What is communication?<br />Joseph DeVitio says, “Communication refers to the act, by one or more persons, of sending and receiving message that are distorted by noise, occur within a context, have some, and provide some opportunity for feedback.”<br />
Transmission Model of communication<br />ENCODES<br />DECODES<br />MESSAGE<br />SENDER<br />RECIEVER<br />CHANEL<br />Noise<br />Encodingis the process by which the source takes an idea or thought and selects verbal and nonverbal symbols from his her environment to send which he/she feels accurately represents that idea.<br />Noise<br />Noise<br />Decoding is the ability to translate the message into symbols than the receiver can understand<br />Noise<br />Noise<br />Chanel is the medium through which the message must pass. The channel of communication are our senses: sight, sound, touch, taste and smell.<br />Receiver is the target audience of the message<br />Message is the content of the communication<br />Sender is the source of the message.<br />Noise<br />Noise<br />Noise is anything that disrupts the communication process<br />FEEDBACK is information that is sent back to the source<br />
Verbal and nonverbal communication<br />Humans communicate on two levels, the verbal level and the nonverbal level<br />Verbal communication is defined as any means that uses language (words, numbers or symbols)<br />Nonverbal communication is defined by CummunnicologistTortiello, Blot, and DeWine as: “The exchange of message through non-linguistic means, including: kisnestic (body language, facial expressions and eye contact, clothing and physical appearance , tactile communication, space and territory, culture and social system, paralanguage (tone, pitch, rate, inflection), and the use of silence and time.”<br />
Communication environments<br />Intrapersonal communication refers to the ability to the times you communicate with yourself.<br />
Interpersonal communication occurs between people who have known each other for sometime.<br />
Small group communication<br />Most researchers define a small group as having at least three and no more than twelve or fifteen members. A group members must be able to communicate freely and openly with all of the other members of the group.<br />
Community is a group of people who interact with each other.<br />A virtual communication is a group of people exchanging messages or other types of information without face to face contact.<br />
Mass communication is the transmission of messages which may be processed by gate keepers or filters prior to being sent to large audience via a channel for broad diffusion.<br />
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