Respiratory distress in adults and paediatrics

  • 194 views
Uploaded on

A very informative summary on respiratory distress.

A very informative summary on respiratory distress.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
194
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Respiratory distress in adults and paediatrics Presented by Mwadziwana Louis law
  • 2. Respiratory distress in paediatricsRecession, sub costal, intercostal, suprasternal andsupraclavicular • Areas sucked inward during inspiration, due to pressure changes and lack of thoracic stabilityIncreased respiratory rate (tachypnoea) greater than60bpm • Shallow rapid breathing • Aim is to increase the minute ventilationHead bobbing • Attempt to use accessory respiratory muscles but unable to fixNasal flare • Dilatation of the nostrils using the dilatores naris muscle • Primitive way to entrain more air
  • 3. Nasal flare
  • 4. Respiratory distress continuedExpiratory granting(auto PEEP) • Trying to increase intrinsic PEEP and reduce work of breathing • Aim is to increase Functional Residual CapacitySee sawing • forceful contraction of the diaphragm, causes abdomen to pushed out and generates massive negative pressure in thorax, sucking chest wall in.Apnoea • Chid is fatiguing and requires urgent respiratory support and stimulation
  • 5. Grunting
  • 6. Respiratory Distress continuedWheezing • A tight, whistling or musical sound heard with each breath may indicate that the air passages may be smaller (tighter), making it harder to breathe.Cyanosis, especially central cyanosis (lipsand tongueStridor • Obstruction of upper airways
  • 7. Cyanosis
  • 8. Child in Respiratory Distress
  • 9. Respiratory distress in adultsTachypnoea respiratory • Respiratory rate greater than 20bpmNasal flaringGruntingDyspnoea and use of accessory muscles tobreathRecessions, subcostal, intercostal, suprasternaland supraclavicularStridorwheezing
  • 10. Central cyanosis
  • 11. Respiratory distress
  • 12. ReferencesBerverly Harden at al, RespiratoryPhysiotherapy, 2009, Edinburgh London NewYork Oxford Philadelphia.http://medicalcenter.osu.edu/patientcare/healthcare_services/http://www.livestrong.com/article/501075-signs-symptoms-of-respiratory-distress-in-infants/