A visit to  America   Creative Rupture  The 1960s  Introduction to American Art and Visual Culture – Lecture 6
Franz Kline (1950)  Chief
Mark Rothko (1958)  Black on Maroon Sketch for “Mural no. 6”
 
1960s      The nation was in accelerated cultural, social, and political transition.  Painting moved from the deeply perso...
Artists: Ad Reinhardt Ellsworth Kelly Morris Louis Cy Twombly Agnes Martin Robert Rauschenberg Claes Oldenberg Andy Warhol
Non Compositional Strategies
Ad Reinhardt         ” Art is Art. Everything else is everything else”
Ad Reinhardt (1961)  Abstract Painting no 4
Ad Reinhardt (1966)  Untitled Screen print
Ad Reinhardt (1954-58)  Untitled
Ad Reinhardt hangs his paintings to dry 1966
Ad Reinhardt – works from the 1940s
Ellsworth Kelly       Take a look at MoMA’s Mp3 description of the artist’s work:http://www.moma.org/audio_file/audio_file...
    
Ellsworth Kelly
http://www.swiss-miss.com/2007/09/ellsworth-kelly.html
Elsworth Kelly (1963 ) Red Blue Green
Elsworth Kelly (no date ) Orange Curve
Elsworth Kelly (1970) Black Square with Blue
Elsworth Kelly (1958) Broadway
Elsworth Kelly (1952)  Méditerannée
Elsworth Kelly (1976-77) Nine Squares
Stains and Graffiti  Legacy of Color and Gesture Forefathers
Helen Frankenthaler        “ There are no rules. That is how art is born, how breakthroughs happen. Go against the rules o...
Helen  Helen Frankenthaler (1952 ) Mountains and Sea  HER FIRST DRIP PAINTING
Helen  Helen Frankenthaler (1967 ) Flood
Helen  Helen Frankenthaler (1973 ) Nature Abhors a  Vacuum
Helen  Helen Frankenthaler (1964 ) Magic Carpet
Morris Louis        “ He owes his reputation to the critic Clement Greenberg, who was also his coach. It is not really tru...
Morris Louis (1960)  Where
Morris Louis (1961)  Alpha Phi
Morris Louis (1958)  7 Bronze
Morris Louis (1959)  Nun
Morris Louis (1959)  Saf Dalet
Cy Twombly         On graffiti-- 
”Graffiti is linear and it's done with a pencil, and it's like writing on walls. But [in...
Cy Twombly  at Houston Exhibition  see Gagosian: http://www.gagosian.com
Cy Twombly (1970)  Unitled
Cy Twombly (1972 ) Untitled
Read the entire interview: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/03/art1 <ul><li>The Ferragosto paintings 
They ...
Cy Twombly (1961)  Ferrogosto V
Read the entire interview: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/03/art1 <ul><li>Coronation of Sesostris series ...
Cy Twombly (1980)  Coronation of Sesostris
Read the entire interview: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/03/art1 <ul><li>A Scattering of Blossoms series...
Cy Twombly (2007 ) Untitled
'I'm not too sensitive to color, not really' Cy Twombly (1988 ) Untitled Part VII
Cy Twombly (2008 )The Rose II
Cy Twombly (2009 ) Leaving Pathos Ringed with Waves
Cy Twombly at Black Mountain College, North Carolina in the 50s.  'It was the first time I'd been in an atmosphere of arts...
Agnes Martin         “ Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings.” Eight minute Interview of this art...
Agnes Martin
Agnes Martin (1960)  Mountain
Agnes Martin (1962)  Tremolo
Agnes Martin (1963)  Friendship
Agnes Martin (1952) Untitled Watercolor
 
Creedence Clearwater Revival (1967 ) I Heard it Through the Grapevine TAKE A BREAK, MAN.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mJS8j9YYB9w
<ul><li>1959 - Barbie Doll and the Microchip invented </li></ul><ul><li>1960 - Introduction of the Twist dance by Chubby C...
<ul><li>1965 - Miniskirt made first appearance </li></ul><ul><li>1965 - Watts (LA) race riots </li></ul><ul><li>1965 - Pro...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kGYTQeUGB4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= R2bLNkCqpuY   2.8 million viewers
<ul><li>The sixties were the age of youth, as
70 million children from the post-war baby boom became teenagers and young a...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7JVxE2SYxo
Pop Art
Andy Warhol       “ They say that time changes things, but you actually have to change them yourself”
Factory personalities:  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkwD261MHsc&feature=rec-LGOUT-exp_stronger_r2-2r-7-HM
This pair of photo-booth strips is one of Warhol's earliest experiments with photography , a medium that increasingly domi...
