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Ch 6 brain body Reg. Psych2011
 

Ch 6 brain body Reg. Psych2011

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    Ch 6 brain body Reg. Psych2011 Ch 6 brain body Reg. Psych2011 Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter Six Body and Brain
    • The Nervous System
    • Nervous System Hierarchy
    • Central Nervous System
      • Brain
      • Spinal Cord
    • Central Nervous System
    • Peripheral Nervous System
              • Enteric Nervous System
      • Somatic & Autonomic Nervous Systems
    • Somatic Nervous System
      • Motor nerves
      • Sensory nerves
      • Voluntary functions
    • Autonomic Nervous System
      • Sympathetic Nervous System
      • Parasympathetic Nervous System
    • The Nervous System
      • Neurons
        • Electrochemical impulses
        • “ Firing”
        • Synapse
        • 10-12 billion
        • Range from microscopic to 3 feet
    • Three Kinds of Neurons
      • Receptor (afferent) (sensory)
      • Interneurons (associative)
      • Effector (efferent) (motor)
    • Cell Structure
      • Nucleus
      • Cytoplasm
      • Cell Membrane
    • Neuron Structure
      • Dendrites (receptors)
      • Cell Body
      • Axon
      • Axon terminals (terminal buttons)
      • Neurotransmitter
      • Synapse
    • Neuron
    • Neurotransmitters
      • Acetylcholine
      • Norepinephrine
      • Seratonin
      • Dopamine (L-Dopa)
      • Effect of amphetamines
    • Divisions of the Brain
    • Divisions of the Brain
      • Subcortex (old brain)
      • Neocortex (new brain)
    • Subcortex
      • Cerebellum
      • Pons
      • Medulla
      • Reticular formation
      • (continued on next slide)
    • Subcortex
      • Diencephalon
        • Thalamus
        • Hypothalamus
      • Limbic system
      • Basal nuclei (basal ganglia)
    • Neocortex
      • Cerebral cortex
      • Cerebrum
    • Neural Cortex
    • Lobes of the Brain
      • Frontal lobes
      • Occipital lobes
      • Parietal lobes
      • Temporal lobes
    • Lobes of the Brain
    • Hemispheres of the Brain
      • Right hemisphere
      • Left hemisphere
      • Corpus callosum
    • Hemispheres
    • Left Hemisphere of the Brain
      • Language ability
      • Analytical thinking
      • Manages right side of body
    • Right Hemisphere of the Brain
      • Spatial thinking
      • Intuitive thinking
      • Emotional, artistic, creative functions
      • Manages left side of body
    • Corpus Callosum
      • Split brain
      • Sperry studies
      • Tachistoscope
      • Visual fields
    • Visual Pathways
    • Which way do the eyes move?
      • The direction of your eyes indicates which side of the brain you are using to answer a question.
        • Make up a sentence using the words code and mathematics
        • Picture the last wreck you saw. Which direction were the cars moving?
        • What does the proverb “easy come, easy go” mean
        • Picture the last time you cried
        • 1& 3 verbal non-emotional (look right)
        • 2&4 spatial-emotional (look left)
    • Emergency Repair Service
      • Plasticity
      • Redundancy
    • Recording
      • EEG (electroencephalograph)
      • PET scan
    • EEG
      • Electroencephalograph
      • Brain wave patterns
      • Seizure disorder
      • Hubel
      • Brain death
    • Pet Scan
      • Positron emission tomography
      • Glucose
      • Brain tumors
      • Seizure disorders
    • Brain mapping
      • Wilder Penfield
      • Probe the Brain!
      • Seizure disorder
      • James Olds
      • Pleasure center
    • Biochemical studies
      • Tube implantation
      • Manipulate drive states
    • Limiting Damage from Strokes
      • Magnesium
      • Anti-glutamate
      • Insulin
      • Lowered Body Temperature
    • Lesioning
      • Sever nerve areas
      • Intentional destruction of brain tissue
      • Destruction of brain tissue as a result of disease or accident
      • Karl Lashley
    • Lobotomy
      • Disconnection of frontal lobes
      • Prefrontal lobotomy
      • Dr. Egaz Moniz
      • Nobel prize
    • Lobotomy
      • Tranquilizers
      • 50 procedures a day
      • Approximately 50,000
      • Inability to enact future planning
      • Inability to perform complex tasks
    • Exocrine System
      • Duct glands
        • Sweat gland
        • Tear glands
        • Salivary glands
    • Endocrine System
      • Ductless glands
        • Release hormones
        • ’ activator’
        • “ I excite”
        • 30 different kinds
    • Endocrine System
      • Ductless glands
        • Thyroid
        • Pituitary
        • Islets of Langerhans (pancreas)
        • Adrenal glands
        • Testes/ovaries
    • Thyroid Gland
      • regulate metabolism
      • thyroxin
    • Overactive Thyroid
      • produces too much thyroxin
      • symptoms
        • ?
    • Thyroid Gland
      • Enlarged thyroid
      • Goiter
    • Underactive Thyroid
      • produces too little thyroxin
      • symptoms
        • ?
    • Thyroid Gland
      • Cretinism
      • Underactive thyroid in infancy
    • Pituitary Gland
      • Located in the center of the brain
      • Controlled by hypothalamus
    • Pituitary Gland
      • Located in the center of the brain
      • HGH
      • Human Growth Hormone
    • Dwarfism
      • Too little HGH
    • Giantism
      • Too much HGH
    • Pituitary Gland
      • Master gland
      • Controlled by the hypothalamus
    • Islets of Langerhans
    • Islets of Langerhans
      • Part of the pancreas
      • Insulin
      • Diabetes
      • Cataracts and/or arteriosclerosis
    • Adrenal Glands
      • On top of kidneys
      • Receive signals from Sympathetic Nervous System
    • Adrenal Glands
      • Kidneys
      • Adrenaline
      • Steroids
      • Cortisone
    • Adrenal Glands
      • Too little
        • Slow blood circulation
        • Sexual development lessens
        • Weakness
        • Death
      • Too much
        • Increased sexual development
        • Masculine characteristics in females
    • Reproductive Glands
      • Testes
        • produce sperm cells
        • Testosterone
        • Male sex characteristics
        • Stimulates skeletal growth
        • Muscle mass
        • Larger internal organs
    • Reproductive Glands
      • Ovaries
        • produce egg cells
        • Estrogen
        • Progesterone
        • Elasticity of the uterus
        • Menstruation
        • Menopause
    • The Evolution of Behavior
      • Darwin’s Theory
      • Compare anatomy, physiology, and behavior between species
    • Ethology
      • Defined:
      • Extensions of Darwinian theory
    • Sociobiology
      • Biological bases of behavior
      • Behavior genetic
    • Edward O Wilson
      • Sociobiology
      • Zoologist
      • Sociobiology: A New Synthesis
    • Altruism
      • Unselfish interest in or care the the welfare of others
    • Altruistic behavior
      • Survival of the fittest
      • Genes, not individuals
    • Galton and Watson
      • Sir Francis Galton
      • Hereditary Genius (1869)
      • Secondary research
      • Intelligence is inherited
    • Galton and Watson
      • Dr John B Watson
      • Environment determines intelligence
    • Nature vs Nurture Controversy
      • Cognitive abilities
      • Mental illness
      • Personality
    • Twin Studies
      • Monozygotic
      • Dizygotic
    • Schizophrenia (inheritability of mental illness
      • Most common
      • chance of occurrence in general population?
      • Twin ___ times more likely to develop schizophrenia is twin 1 has it
    • PKU
      • Phenylketonuria
      • Genetic defect
      • Severe mental retardation