Housing architecture & poetry 26.07.11
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Housing architecture & poetry 26.07.11

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Introductory presentation by Prof. Louis Sauer to Graduate Architecture students considering taking his course in Urban Housing Design, July 2011. Cultural values are essential to understanding ...

Introductory presentation by Prof. Louis Sauer to Graduate Architecture students considering taking his course in Urban Housing Design, July 2011. Cultural values are essential to understanding architectural aesthetics. Prof. Sauer gives students a brief introduction to these ideas, using "poetry" as a metaphor for architectural aesthetics.

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Housing architecture & poetry 26.07.11 Housing architecture & poetry 26.07.11 Presentation Transcript

  • Can one design poetry in Can one design Can one design poetry poetry in in t ht e ea r cr h Iht Iet c tcut r e eof of h a c e ur hh o u s I n g? ? ousIng a brief introduction a brief introduction Louis Sauer Visiting Professor RMIT 26 July 2011China Two Lions 1957 Cai Gui-Qang Louis Sauer Visiting Professor RMIT 26 July 2011
  • Architecturalpoetry“... is a form of … building artin which … architectureis used for its aesthetic and evocative qualitiesin addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning.” LS edit Wikipedia
  • If not poetry,how about architectural music ?
  • Architectural music… is an art form whose medium is…a building’s solids, voids and texture.Common elements are … rhythmand its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation … LS edit Wikipedia
  • Architectural building ELEMENTS consist of the spatial elements : - solids - shapes - voids - textures - colors - space.
  • The architectural element of SPACE may have 2 or 3 dimensions. It refers to the distances, areas, volumes between, around or within the components of a piece. Wikipedia
  • There are two types of s p a c e , positive and negative.. Wikipedia
  • Positive spacerefers to the space of a form representing the subject matter.Negative spacerefers to the space around and between the subject matter. Wikipedia
  • Casa das Histórias Paula Rego, Cascais, Portugal, Eduardo Souto de Moura, Architect. House for Elderly People, Alcacer do Sal, Portugal, Aires Mateus Arquitectos photography by Fernando Guerra on Dezeen solid & void spaces
  • textures & colors
  • textures, colours, solids & voids Washington D.C . Suman Sorg, Architect
  • - Solids - Shapes - Textures - Colors - Space are arranged in geometric patterns and rhythmsto express a feeling, an idea, concept, a belief.
  • Shared architectural ideas & beliefs become ‘styles’ I’ll just talk briefly about a few. MinimalismTimeline
  • The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of architectural poetry and musical stylesvary according to culture and social context. LS edit Wikipedia
  • Here are two 20th century architectsknown for their art of architectural poetry who created houseswith similar planes projecting into space.
  • Farnsworth House Modern 1946 -51 Fox River, Illinois Minimalist Mies van der Rohe, Architect These designs have a similar quality of planes projecting into space but their meanings are very different The Robie House 1908-09Prairie Style Chicago, Illinois Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect
  • Prairie Style The Robie House, Chicago Illinois Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect To Wright, all is specific. The home is caught between the earth and the sky. The earth represents life’s mortality and the sky represents the unknown forever.The roof appears a captured horizon to harbor the space below, anchored by solids, a specific place It protects life from the unknowable infinity.
  • 1946 -51 Farnsworth House Plano, Illinois Mies van der Rohe, Architect In contrast to Wright, Mies believes everything is universal. The roof and floor planes extend into the landscape. Mies believes the outside has the same meaning as the inside –that all physical and non-physical forms are spiritually joined in absolute truth. Perceived difference is ephemeral. All places are the same.
  • Mies’ truth- during the early 20th century group of leading artists and architects,such as Modrian, von Doesburg, Rietveld and Mies,held strong beliefs in the spiritual beliefs of Theosophy. “Theosophy presents a world view that emphasizes the unity and interconnectedness of all life, the basic oneness of all species on earth and of all peoples.” Adyar Bookshop
  • The unity of interiors and exteriorsMies’s belief is clear in his plan for his 1924 Brick Country House.-
  • Brick Country House 1924 Mies van der Rohe
  • Mies and Wright are an exampleof how different beliefs can exist in the same century.They give different meanings to similar forms.
  • Another example of how architectural form conveys meaning, is how a culture differentiates the front of buildings from the backs of buildings.Backs and fronts have strongly different social meanings.
  • Fronts are pubic, formal and designed for a ordered ‘beauty’ rather than utilityBacksare utilitarian,private, functionally contingent and display a lackof organizational cohesion The Royal Crescent, 1767-74 Bath England, John Wood the Younger, Architect
  • The Royal Crescent, Bath, England, John Wood the Younger, Architect These front facades display a high degree of repetitive organizational formality.They could have been designed only in a culture whose values were strongly accepted by both of the residents and their government
