarette : 4000 chemical compounds, 400 toxic substances, Temp 700 0 C at tip, 60 o C in core Very damaging : Tar, Nicotin, Carbon-monoxide, Particulate matter High risk in side stream smoke
    • 1.7 TIMES MORE CARDIAC DEATHS
    • 12 TIMES LIKELIHOOD OF DEVELOPING CANCER
    • 2.5 TIMES HIGHER CANCER - MORE OF LUNGS, MOUTH, THROAT
    • 9 OUT of 10 REQUIRING BYPASS OPERATION ARE SMOKER/EX-SMOKER
    • NICOTINE INCREASES THE AMOUNT OF CHOLESTEROL IN THE BLOOD, WHICH MAY
    • CAUSE THE ARTERIES TO CLOG UP.
    • HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSES HEART ATTACKS AND STROKE.
    • SMOKING CAUSES AN ACID TASTE IN THE MOUTH AND CONTRIBUTES TO THE
    • DEVELOPMENT OF ULCERS.
    • COUPLES WHO SMOKE HAVE FERTILITY PROBLEMS MORE THAN COUPLES WHO
    • ARE NON-SMOKERS.
    • SMOKERS HAVE 25 PER CENT MORE SICK DAYS YEAR THAN NON-SMOKERS.
    • SMOKING ALSO AFFECTS YOUR LOOKS: HAVE THICK & ROUGH SKIN.
  • ALCOHOL CALORIE COUNT Beer 500 ml 180 Rum 100 ml 220 Gin 100 ml 220 Whiskey 100 ml 220 Champagne 100 ml 126 Sherry 100 ml 110 Martini 100 ml 75 Bacardi 250 ml 118
    • HEALTH RISKS
    • Effects LIVER, PANCREASE, BRAIN, HEART
    • RISKS OF MANY CANCERS
    • BIRTH DEFECTS
    • A STANDARD DRINK IS :
    • 1.5 ounce of WHISKEY, GIN, VODKA, RUM
    • 12 ounce of BEER
    • 5 ounce of WINE
    • U ARE AT RISK IF U DRINK MORE THAN -
    • 14 drinks/week or 4 drinks at occasion
    • if U are more than 65 years
    • 7 drinks/week or 3 drinks at occasion
  • LIPID PROFILE : Where U should be? > 145 100 – 145 < 100 LDLC > 4.5 3.3 - 4.4   < 3.3 CHOL : HDLC < 35 36 - 45 > 45 HDLC > 200 150 - 200 < 150 TRIGLYCERIDE < 0.5 < 200 GOOD > 3 0.5 - 3.0 HDLC : LDLC > 240 200 – 240 CHOLESTEROL POOR FAIR
  • OIL : What to use?   PUFA : Protects the Heart MUFA : Lowers the blood Cholesterol SFA : Increases blood Cholesterol, Triglycerides and hardens blood vessels leading to BP/Heart attack/ Brain stroke. PUFA or MUFA have little to protect than SFA which is more DAMAGING 28 - 4 DESIGHEE 30 - 25 MUSTARD OIL 51 39 10 PALM OIL 12 16 45 MAIZE OIL 20 38 42 SEASAME OIL 4 33 61 CANOLA OIL - 18 48 19 29 16 14 MUFA 98 2 COCONUT OIL 24 28 GROUND NUT OIL 16 55 SOYABEAN OIL 10 75 KUSUMA OIL 76 6 VANASPATI OIL 29 50 COTTON SEED OIL 12 72 SUNFLOWER OIL SFA PUFA OIL
  • TIPS on EXERCISES
    • Must do regularly – at least 5-6 days a week
    • Spend 30 minutes every time
    • Fix the schedule of performing exercise – it has been proved by survey that
    • compliance is more when done in morning
    • Do not be on full meal – take tea/biscuit/fruit
    • Perform 10 minutes of streching exercises and 20 minutes on brisk walk.
    • If you have any pain or discomfort – consult your doctor
  • If U intend to print the matter – remove black back ground first