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  • 2. Classicism is the period that marks the transition from the modern to the contemporary age.Musically its chronology is between the 1730 and 1820 approximatelyThe best known composers from this period are Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven,
  • 3. Main characteristicsClassical music has a lighter, clearer texture than Baroque music and is less complex.It is mainly homophonic: melody above chordal accompanimentVariety and contrast within a piece became more pronounced than before. Variety of keys, melodies, rhythms and dynamics (using crescendo, diminuendo and sforzando), along with frequent changes of mood and timbre
  • 4. The Orchestra increased in size and rangethe woodwind became a self-contained section
  • 5. Instrumental MusicImportance was given to instrumental music —the main kinds were sonata, trio, string quartet, symphony, concerto, serenade and divertimento. Sonata form developed and became the most important form.http://youtu.be/Qb_jQBgzU-I
  • 6. SymphonyA symphony is an extended musical composition in Western classical music, scored almost always for orchestra. A symphony usually contains at least one movement or episode composed according to the sonata principle. Many symphonies are tonal works in four movements with the first in sonata formhttp://youtu.be/sZHKJQdB_Ng
  • 7. http://youtu.be/9Pb_RqpZ8Ic
  • 8. SONATAThe term sonata was increasingly applied to either a work for keyboard alone (see piano sonata), or for keyboard and one other instrument, often the violin or cello.The usage of sonata as the standard term for such works began somewhere in the 1770s
  • 9. Initially the most common layout of movements was: Allegro A middle movement which was, most frequently, a slow movement: an Andante, an Adagio, or a Largo; or, less frequently, a Minuet or Theme and Variations form.A closing movement was generally an Allegro or a Presto, often labeled Finale. The form was often a Rondo or Minuet.http://youtu.be/OCSevzJQ2-Y
  • 10. OPERAIn the eighteenth century had become a lavish spectacle of the court, through which the monarchs and aristocrats displayed their splendor. Topics related to mythology and represented great lyric-heroic tragedies, mounted with great pomp, the opera seria. By contrast, the lower social classes had their own musical theater, burlesque satirical skits, opera buffa. Short- lived, his argument is very simple, direct expression uses colloquial language and makes use of two or three characters only
  • 11. Musics in classicim So Classicism, the musician had been only one employee in the service of a noble or king, and therefore must satisfy the taste of his master. So there was hardly artistic freedom. But Classicism begins to change the social function of recognition as a musician and artist. This change was progressive.
  • 12. Haydn spent thirty years in theservice of Count Esterhazy, usuallysubmissive, forced to compose anymusic being required. Mozart was inthe service of the Archbishop ofSalzburg, his hometown, and afterbeing fired by his rebellion, tried tolive in Vienna for the success of hisworks, but ended up dying inpoverty. Beethoven was the first tobreak completely with this systemwas never serve any patron, andfreely composed for posterity. Sothe player will become the end ofthe period in an artist who lives byhis art, freely and withoutaccountability to any pattern.