2 Gilded Age

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2 Gilded Age

  1. 1. A visit to America Early Beginnings & The Gilded Age Introduction to American Art and Visual Culture – Lecture 2
  2. 2. Background “Discovered” by Europeans In 1492
  3. 3. Background ? What was happening in Poland’s history in the 1400s?
  4. 4. New Hampshire Wilderness
  5. 5. •Massachusetts Bay Colony Background 1629
  6. 6. What does American Colonial art look like?
  7. 7. The development of America.
  8. 8. Plymouth, Massachusetts (1620)
  9. 9. Colonial Williamsburg, Virginia (1722)
  10. 10. Sandwich, New Hampshire (Georgian Architecture 1690-1830)
  11. 11. State House, Boston (1795-97)
  12. 12. State House, Boston (1795-97)
  13. 13. Ways to think of “history”….
  14. 14. Documentary of Revisionist http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/weshallremain/the_films/episode_1_trailer History of Native Americans
  15. 15. Background When did formal art studies begin?
  16. 16. The first American fine art academy was founded in Philadelphia. It has been in operation since 1805.
  17. 17. Charles Willson Peale (1822) Self Portrait
  18. 18. http://www.butlerart.com/ The Butler Museum of Art is the first museum in American dedicated to American art (1919). Youngstown, Ohio
  19. 19. Timeline of Art History (Metropolitan Museum Collection) http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/intro/atr/atr.htm
  20. 20. Abigail Willing ca. 1795 Walter Robertson (Irish, ca. 1750–1802)
  21. 21. Catherina Elmendorf 1752 American Oil on canvas
  22. 22. Armchair, 1640–1700 American; Essex County, Massachusetts Oak
  23. 23. Biblical sampler, 1768 Sarah Lawrence (American, b. 1758) New York City
  24. 24. Collect Pond, New York City, 1798 Attributed to Archibald Robertson (American, 1765– 1835)Watercolor and black chalk on off- white laid paper
  25. 25. Dress ca. 1799–1800 American Linen, cotton
  26. 26. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4652182 Story of Gilbert Stuart, Portraitist of George Washington http://www.artnews.com/issues/article.asp?art_id=2760
  27. 27. An Overview America The Gilded Age: 1877-1900 Introduction to American Art and Visual Culture – Lecture 2
  28. 28. Gold Gilding
  29. 29. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 Named after a novel by Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner
  30. 30. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 An age of heavy industry
  31. 31. American manufacturing surpassed Great Britain, Germany, and France combined.
  32. 32. The railroad mileage tripled between 1860-80. And tripled again by 1920.
  33. 33. The railroad mileage tripled between 1860-80. And tripled again by 1920.
  34. 34. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 Post-Civil War Matthew Brady, Photographer
  35. 35. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 Machines replaced human labor. Manufacturers were always looking for a cheaper way to make a product.
  36. 36. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 Labor unions, such as the AFL (American Federation of Labor) were formed.
  37. 37. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 The very rich were called “robber barons”.
  38. 38. Read more about the mansions http://www.newportmansions.org/page7016.cfm
  39. 39. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 It was also the age of “philanthropy”. Andrew Carnegie called it the "Gospel of Wealth” that endowed thousands of colleges, hospitals, museums, academies, schools, opera houses, public libraries, symphony orchestras, and charities. Mellon, Carnegie, Vanderbilt Morgan, Flagler, Rockefeller
  40. 40. Art Forms in the The Gilded Age
  41. 41. 1853 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition 1893
  42. 42. Dress ca. 1799–1800 American Linen, cotton
  43. 43. 1893
  44. 44. ADMINISTRATION BUILDING AND COLUMBIAN FOUNTAIN Hugh Ditzler for "Art and Architecture"
  45. 45. THE GOLDEN DOORWAY Felicien De Myrbach for "Art and Architecture."
  46. 46. CENTRAL PAVILION, HORTICULTURAL HALL L. Marold for "Art and Architecture” Chromo-Typogravure
  47. 47. The Gilded Age 1877-1900 Beaux-Arts was the predominant architectural style.
  48. 48. Across the Room, ca. 1899 Edmund Charles Tarbell (American, 1862–1938) Oil on canvas
  49. 49. Paulding Farnham (American, 1859– 1927), designer; Tiffany & Company (American, 1837– present), manufacturer and retailer Gold, amethysts, quartzes, spessartites, tourmalines, freshwater pearls, enamel
  50. 50. Louis Comfort Tiffany (American, 1848– 1933); Tiffany Glass and Decorating Company (Stourbridge Glass Company) Enamel on copper
  51. 51. Armchair, 1868–70 Attributed to John Jelliff (American, 1813–1893; firm active Newark, New Jersey, 1836–90) Rosewood, ash, mother-of-pearl
  52. 52. Victorian Interior
  53. 53. Victorian Interior
  54. 54. Jacob August Riis (American, born Denmark, 1849–1914), Street Arabs—Night Boys in Sleeping Quarters (Newsboys), ca. 1880s, printed 1947, gelatin silver print
  55. 55. ca.1870
  56. 56. Focus on Fine Arts
  57. 57. "I am a most earnest well-wisher of the art students of America. The older I grow the more and more I am convinced that a thorough and adequate training can be found here as abroad, that the work by students here is equal to that produced by those in Europe.” - Augustus Saint-Gaudens