Andy Warhol (1967)  Untitled from Marilyn Monroe (Marilyn)
As art historian Marco Livingstone has stressed, Pop Art was never a circumscribed movement with membership and manifestos...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_cT10g9U9cU&feature=related
Rauschenberg: At the same time that Abstract Expressionism began to wane…a disparate group of artists began to explore som...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tpCWh3IFtDQ
Robert Rauschenberg (1955)  Bed
Robert Rauschenberg (1964)  Prize
Robert Rauschenberg (1962)  Brace
Robert Rauschenberg (1959)  Canyon
Robert Rauschenberg (1963)  Estate
Robert Rauschenberg (1964)  Harbor
Robert Rauschenberg (1955-59)  Monogram
Robert Rauschenberg (1964)  Retroactive
Robert Rauschenberg (1963)  Tracer
Robert Rauschenberg (1958)  Caca-Cola Plan
Rachel Harrison
Claes Oldenburg: Best known for his oversized soft sculptures of food and consumer objects of the Pop art period, Claes Ol...
Oldenburg (1961)  Store Poster
<ul><li>In 1961 and 1962, Claes Oldenburg was first to explore the idea of art as an everyday product when he presented a ...
Pop art's gaze on the universe of commercial products is often deadpan and cool. With Oldenburg, though, it becomes more c...
Yoko Ono        “ The 1960s were about releasing ourselves from conventional society and freeing ourselves.”
Yoko Ono in the Venice Biennale, 2009. Work from the 1960s
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Ono and Lennon  used their March 1969 honeymoon in Amsterdam to promote peace (in response to the Vietnam War) by ...
Next Week? Roy Lichtenstein James Rosenquist Jim Dine Larry Rivers Wayne Triebaud Tom Wesselmann Lucas Samaras James Rosen...
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ASP 6 AAVC - Creative Rupture 1960s

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This covers a partial selection of American Art and Visual Culture of the 1960s... possibly to be continued next week.

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  • He studied with Mayer Shapiro
  • orn in 1928 in Lexington, Virginia, Cy Twombly studied art at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (1947–49); the Art Students League, New York (1950–51); and Black Mountain College, North Carolina (1951–52). In the mid 1950s, following travels in Europe and Africa, he emerged as a prominent figure among a group of artists working in New York that included Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns.
  • ASP 6 AAVC - Creative Rupture 1960s

    1. 1. A visit to America Creative Rupture The 1960s Introduction to American Art and Visual Culture – Lecture 6
    2. 2. Franz Kline (1950) Chief
    3. 3. Mark Rothko (1958) Black on Maroon Sketch for “Mural no. 6”
    4. 5. 1960s     The nation was in accelerated cultural, social, and political transition. Painting moved from the deeply personal (last week) to the impersonal Issues of “High versus Low” were raised. Multiple voices clamored for equalities and freedoms: women, blacks, etc.
    5. 6. Artists: Ad Reinhardt Ellsworth Kelly Morris Louis Cy Twombly Agnes Martin Robert Rauschenberg Claes Oldenberg Andy Warhol
    6. 7. Non Compositional Strategies
    7. 8. Ad Reinhardt       ” Art is Art. Everything else is everything else”
    8. 9. Ad Reinhardt (1961) Abstract Painting no 4
    9. 10. Ad Reinhardt (1966) Untitled Screen print
    10. 11. Ad Reinhardt (1954-58) Untitled
    11. 12. Ad Reinhardt hangs his paintings to dry 1966
    12. 13. Ad Reinhardt – works from the 1940s
    13. 14. Ellsworth Kelly     Take a look at MoMA’s Mp3 description of the artist’s work:http://www.moma.org/audio_file/audio_file/794/ColorChart_601.mp3
    14. 15.    
