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Planning For Publication

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Lorraine Eden\'s PPT presentation for the Strategic Management Society (SMS) Doctoral Consortium "Meet the Editors" panel on October 10, 2009

Lorraine Eden\'s PPT presentation for the Strategic Management Society (SMS) Doctoral Consortium "Meet the Editors" panel on October 10, 2009

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  • 1. PLANNING FOR PUBLICATION The View from the Editor’s Chair Lorraine Eden Editor-in-Chief Journal of International Business Studies (JIBS) Strategic Management Society 29th Annual International Conference Washington, DC, October 10, 2009
  • 2. OUTLINE: PLANNING FOR PUBLICATION I. What Is International Business (IB) Research? II. JIBS at a Glance III. Planning for Publication: What does it take? IV. The Big Hurdle: Avoiding a desk reject V. Conclusions 2
  • 3. I. What Is the Domain of IB Research? 1. MNE activities, strategies, structures & decision-making processes 2. MNE interactions with other actors, organizations & institutions 3. Cross-border activities of firms 4. Impact of the international environment on the activities, strategies, structures & decision-making processes of firms 5. Cross-country comparative studies of businesses, business processes & organizational behavior 6. International dimensions of organizational forms & activities
  • 4. What Is Not IB Research? • Activities, strategies, structures & processes of domestic firms • Interactions of domestic firms with other domestic actors, organizations & institutions • Within-border activities of firms (e.g. investment, technology transfers) • Impact of the domestic environment (e.g., cultural, political, economic) on the activities, strategies, structures & processes of domestic firms • Within-country comparative studies of businesses, business processes and organizational behavior in the same country or environment • Domestic dimensions of organizational forms (e.g., alliances, M&As) and activities (e.g., entrepreneurship, corporate governance) 4
  • 5. II. What Journals Publish IB Research? • “Column” Cell” journals: Specialty journals that focus on journals: one topic (e.g. international marketing, Mainstream international management) or one approach discipline-based journals that to IB (e.g. practitioner oriented articles) publish “international” aspects of their DISCIPLINES discipline (e.g., Acct Econ Finc Mgmt Mktg PolSci  Academy of Management Journal, Journal A of Finance, R Accounting E A Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Review) S 5
  • 6. II. What Journals Publish IB Research? The proposed new SMS journal– Global Strategic Management – will be a “mini-cell” journal (International Strategic Management is an area within Strategic Management , which itself is an area within Management) DISCIPLINES Finc Management Mktg Acct A Strategic Entre- Org HRM Other MGMT preneur- Behavior MGMT R ship E A S Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l 6
  • 7. JIBS Is an Interdisciplinary IB Journal JIBS is not a “column” or “cell” journal, but rather an interdisciplinary “row” journal, spanning not only mainstream business disciplines (e.g. management, finance, marketing), but also IB aspects of other social sciences. Thus, its scope is broader than “cell” specialty journals and narrower than “column” discipline-based journals. DISCIPLINES Acct Econ Finc Mgmt Mktg PolSci  A R E A Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l Int’l S 7
  • 8. OUTLINE: PLANNING FOR PUBLICATION I. What Is International Business (IB) Research? II. JIBS at a Glance III. Getting Published: What does it take? IV. The Big Hurdle: Avoiding a desk reject V. Conclusions 8
  • 9. III. JIBS at a Glance • JIBS is a professional association journal, owned by the Academy of International Business (AIB). • AIB is the leading global community of scholars for creation and dissemination of knowledge about international business and policy issues. Established in 1959 - 50th anniversary in 2008. AIB has approx. 3,200 members in 74 countries. Website: http://aib.msu.edu • JIBS Home page: http://www.jibs.net • JIBS Activities page: http://cibs.tamu.edu/jibs 9
  • 10. JIBS at a Glance: A “Tier 1” Journal Mission Statement: To publish insightful and influential articles on international business that are widely read and cited by business and management scholars. JIBS is widely recognized as • The #1 scholarly journal in international business studies. • A “top 10” or “tier 1” scholarly business journal.
