Macro is photography at an extremelyclose range to the subject. Usually thesubject in macro photographs areinsects, plants or some kind of smallobject like a water droplet. Macrophotography is used in many areas, Marcophotography doesn’t only extend tophotographers, scientist or biologystudents can use macro to see smallsubjects that the naked eye can’t seeother than using a microscope. Evenforensics photographers use macro toproduce life-size evidence to use in thecourtroom.By Igor SiwanowiczBy Daniel Y. Go
The depth of field in photographyis the distance between thenearest object and the furthestobject and the focus of thoseobjects. In the picture on theleft, the ladybug is completelyvisible and has extreme detailand sharpness but thebackground is fuzzed out, butbecause of this effect it makesthe ladybug stand out more.
Photographs of landscapes are takento show the different spaces in theworld and to capture the beauty ofthe moment and preserve it.Landscape photographs are usuallyof nature, landmarks, ambient lightsand weather but has little or nohuman presence within the shot.Sometimes, landscape photographsare used as reference in the filmindustry to show how the area lookslike and whether they should filmthere or not.Robert
Fashion photography has beenaround since 183 and hasevolved wildly since then. Theidea of fashion photographywas created to make theclothes and model look goodand help sell the clothes.Though nowadays, fashionphotography isn’t as natural asit was before then it is now. It has now become more of an art and picturelook more strange and exaggerated. The models look like walking pieces ofartwork and feature the not so healthy looking model.But since the introduction of editing softwares and modernization, the wackyclothes and has defined body lines have become more acceptable then it wasbefore when showing too much skin would be not as appealing then it is now.
Vogue 1960Vogue 2012Comparing these two pictures you can see that there is a clear difference instyle, colour and quality. The 2012 cover has more definition and clearness thanthe 1960 cover. Also the style the clothes are worn are different as well. Themodel on the left doesn’t show as much skin than the model on the right, whichhas cleavage, which is now more socially acceptable then it was back then.
Advertising photography is whenphotographs are used to illustratea product or idea to either promoteor sell them. Advertisingphotography is used in manyareas of photography such asglamour, food, still life andadvertising/marketing itself. aAdvertising companies also wantpeople to look in deeper into theadvert and find out more about theads content.Adverts sometimes havesubliminal messaging in order tosubconsciously make you docertain things, there have beensome cases and test to see if itactually works and many test havecome out favorably.
Portrait photography is the photography of a person or group of people thatdisplays the expression, personality, and mood of the subject. The focus ofthe photograph is usually the persons face, although the entire body andthe background may be included. There are two types of portraitphotography; formal and informal. Formal being a picture for an ID cardand informal would be social or a school photo.
FormalInformalThe difference between a formal and informal are quite clear. A formalphoto usually has the person’s face in the middle and only shows fromthe shoulder blades (not necessarily every photo) and up, whereas theinformal photo has freedom movement and doesn’t limit wheresomeones body position is.
Photojournalism is a combination ofphotography and journalism. The photosare used to represent or illustrate a newsstory.The are three types of Photojournalism:Timeliness — the images have meaningin the context of a recently publishedrecord of events.Objectivity — the situation implied by theimages is a fair and accuraterepresentation of the events they depict inboth content and tone.Narrative — the images combine withother news elements to make factsrelatable to the viewer or reader on acultural level.Photojournalist have to abide by manylegal and ethical considerations went outon the field e.g. taking a photo and thendistorting it to create a uproar in society.
Photojournalism has changed over the years andthe agencies that use it have been losing thetrust of the people over the years. In the pastbefore editing software’s, photos that were takenwere real and told a story, with near to zeropotential of misunderstanding and dis-trust. Butwith the introduction of Photoshop and theevolving mind of what is consideredimportant, photos have lose their reliability andsuspicions of photos being fake a higher thanever.