    15. 16. Ellsworth Kelly
    16. 17. http://www.swiss-miss.com/2007/09/ellsworth-kelly.html
    17. 18. Elsworth Kelly (1963 ) Red Blue Green
    18. 19. Elsworth Kelly (no date ) Orange Curve
    19. 20. Elsworth Kelly (1970) Black Square with Blue
    20. 21. Elsworth Kelly (1958) Broadway
    21. 22. Elsworth Kelly (1952) Méditerannée
    22. 23. Elsworth Kelly (1976-77) Nine Squares
    23. 24. Stains and Graffiti Legacy of Color and Gesture Forefathers
    24. 25. Helen Frankenthaler      “ There are no rules. That is how art is born, how breakthroughs happen. Go against the rules or ignore the rules. That is what invention is about.”
    25. 26. Helen Helen Frankenthaler (1952 ) Mountains and Sea HER FIRST DRIP PAINTING
    26. 27. Helen Helen Frankenthaler (1967 ) Flood
    27. 28. Helen Helen Frankenthaler (1973 ) Nature Abhors a Vacuum
    28. 29. Helen Helen Frankenthaler (1964 ) Magic Carpet
    29. 30. Morris Louis      “ He owes his reputation to the critic Clement Greenberg, who was also his coach. It is not really true, as has often been said, that Greenberg told Louis what to paint, though he probably had more influence over this lonely, gifted and insecure man than any American critic has had over any other artist.” - Critic Robert Hughes Read more: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,962782,00.html#ixzz0YwAjOkQF
    30. 31. Morris Louis (1960) Where
    31. 32. Morris Louis (1961) Alpha Phi
    32. 33. Morris Louis (1958) 7 Bronze
    33. 34. Morris Louis (1959) Nun
    34. 35. Morris Louis (1959) Saf Dalet
    35. 36. Cy Twombly       On graffiti-- 
”Graffiti is linear and it's done with a pencil, and it's like writing on walls. But [in my paintings] it's more lyrical. In those beautiful early paintings like Academy, it's graffiti but it's something else, too. I don't know how people ­react, but the feeling is more complicated, more elaborate. Graffiti is usually a protest - ink on walls - or has a reason for ­being naughty or aggressive.” Read a rare interview of this artist: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/03/art1
    36. 37. Cy Twombly at Houston Exhibition see Gagosian: http://www.gagosian.com
    37. 38. Cy Twombly (1970) Unitled
    38. 39. Cy Twombly (1972 ) Untitled
    39. 40. Read the entire interview: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/03/art1 <ul><li>The Ferragosto paintings 
They were done in Rome, when I had to stay there in August. I was completely crazy, out of my mind with [the] heat.Paint is something that I use with my hands and do all those tactile things. I really don't like oil because you can't get back into it, or you make a mess. It's not my favourite thing - pencil is more my medium than wet paint. I did by mistake paint on a picture in Lexington and then quickly put an image on top. And I got into the wet. I had the background painted, worked into it and then merged the background and surfaces. Before, I always had a dry background and painted on. Now, I have someone paint the background that I have already figured out. I used to change things in my early paintings to get the nuance or feeling I wanted, but now I plan everything in my head ­before I do it. Also the scale of the things - they are big and I can't get on the ladder all the time, it hurts. So they are more thought out. I have drawn little sketches of things. </li></ul>
    40. 41. Cy Twombly (1961) Ferrogosto V
    41. 42. Read the entire interview: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/03/art1 <ul><li>Coronation of Sesostris series 
When I work, I work very fast, but preparing to work can take any length of time. It can even be a year. These were started in ­Bassano and hung upstairs for years. I like the sun disc because I managed to do very childlike painting, very immediate. Then I took them to Virginia and finished them - wound up at the end with a detail of Degas's The Cotton Exchange in New ­Orleans. How it got in there, I don't know, but it's one of my favorite sets. </li></ul>
    42. 43. Cy Twombly (1980) Coronation of Sesostris
    43. 44. Read the entire interview: http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jun/03/art1 <ul><li>A Scattering of Blossoms series
 I work in waves, because I'm impatient. Because of a certain physicality, of lack of breath from standing. It has to be done and I do take liberties I wouldn't have taken before. I got all kinds of wonderful effects that I never achieved before. Sometimes it's simplistic. It's hot, so I do some cool paintings. Lots of times I like to enjoy myself. I think I'm in a good point of working. </li></ul>
    44. 45. Cy Twombly (2007 ) Untitled
    45. 46. 'I'm not too sensitive to color, not really' Cy Twombly (1988 ) Untitled Part VII
    46. 47. Cy Twombly (2008 )The Rose II
    47. 48. Cy Twombly (2009 ) Leaving Pathos Ringed with Waves
    48. 49. Cy Twombly at Black Mountain College, North Carolina in the 50s. 'It was the first time I'd been in an atmosphere of artsy-ness'
    49. 50. Agnes Martin       “ Art is the concrete representation of our most subtle feelings.” Eight minute Interview of this artist: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_-JfYjmo5OA
    50. 51. Agnes Martin
    51. 52. Agnes Martin (1960) Mountain
    52. 53. Agnes Martin (1962) Tremolo
    53. 54. Agnes Martin (1963) Friendship
    54. 55. Agnes Martin (1952) Untitled Watercolor
    55. 57. Creedence Clearwater Revival (1967 ) I Heard it Through the Grapevine TAKE A BREAK, MAN.