  • 11. JIBS Statistics at a Glance Number of Sales: 4,500 on-line and print (2009) Number of pages: 1,640 and issues: 9 (2009) Volume # 40 in 2009: The 40th Anniversary! 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 214 414 437 550 589 494 514 Submissions 43 41 31 40 52 66 76 Articles 6 6 6 6 7 8 8 Issues Pages 835 603 570 726 942 1,244 1,391 JIBS.NET: N.A. N.A. 54,694 77,041 211,552 256,570 404,818 Article downloads JIBS.NET: Page N.A. N.A. 281,044 358,187 548,987 1,319,896 1,620,672 views 11
  • 12. JIBS 2008 SSCI Ranking Eighth Among Business Journals in 2008* Rank Journal Title ISSN Total Impact 5-Year Immediacy Articles Cited Half-Life Cites Factor Impact Index Factor 1 ACAD MANAGE REV 0363-7425 11613 6.125 8.211 1.209 43 >10.0 2 ACAD MANAGE J 0001-4273 12285 6.079 7.670 0.273 55 >10.0 3 J RETAILING 0022-4359 2454 4.095 4.978 1.114 35 9.3 4 J MARKETING 0022-2429 9414 3.589 7.092 0.204 54 >10.0 5 STRATEGIC MANAGE J 0143-2095 13703 3.344 6.708 0.443 70 >10.0 6 MARKET SCI 0732-2399 2813 3.309 3.868 0.096 73 >10.0 7 J MANAGE 0149-2063 4912 3.080 4.532 0.225 40 >10.0 8 J INT BUS STUD 0047-2506 4990 2.992 5.030 0.320 75 >10.0 9 ADMIN SCI QUART 0001-8392 9086 2.853 6.313 0.125 16 >10.0 10 J CONSUM PSYCHOL 1057-7408 1060 2.841 2.766 3.000 25 5.4 * Only those journals with an impact factor score of 2.8 or higher are reflected. 12
  • 13. JIBS 2008 SSCI Ranking Seventh Among Management Journals in 2008 * Rank Journal Title ISSN Total Impact 5-Year Immediacy Articles Cited Half-Life Cites Factor Impact Index Factor 1 ACAD MANAGE REV 0363-7425 11613 6.125 8.211 1.209 43 >10.0 2 ACAD MANAGE J 0001-4273 12285 6.079 7.670 0.273 55 >10.0 3 MIS QUART 0276-7783 5684 5.183 11.586 0.778 36 9.7 4 STRATEGIC MANAGE J 0143-2095 13703 3.344 6.708 0.443 70 >10.0 5 J MANAGEMENT 0149-2063 4912 3.080 4.532 0.225 40 >10.0 6 ORGAN RES METHODS 1094-4281 922 3.019 3.387 1.211 38 6.6 7 J INT BUS STUD 0047-2506 4990 2.992 5.030 0.320 75 >10.0 8 ACAD MANAG LEARN EDU 1537-260X 451 2.889 0.056 36 3.8 9 ADMIN SCI QUART 0001-8392 9086 2.853 6.313 0.125 16 >10.0 * Only those journals with an impact factor score of 2.8 or higher are reflected. 13
  • 14. JIBS and the Big Five Benchmarking vs the BIG FIVE business & mgmt journals Yr ASQ AMR AMJ JIBS Org Sci SMJ 2008 2.85 6.13 6.08 2.99 2.58 3.34 2007 2.91 4.37 5.02 2.28 3.13 2.83 2006 2.46 4.52 3.35 2.25 2.82 2.63 2005 2.71 4.25 2.20 1.25 1.99 1.90 2004 3.40 3.72 2.65 1.29 2.30 1.98 2003 2.72 4.42 3.34 1.39 2.37 2.72 2002 2.63 3.70 2.54 1.46 1.61 3.09 2001 3.98 3.16 2.83 0.87 2.06 2.68 14
  • 15. JIBS Structure Editor-in-Chief Area Editors Managing Editor & JIBS Staff Consulting Editors Board (CEB) Editorial Review Board (ERB) Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan AIB Executive Board 15
  • 16. JIBS Editorial Office Anne Hoekman Lorraine Eden Deanna Johnston Managing Editor Editorial Assistant Editor-in-Chief Michigan State Texas A&M University University Texas A&M University 16
  • 17. JIBS Area Editors …… + 30 Consulting Editors Daniel C. Bello Sea-Jin Chang Witold J. Henisz Lee H. Radebaugh Lemma W. Senbet Intl Marketing & Managing the Institutional & Political IB Policy & International Supply Chair Mgmt MNE Environment of IB Accounting Finance Anand Swaminathan Rosalie L. Tung Alain Verbeke Arjen van Witteloostuijn Organization Theory Intl, Comparative & MNE Theory & Economics, Ecology & & IB Cross-Cultural MGMT International Strategy Strategy in IB 17
  • 18. The JIBS Review Process • JIBS is double blind (but editors will know who you are) • Uses three reviewers who send their reviews to the Area Editor; the initial screening is done by the Editor-in-Chief and Reviewing Editor • Selection by country and area expertise where possible to identify reviewers. • Goal is 30 day turn from reviewers, two months from receipt of manuscript to answer back to the author 18
  • 19. OUTLINE: PLANNING FOR PUBLICATION I. What Is International Business (IB) Research? II. JIBS at a Glance III. Planning for Publication: What does it take? IV. The Big Hurdle: Avoiding a desk reject V. Conclusions 19
  • 20. IV. Planning for Publication: What does it take? Less than one in 10 submitted papers is accepted for publication at JIBS and other top-tier journals. What does it take to make it through the peer review process? 20
  • 21. Getting Published: Key Steps When writing a paper with the goal of having it accepted for publication, there are several steps one can take to increase the chances of successful publication: 1. Select a new, useful topic that makes a contribution to our knowledge of IB. 2. Collaborate with other scholars. 3. Follow the journal’s policy guidelines. 4. Understand the peer review process. 21
