The Lincoln Repository
What is Open Access?
“free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a
license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work
publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital
medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of
authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed
copies for their personal use.”
Open Access repositories: Originally
subject-based, within the science
community. http://arxiv.org (Cornell
University, est.1991. Alexa rank 15,056,
now has over 540,000 articles)
£14m JISC investment in repositories and
preservation in UK HE 2006-9.
109 Institutional Repositories in the UK,
over 1100 worldwide (ROAR and OpenDOAR)
• European Research Council (FP7)
• 7 of 8 RCUK Research Councils http://
• Wellcome Trust and other funders…
…require funded researchers to deposit their work in
an Institutional or subject-specific Repository.
In addition, the UK Parliamentary Select Committee on
Science & Technology and the European University
Association (EUA) both formally recommend
mandating the deposit of research publications in an
Open Access Institutional Repository.
Growing number of institutional mandates,
The Research Excellence Framework
(successor to RAE) will use metrics such as
citations in some disciplines to inform expert
review of outputs:
Depositing research articles in OA
repositories has a citation/impact advantage
(depending on discipline):
Repository content is search engine friendly.
…and depositing requires minimal effort.
What about publishers?
Around 65% of publishers (90% of journal
publishers) have repository-friendly policies.
If in doubt, deposit full text (both at pre-print
and post-print stage).
Metadata is public and searchable.
Full text can be embargoed in accordance
with publisher policy.
Beneficiaries of OA Repositories include:
institution (shop window, preservation)
academic (organising work, increasing
profile, dissemination, importing feeds to