  • In contrast to the architectural differences of the front and back anotherculture believed all sides of a buildingshould display a common aesthetic – the same appearance.In the ‘neo-classical’ architectural culture,all utilitarian and/or private functions were minimalizedexcept the entry and its stepsso that all sides could be a ‘public front’.
  • Neoclassical 1st Floor Plan Villa Rotunda 1567 Vicenza, Italy Andréa Palladio, ArchitectWith all sides of the building presenting a symmetrical ‘front’ to the outside, this diminishes the importance of any private functions. Public life is more important than private life.
  • The Entry Facade The Other Facades Villa Rotunda 1567 Vicenza, Italy Andréa Palladio, Architect
  • 20th Century Suburban USA Ranch Style In startling contrast, the facade design of the suburban house clearly expresses utility and function.One can easily read (understand) the place for the car, the entrance, the living room and a bath room. This culture believes that private life is more important than the public life.
  • Again a contrast, in 16th century Amsterdam ..
  • 16th Century Canal Houses in AmsterdamAll individual buildings belong to a family of facade designs. These buildings show facades within an overall design discipline but with individual variations.Once again, we understand this was a culture where the public had a stronger authority over private life – but, it is clear that individual families strived for a unique identity within the community..
  • The design variations at the street andcornice levels, in an otherwise almostidentical fenestration, indicate that thebuilding owners’ desire individualrecognition by the community.
  • “Vernaculararchitecture is a term used to categorize methods of construction which use locally available resources and traditions to address local needs and circumstances.” Wikipedia
  • Contemporary VernacularAC du Grand Large-Neptune 2010 Dunkirk, France Nicolas Michelin & Associates Architects
  • Designed for change Transformed by the residentsBefore the owners moved in After 0wnership Modern transformed by Vernacular Low-income Social Housing Quinta Monroy 2003 Iquique, Chile Elemental Architects
  • Minimalismdescribes movements in various forms of art and designwhere the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features. Wikipedia
  • Konstruktion 1927 Hannes Meyer Light and Space, Laszlo Moholy Nagy Contra Construction Project 1923, Von Doesburg Arithmetic Composition, 1930, van Doesburg De Stijl & Bauhaus artists are a major source of reference for minimalistic work. They expanded the ideas that could be expressedby using basic elements such as lines and planes organized in very particular manners. Wikipedia
  • MinimalismPoints 2006 Robert Ryman
  • MinimalismFree Ride 2007 Tony Smith
  • MinimalismThe Center Court, Salk Research Center, Palo Alto California, Louis Kahn, Architect
  • Minimalism Front FacadeAzuma House, Osaka, Tadao Ando, Architect
  • Courtyard
  • 3.2 x 12.8 m 65 m2 Azuma House , Tadao Ando, Architect
  • MinimalismCherokee Lofts 2007 Los Angeles, Pugh & Scarpa Architects
  • MinimalismMoriyama HouseTokyo, Ryue Nishizawa, Architect
  • MinimalismVillers Road 2008 London England Peter Barber, Architect
  • In contrast
  • Futurism, ItalyNude Number 2 1912 Marcel Duchamp
  • Russian Constructivism Komposition 8 1923 Wassily Kandinsky
  • Deconstruction, USARay and Maria Stata Center MIT, Cambridge USA 2004 Frank Gehry, Architect
  • What happened ? new valuesa new way of understanding life . a new style
  • The Deconstruction Style “… is the expression of the uncanny. … the need for an architecture of "discomfort and the unbalancing of expectations" Tschumi 1977a mystery - form contradicts function.
  • Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center, Las Vegas USA, Frank Gehry, Architect“The Deconstruction style is linked to Postmodernismwhich in turn is linked to nonsense … Nonsense is an early 20th Century literary technique, which employs enlightening witticisms … to convey a sense of wistful romantic nostalgiaand pizza within 20 minutes or your money back … thats got to be your stupidest idea ever.’ Wikapedia
  • People’s attitudes, orientations, and underlying assumptions shape the built environment ” from Ideas and Beliefs in Architecture and Industrial design Invar Holm (2006) Oslo School of Architecture and Design
  • Here are some examples of my work
  • Yellow Field 1958 oil on cardboard Louis Sauer
  • The Garden of Louis Sauer Architect 2005 89A Lawson Avenue, Frankston South, Australia
  • 2nd Street Townhouses 1969 Society Hill , Philadelphia Louis Sauer, architect
  • The Frankel Houses1967 Margate NJLouis Sauer Architect
  • Kitchen 1967Lounge The Lenard Frankel House Margate, New Jersey Louis Sauer Architect
  • 1967 The Lenard Frankel HouseMargate, New Jersey Louis Sauer Architect
  • Interior The Buten House Philadelphia 1962Louis Sauer Architect
  • Courtyard FacadeThe Buten House, Philadelphia 1962 Louis Sauer Architect
  • Interiors Hamilton House 1963 New Hope, PA Louis Sauer, Architect
  • Courtyard McClennen House 1965127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia Louis Sauer, Architect
  • Courtyard Living RoomMcClennen House, 1965 127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia, Louis Sauer, Architect
  • Lounge from the Study McClennen House 1965127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia Louis Sauer, Architect