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FROM ABOLITION TO CIVIL RIGHTS CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT BLACK PANTHER PARTY THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE (NAACP)
THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT The Civil Rights Movement was a worldwide political movement between approximately 1950 and 1980. It refers to the struggle of American blacks to obtain their civil rights after the Civil War. These struggles were intended to put an end to racial segregation and to obtain equality of political rights for every American citizen. The Civil Rights Movement was composed of many diverse groups, in particular, the Black Panther and the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).
The Black Panther party was an African-American revolutionary leftist organization. It was created in the United States from 1966 until 1982. It was initially formed to protect local communities from police brutality and racism. The Black Panther Party was the result of the meeting of two young activists of the black cause, Huey P Newton and Bobby Seal in Oakland in the Bay Area of San Francisco, California.
THE BLACK PANTHER PARTY HAD A LIST OF RULES THATDICTATED THEIR DAILY PARTY WORK: We want freedom. We want power to determine the destiny of our Black Community. We want full employment for our people. We want an end to the robbery by the white man of our Black Community. We want decent housing. We want education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American. We want all Black men to be exempt from military service. We want an immediate end to police brutality and murder of Black people. We want freedom for all Black people men held in federal, state, county and city prisons and jails.
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVENCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE (NAACP)
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an African American civil right organization in the United States. This organization was founded on February 12, 1909 in New York City by a group of black and white citizens fighting for social justice. The missions of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People are « to ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality right of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination ». The NAACPs headquarters are in Baltimore, Maryland, with additional regional offices in California, New York, Michigan, Colorado, Georgia, Texas and Maryland.
In 1920 and 1930, the National Association Advancement of Colored People devoted much of its energy to publicizing the lynching of blacks throughout the United States. To show to the world that the members of the organization would not be intimidated, it held its 1920 annual conference in Atlanta, Georgia, considered at the time to be located in one of the most active Ku Klux Klan areas in the nation. In 1948, this association pressured President Harry Truman into signing an executive order to ban discrimination by the federal government. In 1950, the National Association Advancement of Colored People began its campaign against the legal doctrine that separate but equal schools for black and white children were constitutional. The Supreme Court had ruled that separate schools were acceptable as long as they were "separate but equal." The National Association Advancement of Colored People set out to prove that separate facilities provided to black students were not equal to those for whites.
Huey Percy Newton ( member of black panther organization) Yannis You, Beeputh Ornella and Amélie Boni