  58. 58. Sculpture in The Gilded Age
  59. 59. American Wing at the Metropolitan Museum, New York
  60. 60. Painting in The Gilded Age
  61. 61. Baby with Rattle and Dog, 1842 Mrs. Moses B. Russell (American, 1809–1854) Watercolor and gouache on ivory
  62. 62. Currier and Ives Lithographs Spread imagery because of the low cost of production.
  63. 63. The Beeches, 1845 Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886) Oil on canvas
  64. 64. The Artist's Wife and His Setter Dog, ca. 1884–89 Thomas Eakins (American, 1844–1916) Oil on canvas
  65. 65. The Champion Single Sculls (Max Schmitt in a Single Scull), 1871 Thomas Eakins (American, 1844–1916) Oil on canvas
  66. 66. Diagram of the Colors Used to Paint the Portrait of Queen Victoria, ca. 1838 Thomas Sully (American, 1783–1872)Brown ink and oil on paper While in London, Sully painted a half-length portrait of the queen for the engravers Hodgson and Greaves (now in the Wallace Collection, London). They made mezzotints for sale from the image. Sully made this record of his palette, so as to use the same pigments for the full-length picture he would paint once back home in Philadelphia.
  67. 67. Arrangement in Flesh Colour and Black: Portrait of Théodore Duret, 1883 James Abbott McNeill Whistler (American, 1834–1903) Oil on canvas
  68. 68. Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1883–84 John Singer Sargent (American, 1856–1925) Oil on canvas
  69. 69. The portrait of Madame X was imitated. Here is Isabella Stewart Gardner.
  70. 70. The Arab Jeweler, ca. 1882 Charles Sprague Pearce (American, 1851–1914) Oil on canvas
  71. 71. Approaching Thunder Storm, 1859 Martin Johnson Heade (American, 1819–1904) Oil on canvas
  72. 72. A Basket of Clams, 1873 Winslow Homer (American, 1836–1910) Watercolor on wove paper
  73. 73. Snap the Whip, 1872 Winslow Homer (American, 1836–1910) Oil
  74. 74. Prisoners from the Front, 1866 Winslow Homer (American, 1836–1910) Oil
  75. 75. Prisoners from the Front, 1866 Winslow Homer (American, 1836–1910) Oil
  76. 76. Celia Thaxter's Garden, Isles of Shoals, Maine, 1890 Childe Hassam (American, 1859–1935) Oil on canvas
  77. 77. Celia Thaxter's Garden, Isles of Shoals, Maine, 1890 Childe Hassam (American, 1859–1935) Oil on canvas
  78. 78. Arques-la-Bataille, 1885 John Henry Twachtman (American, 1853–1902) Oil on canvas
  79. 79. James Abbott McNeill Whistler Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket (1875)
  80. 80. James Abbott McNeill Whistler Nocturne in Blue and Gold: the Battersea Bridge (1872)
  81. 81. James Abbott McNeill Whistler Harmony in the Music Room (1861)
  82. 82. James Abbott McNeill Whistler Arrangement in Black and Grey (1872)
  83. 83. Photography in The Gilded Age
  84. 84. 21st Michigan Infantry: Sherman's Volunteers, 1860s Mathew B. Brady (American, 1823– 1896)Albumen silver
  85. 85. Samuel Shoop, 1865 Reed Brockway Bontecou (American, 1824–1907) Albumen silver print from glass negative
  86. 86. Andersonville Still Life, 1866 Mathew B. Brady (American, 1823–1896) Albumen silver print from glass negative
  87. 87. [Amateur Snapshot Album], 1890–92 Unknown Artist, American School 286 cyanotypes and gelatin silver prints
  88. 88. Kodak One
  89. 89. Blessed Art Thou among Women, 1899 Gertrude Käsebier (American, 1852–1934) Platinum print
  90. 90. Blessed Art Thou among Women, 1899 Gertrude Käsebier (American, 1852–1934) Platinum print
  91. 91. [Female Nude], ca. 1883 Thomas Eakins (American, 1844–1916) Platinum print
  92. 92. Eclipse of the Sun, May 26, 1854 William Langenheim (American, 1807–1874); Frederick Langenheim (American, 1809–1879) Daguerreotype
  93. 93. [Boston from a Hot-Air Balloon], October 13, 1860J James Wallace Black (American, 1825– 1896) Albumen silver print from glass negative
  94. 94. Black Canyon, From Camp 8, Looking Above, 1871 Timothy O'Sullivan (American, 1840–1882) Albumen silver print from glass negative
  95. 95. Devil's Canyon, Geysers, Looking Down, 1868–70 Carleton E. Watkins (American, 1829–1916) Albumen silver print from glass negative
  96. 96. The Terminal, 1892 Alfred Stieglitz (American, 1864–1946) Photogravure
  97. 97. Broadway on a Rainy Day, 1859 Edward Anthony (American, 1818–1888); Henry T. Anthony (American, 1814–1884) Albumen silver prints from glass negatives
  98. 98. Chatham Square, New York, 1853–54 Unknown Artist, American School Daguerreotype
  99. 99. [Blind Man and His Reader], 1840s Unknown Artist, American School Daguerreotype
  100. 100. Frederick Douglass, ca. 1855 Unknown Artist, American School Daguerreotype
  101. 101. President Martin Van Buren, 1855–58 Mathew B. Brady (American, 1823– 1896)Salted paper print from glass negative
  102. 102. Pre-Cinema in The Gilded Age
  103. 103. Stereoscope http://users.telenet.be/thomasweynants/stereo-images.html
  104. 104. Dress ca. 1799–1800 American Linen, cotton Kinetoscope Parlor, circa 1895
  105. 105. Thaumatrope “Turning Wonder” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-UVbL-sDGFA
  106. 106. Phenakistiscope
  107. 107. Visual Illusion http://www.michaelbach.de/ot/

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