Documentary is a branch of photography field, this branch focuses on ‘document’.
The photographer takes a picture of a person, a place or an event which is
happening as they take it, it is real unlike most photography which is staged.
Documentary photograph depicts humanity and some certain situation of humanity.
These situations can be war scenes, poverty problem, child labor or anything.
Documentary photography is mostly used in the newspaper, television (the news)
and in magazines and also text books, it’s used to document real life events and was
used more in the past some of which photographs we still see today in history books.
Documentary photography has changed over time as it is a lot easier to catch a
spontaneous news event now days, for example when documentary photography
was first coming about, it would be a lot harder to hide a bulky camera with a slow
film, it would be much more noticeable when a camera had come into the equation.
People would often see the camera and look right into the camera lens when they
realized a picture is being taken of them, it is a lot harder to find a historical
photography that isn’t somewhat staged. Luckily for documentary photographers
cameras have become more advanced and smaller with a lot faster film making it
easier for photographers to take sneaky spontaneous photo’s without the subject
Starving Cuban Family
- Walker Evans
USA. Hollywood, California. 1988
Advertising photography is a type of photography used to promote and raise
awareness to a certain object, subject or service.
Advertising photography is mostly used on posters, in magazines and on television
to promote subjects and objects and companies
Advertising photography has changed over time for example an advertisement
photograph from the sixties would never have seen a woman wearing very little
clothes whereas now days it is very normal and natural to see a big photograph of
woman showing a lot of skin. Also during, for example, the sixties woman and men
had very different job roles, men where supposed to work and woman where
supposed to stay at home looking after children and cooking a lovely dinner for her
husband. Therefore there would be different things advertised for each gender. Now,
though, subjects are advertised to whoever see’s it, man or woman.
It has changed over time to suit the ever changing generations. For example people
care more about name brands now, having the latest of everything: phones, cars,
clothing, make up.
Fashion photography is an area of photography devoted to displaying clothes and
other fashion items.
It is mainly used in magazines, newspapers, the internet and is also used to
Fashion photography has greatly changed over time, for example fashion as a whole
has changed a great deal from when woman where made to wear dresses a great
deal of the time we now see pictures of women in short shorts and showing a lot
more skin than was previously allowed. Also photography equipment has advanced,
we can now edit blemishes on our fashion models, and make them look generally
better looking. Also we have better quality cameras and lighting equipment which
can make for a better photograph.
Fashion photography has changed over time along with the generation, previous
fashion photography would have seen a woman almost completely covered in a
dress whereas today we have photographs showing a lot of skin perhaps wearing
short shorts and a crop top.
Portrait photography is photography of a person or
people which displays expression, personality and mood
of the subject.
It is mostly used in family photographs, sometimes
advertising and art.
Portrait photography has changed over as the equipment
has become better. We now have much better lighting
equipment, editing tools (photoshop)and cameras.
It has changed to become a better form of photography, a
more expanded and used area.
Photojournalism is a form of journalism and photography
which collects images in order to tell a story.
It is mostly used in magazines, newspapers, television
Photojournalism has changed over time due to the
changes in generation. For example during the 1930’s to
the 1950’s or ‘the golden age of photojournalism’ there
was a lot to photograph such as homeless family and
starving families due to the great depression. Now for
example, in most parts, life isn’t as bad as it was then and
there isn’t as many interesting stories to tell through
D-Day landings, Dead
Macro photography is taking an extreme close up of a small very
subject. Usually animals, insects and nature. It captures the
subject and makes everything in the background blurred so the
audiences main focus would be only the subject.
It is mostly used in magazines, for example nature magazines,
although it can sometimes be used in advertising also alongside a
vast range of other media.
Macro has changed greatly over the years for example when it
was just being discovered it would have the been very hard for the
photographer to blur out the background so as the main focus
would be the subject. As it is mostly used on insects, animals and
nature it would have been very difficult to get the subject to keep
still long enough to take a macro picture given the slow film of the
Graham Owen – Happy Bee
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