    56. 58. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mJS8j9YYB9w
    57. 59. <ul><li>1959 - Barbie Doll and the Microchip invented </li></ul><ul><li>1960 - Introduction of the Twist dance by Chubby Checker </li></ul><ul><li>1962 - Death of Marilyn Monroe1962 - First TV broadcasts in color </li></ul><ul><li>1962 - Spacewar, the first computer video game, invented </li></ul><ul><li>1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>1963 - TouchTone telephones introduced </li></ul><ul><li>1963 - President John F. Kennedy's assassination </li></ul><ul><li>1963 - Women's Liberation, signaled by the publication of Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique </li></ul><ul><li>1964 - Beatlemania, the Beatles 'invaded' US </li></ul><ul><li>1964 - Boxer Cassius Clay joined the nation of Islam and changed his name to Muhammad Ali </li></ul>THE 1960S
    58. 60. <ul><li>1965 - Miniskirt made first appearance </li></ul><ul><li>1965 - Watts (LA) race riots </li></ul><ul><li>1965 - Protests of racial stereotyping against 'Amos and Andy' TV show forced it off the air </li></ul><ul><li>1966 - One Million Years BC made Raquel Welch a sex symbol in a two-piece fur bikini </li></ul><ul><li>1967 - &quot;Hair&quot; opened off-Broadway </li></ul><ul><li>1967 - First Heart Transplant </li></ul><ul><li>1967 - Anti-Vietnam War Protests Escalated as War Deaths Multiplied </li></ul><ul><li>1968 - &quot;60 Minutes&quot; debuted on CBS-TV </li></ul><ul><li>1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr's and Robert Kennedy's assassinations </li></ul><ul><li>1969 - Woodstock and Summer of Love in San Francisco </li></ul><ul><li>1969 - Introduction of the indoor-safe NERF ball </li></ul><ul><li>1969 - &quot;Sesame Street&quot; debuted on TV </li></ul><ul><li>1969 - Arpanet (first Internet) invented </li></ul><ul><li>1969 - First Man on the Moon with Apollo 11 space flight </li></ul>
    59. 61. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kGYTQeUGB4
    60. 62. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v= R2bLNkCqpuY 2.8 million viewers
    61. 63. <ul><li>The sixties were the age of youth, as
70 million children from the post-war baby boom became teenagers and young adults.  The movement away from the conservative fifties continued and eventually resulted in revolutionary ways of thinking and real change in the cultural fabric of American life.  </li></ul>
    62. 64. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7JVxE2SYxo
    63. 65. Pop Art
    64. 66. Andy Warhol      “ They say that time changes things, but you actually have to change them yourself”
    65. 67. Factory personalities: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkwD261MHsc&feature=rec-LGOUT-exp_stronger_r2-2r-7-HM
    66. 68. This pair of photo-booth strips is one of Warhol's earliest experiments with photography , a medium that increasingly dominated his art during his peak years of innovation from 1962 to 1968. For Warhol, the photo booth represented a quintessentially modern intersection of mass entertainment and private self-contemplation. In these little curtained theaters, the sitter could adopt a succession of different roles, each captured in a single frame; the resulting strip of four poses resembled a snippet of film footage. The serial, mechanical nature of the strips provided Warhol with an ideal model for his aesthetic of passivity, detachment, and instant celebrity. Here, Warhol has adopted the surly, ultracool persona of movie stars such as Marlon Brando and James Dean, icons of the youth culture that he idolized.