  • 22. 1. Selecting a Topic • The Problem should: • Address a new and interesting question • Challenge conventional wisdom • Be counter-intuitive • Make a contribution to / advance current thinking • Reconcile anomalies between theory and/or evidence – solve puzzles • Where do you find ideas? Read, go into the field, attend conferences, talk to people who are interested in your research area. • Be prepared to enter an existing conversation with other scholars. What story do you have to tell, and what data do you have to support your story? How does your story fit into the existing conversation? 22
  • 23. Common Shortcomings • Paper motivation is weak – “Gap in our understanding”. Is there really a gap -- or just an inadequate literature review? Is the gap worth filling (maybe not)? • Theory development is weak – Theory by assertion or citation or reinvention of existing theory – Intro of new variable highly correlated with many existing variables • Empirical work is weak – Mechanisms linking DV and IVs are not carefully specified, plausible and observable – Data do not “match” theory - unit of analysis, construct validity. – Tests do not rule out alternate hypotheses or control for potential confounds. 23
  • 24. 2. Collaborate: Team-based Research • Ideas get better with a sounding board •If you are new to the game, start with someone who has published before • Team research may not only be better but also faster - share ideas, resources and competencies – create learning alliances 24
  • 25. Collaborate: Test Your Ideas on Others 1. Friendly reviews – ask colleagues to read your work and give comments. Revise the paper based on the comments. 2. Outside reviews – ask three or four scholars in the field to read your paper and give you comments.  Revise the paper based on the comments. 3. Present your paper at a workshop or conference.  Revise the paper based on the comments. 4. Ready to submit your paper? What comes next ?? 25
  • 26. 3. Journal Policies Improve Your Chances Check journal websites for:  Statement of Editorial Policy  Instructions for Contributors  Code of Ethics  Style Guide  Frequently Asked Questions Remember you are entering a conversation – what do you have to contribute? 26
  • 27. 4. Peer Review: Who does what? • Who makes the decision? • How does the process work? • Steps to take after a decision is made 27
  • 28. How does the peer review process work inside a journal? The 1st Round Process at JIBS: From OM submission to Decision 1 AE makes R&R or Reject decision 28
  • 29. The Revise-and- Resubmit Process at Admin Checks and Passes to AE JIBS: Stages 2, 3 and 4 AE Sends Back to Reviewers Reviewers Score OM  decision 1: 68 days AE makes decision R1 decision 2: 62 days R2 decision 3: 37 days R3  decision 4: 17 days Process continues to Total “inside” time: Six Months Final Decision 29
  • 30. What Next? Steps After a Decision • Editor collects reviews and makes a recommendation • If you get an R&R • If you get a Rejection – Celebrate - you are – Don’t take the criticisms partly through the “eye personally. of the needle”! – Don’t appeal the decision – – Attend to all reviewer with rare exceptions. comments. – Fix the manuscript before sending it to another journal. – Return the revised – Don’t bury it – every good manuscript with your paper has a home. Responses within 4 months. 30
  • 31. OUTLINE: PLANNING FOR PUBLICATION I. What Is International Business (IB) Research? II. JIBS at a Glance III. Planning for Publication: What does it take? IV. The Big Hurdle: Avoiding a desk reject V. Conclusions 31
  • 32. V. The Big Hurdle: Avoiding a Desk Reject About 45 % of original submissions are desk rejected through the internal review process. Many authors are invited to fix the problems identified by the JIBS Editors and to resubmit their papers to JIBS. Submissions to JIBS --- in order to pass the internal review stage and avoid a desk reject -- must meet minimum FIT, QUALITY and CONTRIBUTION norms. 32
  • 33. Reasons for Desk Rejection at JIBS • Lack of Fit • Manuscript topic does not fall within the JIBS domain statement (e.g. paper not sufficiently international). • Problems with Quality • The manuscript does not have sufficient intellectual depth. • Methods/analysis not appropriate to the research question being asked or are not reasonably rigorous. • Manuscript does not conform to accepted standards of scholarship in terms of style, content and writing, or the paper is excessively long. • Insufficient Contribution to IB Studies • The research is not likely to be interesting to IB scholars. • The manuscript does not advance our knowledge of IB studies. 33
  • 34. Example of Desk Reject Letter #1 “Your paper is well done but does not advance the field in terms of new theory in this area. None of the hypotheses is new. The key contribution of the paper is to test existing hypotheses on a new dataset. Papers that do not advance theory will receive, if sent out for review, with an almost sure rejection by our reviewers on the grounds that the paper does meet the JIBS standard of making an innovative and insightful contribution to IB studies.” Recommendation: submit elsewhere or revise manuscript so as to improve the contribution to IB studies. 34
