“ Our assessment of the artist depends partly on our perception of what the notion of “art” represented to a particular society at a particular time.” What is art? p.4
Art has been art as we know it only for about 200 years…idea-based art less than 100.
It is difficult to tell, just by looking, how a piece of artwork was perceived in its original context. Greek sculpture with color and without.
What is particular about the human animal making art?
“ When we see, feel, touch, think, remember, invent, create, and dream, we must use our cultural symbols and languages” Staniszewski, M (1995). Seeing is believing: Creating the culture of art. New York: Penguin, p. 1
A cathedral floor plan is shaped by symbolism . The traditional cathedral floor plan is cross-shaped. The congregation faces east to the rising sun. The nave (Latin for "ship") is where the congregation sits. There may also be seating areas in the transepts. The choir is seated in the chancel. In Protestant churches, the pulpit and lectern are often transposed, or a single furnishing (sometimes placed in the middle) serves as a location for both reading and preaching.
Iconography is content with specific meanings…that are culturally bound.