How to write a basic essay in seven steps version b
How to Write a BasicEssay in Seven Steps Adapted from Collins
Steps to Writing an Essay1 Decide on your topic2 Brainstorm & Make an Outline3 Write a thesis statement.4 Write the introduction.5 Write the body.6 Write the conclusion.7 Edit your work.
1. Decide on your topic• Has your topic been assigned? o Yes: • General topic? o Make sure you choose a specific part of the topic to write about. o Brainstorm the specific areas. • Keep in mind what kind of paper you need to write (comparison, process, etc.)
Decide on your topic o No: • Define your purpose – what kind of paper do you need to write? • Brainstorm subjects that interest you. o Write down any subject that you can think of. • Evaluate each subject. o Can you develop the topic enough for an essay? o Does it fit with the purpose?
2. Brainstorm & Make an Outline• Purpose: o put your ideas about the topic on paper, in a moderately organized way. o Is a rough plan for the essay. o Always take the time to plan out your ideas! • It will result in a much better essay.
Brainstorm • First, brainstorm about your topic by using a graphic organizer. o About the main ideas o About some details for those main ideas • Then, use the visual to choose your main ideas for the essay.
Make an OutlineHow many main ideas does a 5-paragraph template essay have?
Make an OutlineHow many main ideas does a 5-paragraph template essay have? ~3 **With longer essays, you will need more than 3 main ideas.***
Make an Outline• How many supporting ideas does each main idea need?
Make an OutlineHow many supporting ideasdoes each main idea need? ~3 **For longer essays, more than 3 supporting ideas can be used.**
Make an OutlineTopic: _______________________________Main Idea 1: ________________________________ a: ____________________________________ b: ____________________________________ c: ____________________________________Main Idea 2: ________________________________ a: ____________________________________ b: ____________________________________ c: ____________________________________Main Idea 3: _______________________________ a: ____________________________________ b: ____________________________________ c: ____________________________________
3. Write a ThesisThe thesis tells the reader: o What the essay will be about. (Topic) o What you are going to say about the topic (Controlling idea) o What your main points are. (Essay Map)
Write a Thesis StatementThe thesis will have 3 parts: 1. The topic 2. The controlling idea 3. The essay map (optional)
Write a Thesis Statement• Identify the topic, controlling idea and the essay map. 1. Public transportation helps with traffic congestion, resource management, and the city budget. 2. The government should encourage young people to vote by educating them about politics in school, showing political news on television shows geared to them and how easy voting is.
4. Write the Introduction 4-5 introductory sentences before the thesis • Examples • Facts & statistics • Definitions • General to specific Avoid formulaic introductions
5. Write the Body• In the body of the essay, the topic you have chosen must now be explained, described, or argued.• Each main idea that you wrote down in your outline will become one of the body paragraphs. o That is, if you had three main ideas, you will have three body paragraphs. o The order is the same as the order in your thesis.
Write the Body•Topic sentence (the main point of theparagraph) Example 1 + Explanation Example 2 + Explanation Example 3 + ExplanationConcluding sentence or a sentence transition tothe next paragraph
6. Conclusion• The conclusion: oRestate your thesis (paraphrase) oAdd a final comment on your topic and gives your reader something to think about.
Don’t forget to EDIT! By reviewing what you have done, you can improve weak points that otherwise would be missed. Read and reread your paper. o Check the order of your paragraphs. • Look at your paragraphs. Which one is the strongest? Is the order logical? o Does it make logical sense? • Leave it for a few hours and then read it again. Does it still make logical sense? o Do the sentences flow smoothly from one another? • If not, try to add some words and phrases to help connect them. Transition words and conjunctions, such as "therefore" or “but" can help. o Have you run a spell checker or a grammar checker? • These aids cannot catch every error, but they might catch errors that you have missed.
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