    67. 69. Andy Warhol (1967) Untitled from Marilyn Monroe (Marilyn)
    68. 70. As art historian Marco Livingstone has stressed, Pop Art was never a circumscribed movement with membership and manifestos. Rather, it was a sensibility emergent in the 1950s and rampant in the 1960s. Andy Warhol (who began his career as a fashion illustrator) had been painting Campbell Soup cans since 1962. Such advertising icons, along with cartoons and billboards, yielded a synthesis of word and image, of art and the everyday. Fashion quickly embraced the spirit of Pop, playing an important role in its dissemination. The paper dresses of 1966–67 were throwaways, open to advertising and the commercial.
    69. 71. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_cT10g9U9cU&feature=related
    70. 72. Rauschenberg: At the same time that Abstract Expressionism began to wane…a disparate group of artists began to explore some of the overlooked implications of action painting—its gestural freedom, chance effects, and urban themes—giving birth to a wide array of strategies epitomized by Robert Rauschenberg's oft-quoted statement that he wanted to act in the gap between art and life. Rauschenberg himself had been making Combines—found objects covered with slashing strokes of paint that blurred the boundaries between high and low—since the mid-1950s, and in the early '60s began transferring photographic images from newspapers directly onto his canvases (via the process of silkscreening) in rebus-like arrangements. In this neo-avant-garde work, artists such as Rauschenberg adapted the shock tactics of World War I-era Dada collagists such as Kurt Schwitters to the new postwar context of American hegemonic power.
    71. 73. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tpCWh3IFtDQ
    72. 74. Robert Rauschenberg (1955) Bed
    73. 75. Robert Rauschenberg (1964) Prize
    74. 76. Robert Rauschenberg (1962) Brace
    75. 77. Robert Rauschenberg (1959) Canyon
    76. 78. Robert Rauschenberg (1963) Estate
    77. 79. Robert Rauschenberg (1964) Harbor
    78. 80. Robert Rauschenberg (1955-59) Monogram
    79. 81. Robert Rauschenberg (1964) Retroactive
    80. 82. Robert Rauschenberg (1963) Tracer
    81. 83. Robert Rauschenberg (1958) Caca-Cola Plan
    82. 84. Rachel Harrison
    83. 85. Claes Oldenburg: Best known for his oversized soft sculptures of food and consumer objects of the Pop art period, Claes Oldenburg began his career staging avant-garde performances, constructing environments, publishing writings, and generally embracing the commerce of everyday life. Printed work has always played a central role in his art, beginning with commercially produced announcements and ephemera for his Happenings, and continuing with traditional printmaking.
    84. 86. Oldenburg (1961) Store Poster
    85. 87. <ul><li>In 1961 and 1962, Claes Oldenburg was first to explore the idea of art as an everyday product when he presented a project entitled The Store in his New York studio . The project featured brightly-painted objects such as stockings, dresses, shirts, shoes, pies, chocolates, and ice cream sandwiches made of muslin, plaster, and chicken wire. Oldenburg's The Store not only put forth the idea of the 'art store,&quot; it also suggested the types of objects that, by 1965, would be created in abundance by other Pop Artists </li></ul>
    86. 88. Pop art's gaze on the universe of commercial products is often deadpan and cool. With Oldenburg, though, it becomes more comically disorienting: sculptures like Giant Soft Fan challenge our acceptance of the everyday world both by rendering hard objects in soft materials, so that they sag and droop, and by greatly inflating their size. (There are also Oldenburg works that make soft objects hard.) The smooth, impersonal vinyl surfaces of Giant Soft Fan are Oldenburg's knowing inversion of the hard-edge aesthetic of the 1960s.
    87. 89. Yoko Ono      “ The 1960s were about releasing ourselves from conventional society and freeing ourselves.”
    88. 90. Yoko Ono in the Venice Biennale, 2009. Work from the 1960s
    89. 101. <ul><li>Ono and Lennon used their March 1969 honeymoon in Amsterdam to promote peace (in response to the Vietnam War) by holding a one-week “Bed-In”. They met with the press from 9am to 9pm and sat “like angels.” The signs over the bed read “hair peace” and “bed peace.” </li></ul>
    90. 102. Next Week? Roy Lichtenstein James Rosenquist Jim Dine Larry Rivers Wayne Triebaud Tom Wesselmann Lucas Samaras James Rosenquist George Segal Ed Ruscha Carolee Schneeman Kenneth Noland Robert Morris And more….

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