  • 35. Example of Desk Reject Letter #2 “Your manuscript is only tangentially related to IB studies. The paper is a single-country study of ___. While one of the hypotheses is IB related, this is only a small part of the paper. If you can rework the paper to really build in a strong IB aspect to the theory development and empirical work, such that the paper more clearly fits within the JIBS Statement of Editorial Policy, then I would encourage you to submit the revised paper to JIBS. You might find it helpful to read the JIBS Letter from the Editors on "What makes a study sufficiently international?“ if you do decide to rewrite the paper for JIBS.” Recommendation: submit elsewhere or revise manuscript so as to improve IB contribution. 35
  • 36. Example of Desk Reject Letter #3 “Your paper could make a useful contribution to the IB literature on _____ because ____. The problem is that if I ask:” Why JIBS? Why was this paper submitted to JIBS I cannot answer this question. Some problems I see are the following: The paper is not set up like JIBS articles. The introduction and theory development do not link to IB studies nor to previous papers in JIBS on this topic. The conclusions do not say why this paper is important for IB scholars in general, or JIBS readers in particular. Moreover, the paper is too narrow and needs to be broadened; the focus is too discipline specific and as a result, the paper will be of little interest to the broad IB community. I am therefore desk rejecting your manuscript. However, because your manuscript looks like it could make a useful contribution to IB studies, I recommend that you revise it to address the problems identified here and make a new submission to JIBS. Your paper needs to have clear answers to the questions: (1)Why was this paper submitted to JIBS? (2) Will this paper be of interest to JIBS readers? (3) Does this paper make an insightful and innovation contribution to IB studies? If you do not wish to spend the time revising the paper so that it is more appropriate for JIBS, I recommend that you submit it to a more narrowly focused journal in your discipline and wish you luck with this manuscript. “ Recommendation: Improve the fit for the journal or submit elsewhere. 36
  • 37. Example of Desk Reject Letter #4 “I am desk rejecting your paper and recommending that you revise the paper and resubmit it to JIBS. As the paper currently stands, if it went out for review I believe it would be rejected on the first round. The reason is straightforward. The paper is an inductive case study but its contribution to theory building is not clear. JIBS prides itself on theory development and the way the paper is currently framed I cannot not tell what the main theoretical contributions of the paper are, over and above what we already know about this topic. Please let me stress that this is NOT a rejection of your paper because it is based on qualitative research. In fact, JIBS has a Call for Papers on "Qualitative Research in IB”. However, the qualitative research must meet the highest, most rigorous standards in terms of "best practice" in qualitative methods, and the theory contribution of the paper must be clear and significant. It is not obvious from reading your paper that it has followed best practice in terms of, for example, construct validity, nor can I see how the paper contributes to IB research either by developing new theory or by providing insights into existing theories. My advice would be to rework the paper so as to address these weaknesses and resubmit it to JIBS. This will improve the paper’s chances of passing through the JIBS review process in a successful manner.” Recommendation: Meet or exceed best practice and be clear about IB contribution, or submit elsewhere. 37
  • 38. OUTLINE: PLANNING FOR PUBLICATION I. What Is International Business (IB) Research? II. JIBS at a Glance III. Planning for Publication: What does it take? IV. The Big Hurdle: Avoiding a desk reject V. Conclusions 38
  • 39. VI. Conclusions: From the Editor’s Chair • IB research is inherently interdisciplinary, bringing together scholars from across the social sciences with an interest in IB. • You are entering an ongoing conversation. IB Journals differ (column, cell, row). Study journal documents and read the journals. Understand the conversations. Know where and why you are submitting. • Doing IB research and getting it published is hard work -- intensive, collaborative, stressful and fun. • The big hurdle is desk rejection. Submissions must meet the journal’s minimum fit, quality and contribution criteria. • Enjoy the process and celebrate your successes! 39
  • 40. Any questions? Please: * Send your best IB research to JIBS * * Join the JIBS community of scholars JIBS: Our Business Is International Business Thank you! editor-in-chief@jibs.net