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Pavlov
 

Pavlov

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  • When playing this slide pause for about 30 seconds to allow the sound to play before hitting space bar. Before moving to next slide, pause and discuss the sound.
  • Discuss why the sound of the coffee brewing makes the listener want coffee.
  • After watching video, discuss the behavior of the cats. Have viewers give examples of involutary response created by a stimuli.

Pavlov Pavlov Presentation Transcript

  • Lori Crowley PAVLOV BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL LEARNING
  • As you listen to this sound, discuss the sound with your shoulder partner. What is the sound? Does it make you think of something? Does the sound make you want something? What does it make you want? LISTEN TO THE SOUND
  • If you are a coffee drinker like me, you may suddenly want a cup of coffee. Why?
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g88it1LxgXc  If you have a cat, this is a familiar scene.  Why do the cats react this way to the sound of a can opener?  Can you think of other sounds that elicit an involuntary response? WATCH VIDEO
  • PAVLOV • Pavlov development a theory to explained why humans and animals react to a sound or other stimulus. • He conducted an experiment with a dog. • The dog would hear the sound of a metronome and then be given food immediately. • The dog would salivate when given the food. • This was repeated several times. • Eventually, the dog would begin to salivate at the sound of the metronome even when there was no food present. • From this experiment, the Classical Conditioning Theory was developed.
  • Classical Conditioning lead to to the Behavioral Learning Theory.  Behaviors can be measured, trained and changed.  Behaviors are acquired through conditioning.  Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors." --John Watson BEHAVIORAL LEARNING THEORY
  • Two Types of Conditioning Classical Conditioning – Behavioral Training as in Pavlov’s Dogs Operant Conditioning – Learning through rewards and punishments for behavior Can you think of ways these types of conditioning are used in the school setting? BEHAVIORAL LEARNING THEORY
  • Based on both cognitive learning theory and behavioral learning theory 4 Requirements for Learning 1. Observation - Behaviors must be modeled 2. Retention- Ability to remember what is learned 3. Reproduction – Must be able to reproduce behavior 4. Motivation – Incentive to reproduce behavior SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
  • Cherry, Kendra. (n.d.). Social Learning Theory, retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/developmentalpsychology/a/sociallearning.htm McLeod, Sam (2007). Pavlov’s Dogs. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/pavlov.html Psychology 101. retrieved from http://allpsych.com/psychology101/learning.html REFERENCES