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    2.G 2.G Presentation Transcript

    • SURVIVAL A2 ENGLISHUSING MODAL VERBS TO EXPRESS ABILITY
    • FUNCTION
    • FUNCTIONAbility:
    • FUNCTIONAbility:We use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
    • FUNCTIONAbility: CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
    • FUNCTIONAbility: Can CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
    • FUNCTIONAbility: Can CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:We use “can” and “can’t” toexpress abilities that aregenerally true in thepresent.
    • FORM
    • FORMJennifer can skate.
    • FORMJennifer can skate.Rachael can’t skate.
    • FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verbRachael can’t skate.
    • FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer RachaelRachael can’t skate.
    • FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer can Rachael can’tRachael can’t skate.
    • FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer can skate. Rachael can’t skate.Rachael can’t skate.
    • FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer can skate. Rachael can’t skate. A base verb is the verb alone, without the infinitive (to) or conjugation. It is the simple verb you would find in theRachael can’t skate. dictionary.
    • QUESTION FORM
    • QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verb
    • QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verbCanCan’t
    • QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verbCan JenniferCan’t Rachael
    • QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verbCan Jennifer skate?Can’t Rachael skate?
    • SHORT ANSWER FORM
    • SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate?
    • SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate? Yes, she can.
    • SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate? Yes, she can. Can’t Rachael skate?
    • SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate? Yes, she can. Can’t Rachael skate? No, she can’t.
    • EXAMPLES
    • EXAMPLESYou can use my car.
    • EXAMPLESYou can use my car. Thanks, but I can’t drive.
    • EXAMPLESYou can use my car. Thanks, but I can’t drive.Can you help me move on Saturday?
    • EXAMPLESYou can use my car. Thanks, but I can’t drive. Can you help me move on Saturday? Yes, I can actually. I don’t have to work.
    • Exclusive use for: THE KENNEDY INSTITUTE End of PresentationNo part of this presentation may be printed, downloaded, copied, stored or altered without written permission of The Kennedy Institute. ®2012