The Greek OlympicsRight from the start in 776 BC - 2012
The Olympic games A ncient Greeks loved sport and most cities in Ancient Greece had public gymnasiums where people gathered to train and relax. The Greeks believed that a healthy body was very important. Most men and boys practiced sports every day because they enjoyed them and wanted to keep fit. Sport was a good preparation for war too. The Greek armies had to be fit enough to march long distances, carrying all their heavy equipment, and then begin the fight with the enemy. T he Greeks had four national sports festivals, where athletes from different city states competed against one another. The most important of the sports contests was the Olympic Games. These were played at Olympia, every four years, in honor of Zeus. On the first day of the Olympics, sacrifices of grain, wine, and lambs were made to Zeus. Olympic Games Greece is the home country of the Olympic Games. Olympia, a Greek city, was known to be a very important center of athletics. The Olympic games, held there every four years, were so important in Greek life that they were used as the basis for the Greek calendar. The Olympic Games began over 2,700 years ago in Olympia, in southwest Greece. The Games were part of a religious festival. The Greek Olympics, thought to have begun in 776 BC, inspired the modern Olympic Games (begun in 1896) The Games were held in honour of Zeus, king of the gods, and were staged every four years at Olympia, a valley near a city called Elis. People from all over the Greek world came to watch and take part
Who were the ancient The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4,000 years ago. The Ancient Greeks lived in Greece and the countries that we now call Bulgaria and Turkey. The Ancient Greece empire spread over Europe as far as France in the East. The Greek Empire was most powerful between 2000 BC and 146 BC Greeks? The ancient Greeks developed new ideas for government, science, philosophy, religion, and art. Ancient Greece was split into many different states, each one was ruled in its own way. Each state had its own laws, government and money but they shared the same language and religion The two most important city states were Athens and Sparta.
Where were the OlympicGames held in Greece?The Olympics were held in Greece and it was quite close to mount Olympus so they decided to have it in a little village called Olympia and that’s where they light the Olympic torch relay from .
Why do we have an The Olympics were part of a religious event. They were held in honour of Zeus, the father of the gods and wereOlympics? a big celebration.
Probably the pankration or all-in wrestling was the nastiest event. There were hardly any rules. Biting and poking peoples eyes were officially banned, but some competitors did both! While it does not seem veryThe nastiest sporting to us, all-in wrestling was very popular. Boxing was tough too. The fighters wore leather gloves and a boxer was allowed to go on hitting his opponent even after hed knocked him to the ground! However, cheating was punished. Anyone caught cheating, trying to bribe an athlete for instance, had to pay for a bronze statue of Zeus, as a punishment.event?
What was the sacred t The city-states of Greece were often at war. This made travel between them dangerous. So messengers sent out from Elis announced a sacred truce (peace) lasting one month before the Games began. This meant people could travel to Olympia in safety. The Olympic Games were more important than wars because they were a religious festival. The messengers went all over the Greek world, as the map shows.
At the first one-day Olympic Games, the only event was a shortEvents at the game sprint from one end of the stadium to the other. Gradually more events were added to make four days of competitions. They included • wrestling, • boxing, • long jump, • throwing the javelin and discus, • and chariot racing. In the pentathlon, there were five events: • Running, • wrestling, • javelin, • discus and long jump. One of the toughest events was the race for hoplites, men wearing armour and carrying shields. Winners were given a wreath of leaves, and a heros welcome back home. Winners might marry rich women, enjoy free meals, invitations to parties, and the best seats in the theatre. The running track was much wider than a modern one. Twenty people could run at once.
Women in Olympia Only men, boys and unmarried girls were allowed to attend the Olympic Games. Married women were not allowed into the Olympic Games. Any women caught sneaking in were punished! Women could own horses in the chariot race though. Unmarried women had their own festival at Olympia every four years. This was the Heraia, held in honour of Hera, wife of Zeus. Women could compete in running races, though only unmarried girls took part. Winners were awarded crowns of sacred olive branches, the same as men. As a rule Greek women did not go in for sport, unless they were Spartans.
spectator About 50,000 people could sit in the stadium. Away from the arena, most spectators had to find somewhere to pitch their tents or sleep rough, but important visitors and athletes had hotel rooms. It was hot and overcrowded, and the water supply was poor, at first not even a proper drinking fountain. This didnt stop people coming though! The Games ended with a feast. Lots of oxen were roasted in a giant barbecue. Traders came to do business, Fun Facts entertainers such as jugglers and Big sunhats were banned, because acrobats performed, and politicians made they blocked speeches to the crowds. other spectators view.
Thank You For Watching !I hope you learned lotsabout the Ancient Greek Olympics. GO GREECE/GO GB!!!!!!!!!! By Lucy Leeds